Sunday, May 24, 2015

Teachers: 5 Great Tips to Handle Stress

Teachers: 5 Great Tips to Handle Stress

In this tumultuous time for educators, teachers lead an increasingly stressful life. Prolonged stress is such a powerful and harmful force that it is vital that you learn effective stress management techniques to live a successful, happy, and healthy life. 

Stress has always been a part of teachers lives. Today teachers are the scapegoats and whipping boys for politicians. Funding cuts, large class sizes, angry parents, arbitrary teacher accountability, rigorous standards and feckless people (Gates, Arne, and Rhee) always blaming educators lead to an increasingly stressful life. Experts state that a little stress can be good; it keeps you sharp and ready to move forward, and is sometimes vital for achieving optimum performance. However, medical research has determined that prolonged stress is very bad for the body, and can block the body's natural ability to repair, regenerate and protect itself. Over 90% of disease is caused by stress. Stress is both a physical and psychological response. It can lead to chronic disease, obesity, insomnia, deteriorating relationships, depression, and more.
Stress is such a powerful and harmful force that it is vital that you learn effective stress management techniques to live a successful, happy, and healthy life. We must remember that we will always come across inevitable factors that cause pressure and anxiety on us. What we do not know is that it is not really the problems that are difficult to deal with, but our attitude towards them. So basically, the cause of stress is your attitude toward these things. What, then, is an effective way to deal with stressors? 

Circadian Meditation "The Power Nap"

Below are 5 great tips to handle stress.

1. Identify what makes you stressful and uneasy. Making a list of your stressful experiences is useful. Immediately deal with the issues that you can change, for instance waking up earlier for work in the morning, not leaving things till the last minute, and delegating tasks in case you are taking responsibility for everything. Forget about the issues that you cannot influence like being stuck in a traffic jam or not getting into the elevator because there is no room for you.

2. Calm down.  A few minutes break would do you good. Wash your face, breath slowly and deeply, and notice if there is tension in any part of your body and release it. You can also listen to relaxing music, or call a friend. Releasing your inner feelings to a friend is healthy option.

3. It will pass and it will be over before you know it. Remind yourself that the stressful event will end sooner or later can make you see the positive sides of things. At the same time, calm down your emotions and think of what is the best thing to do rather than take your energy away from what needs to be done.

4. Know yourself. Ask yourself: What triggers your anxiety? If for example it is your job, then maybe it’s time for you to reconsider whether it would be best to find a less stressful job. You can also make your job more tolerable by allowing yourself to get that needed vacation or leave.

5. Learn to use your relaxation response. Just as we all have within us the stress response, we also have an opposite response, which is the relaxation response. A person should elicit that on a regular basis. The relaxation response involves two steps. Repetition, the repetition can be a word, a sound, an expression, or a repetitive movement. The second step is to ignore other thoughts that come to your mind while you're doing the repetition, and come back to the repetition. The technique should be used once or twice a day for about 15 minutes. Sit quietly and choose a suitable repetition, like a prayer, the sound Om, or the word love, or calm. Or you can do a repetitive exercise, for instance, yoga, jogging, Reiki. Additional repetitive activities are knitting or handicraft. When you incorporate this into your everyday life, you become calmer and better able to handle the stressors. Practice makes perfect and the more you practice relax your mind, the easier it gets. 

The true causes of stress are not the problems or negative experiences that you encounter in your life; but your attitude toward them. So, the trick is to change your attitude and to develop a relaxed state, because you cannot be stressed and relaxed at the same time. It is important to understand that what we focus on, we energize. The more you continue to think about the factors that cause your stress, the more energy you give it. So it is vital to let go and focus on relaxation instead. Consequently, you're less likely to be upset by a stressor, and thus less likely to have its harmful effect occur. Eventually, it is your choice. You could either continue to react in the same stressful way, or you could choose to improve your life by changing your attitude and becoming relaxed. There’s no other way around it.

1st Grade Reading Passages | Year 1 Fluency

Free Grade 1, Year 1 PDF and doc Printable Reading Comprehension Fluency Passages for grade 1. Reading fluency passages with comprehension test questions will help students practice their reading comprehension skills, fluency, and build vocabulary.

