Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Mysterious Vocabulary Facts? Zipf's Law!

Most common words in English! 

The listed words below account for 50% of all the words use daily in reading, writing, and spoken communication?
Rank
Word
1
2
3
to
4
of
5
and
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a
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in
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that
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have
10
I
11
it
12
for
13
not
14
on
15
with
16
17
as
18
19
do
20
at
Rank
Word
21
this
22
but
23
his
24
by
25
from
26
27
28
say
29
her
30
31
or
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an
33
will
34
my
35
one
36
all
37
38
there
39
their
40
what
Rank
Word
41
so
42
up
43
out
44
if
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about
46
who
47
get
48
which
49
go
50
me
51
when
52
make
53
can
54
like
55
time
56
no
57
just
58
him
59
know
60
take
Rank
Word
61
people
62
into
63
year
64
your
65
good
66
some
67
could
68
them
69
see
70
other
71
than
72
then
73
now
74
look
75
only
76
come
77
its
78
over
79
think
80
also
Rank
Word
81
back
82
after
83
use
84
two
85
how
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our
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work
88
first
89
well
90
way
91
even
92
new
93
want
94
because
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any
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these
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give
98
day
99
most
100
us
What is Zipf's Law? Why are all Languages based in Zipfian principals? What conclusions and connections can you draw between Zipf's Law and the Pareto Principle? Please explain and cite Bics and Calps language development skills in your answers.

DOK Level 1-3 reading vocabulary test question! 

Academic vocabulary instruction is the key to closing the academic achivment gap! 


BICS (Basic Interpersonal Communicative Skills)[edit]
BICS refers to the basic communicative fluency achieved by all normal native speakers of a language. It is cognitively undemanding and contextual and is better understood as the language used by students in informal settings, say, on a playground or cafe. Research by Cummins as well as Virginia Collier suggest that it typically takes language learners 1–3 years to develop BICS if they have sufficient exposure to the second language.

CALP (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency/Academic Language Proficiency)[edit]

CALP refers to the ability to manipulate language using abstractions in a sophisticated manner. CALP is used while performing in an academic setting. CALP is the ability to think in and use a language as a tool for learning. Cummins's and Collier's research suggest that K-12 students need 5 to 7 years to acquire CALP in the second language if the learner has native language literacy. Learners who do not have strong native language literacy often need 7–10 years to acquire CALP in the second language.

The Pareto principle (also known as the 80/20 rule, the law of the vital few, or the principle of factor sparsity)[1] states that, for many events, roughly 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes.[2] Management consultant Joseph M. Juran suggested the principle and named it after Italian economist Vilfredo Pareto, who noted the 80/20 connection while at the University of Lausanne in 1896, as published in his first paper, "Cours d'économie politique". Essentially, Pareto showed that approximately 80% of the land in Italy was owned by 20% of the population; Pareto developed the principle by observing that about 20% of the peapods in his garden contained 80% of the peas.[3]

Zipf's law /ˈzɪf/ is an empirical law formulated using mathematical statistics that refers to the fact that many types of data studied in the physical and social sciences can be approximated with a Zipfian distribution, one of a family of related discrete power law probability distributions.

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