Grade 1 Reading Fluency Passages Yearly Sets 
Oral Reading Fluency Grades 1-5 - Miami-Dade County ...
Grade 1 - Macmillan/McGraw-Hill
ORF: DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency 1st Grade
First Grade Basic Skills - A Habitat for Learning
First Grade Workbook Sample - Common Core Activities ...
  • .
    News'paper, cold, or'der, seem, through, back'pack, talk, sto'ry, light, Har'ry, branch'es, kiss, burns, Mrs., e vents', an oth'er, Mr, chair, lamp, repairs
    1. It is winter. The cold wind whistles through the branches of the trees.
    2. Mr. Taylor has finished his day's writing, and his children, Harry and Kate, have come home from school. They learned their math lessons well today, and both feel happy
    3. Dinner is over. Mrs. Taylor has put the dining room in order. The fire burns brightly. One table lamp gives light enough for all to read. On the chair is a basket of red apples. They seem to say, "Won't you have one?"
    4. Harry and Kate read a story in a new book. The father reads his newspaper, and the mother repairs Harry's backpack.
    5. By and by, they will tell one another what they have been reading about, and will have a chat over the events of the day.
    6. Harry and Kate's bedtime will be at 8. I think I see them kiss their dear father and mother a sweet good night.
    7. Do you not wish that every boy and girl could have a home like this?

    10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 

    First Grade Vocabulary Review: quotation (mark), sequencing, suffix, summarize, synonyms, thesaurus, setting, plot, character
  • BUBBLES. Word Count 176

    beau'ti ful, pat'io, rain'bow, burst, bub'bling, same, biggest. Sneeze, col'ors

    1. The girls have come out on the patio to blow bubbles. The old cat is asleep on the mat by the door.
    1. "Ha! ha!" laughs Rosa, as a bubble comes down softly on the old cat's back, and does not burst.
    2. Julie tries to make her bubble do the same. This time it comes down on the cat's face, and makes her sneeze.
    3. "She would rather wash her face without soap," says Rosa. "Now let us see who can make the biggest bubble."
    4. "Mine is the biggest," says Tina. "See how high it floats in the air! I can see--ah! it has burst."
    5. "I can see the house and the trees and the sky in mine," says Julie; "and such beautiful colors."
    6. "How many, Rosa?"
    7. "Red, one; blue, two; there--they are all out. Let us try again."
    8. "I know how many colors there are," says Tina. "Just as many as there are in the rainbow."
    9. "Do you know how many that is?
    10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
    First Grade Vocabulary Review: illustrate, language. long vowel, period, plural, singular, poem, predict, punctuation 
    1. James Rodriquez has two dogs. One is a Newfoundland dog, and the other is a Scotch terrier.
    2. The Newfoundland is a large, noble fellow. He is black, with a white spot, and with long, shaggy hair. His name is Sport.
    1. Sport is a good watchdog, and a kind playmate. Every night he guards the house while James and his family are asleep.
    1. In the daytime, James often uses Sport for his horse. He has a skateboard, and a set of leashes which just fits the dog.
    1. He hitches Sport to his skateboard, and skates around the park. In this way, he can go almost as fast as his brother riding his bike.
    1. The name of James's Scotch terrier is Dash. He is called Dash because he jumps about so playfully. He is up on a chair, under the table, on the table behind the door, down the basement, and out in the yard,--all in a minute.
    1. Dash has very bright eyes, and he does many funny things. He likes to put his paws up on the crib, and watch the baby.
    2. The other day he took baby's red dress, and had great fun with it; but he chewed it and buried it, and James had to scold him.
    3. Everyone likes to see James with his two dogs. They always seem very happy together.

    10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
    First Grade Vocabulary Review: quotation (mark), sequencing, suffix, summarize, synonyms, thesaurus, setting, plot, character 
  • What is Project Based Learning? Best PBL?

    Project Based Learning promots the idea of "learning by doing"

    Project Based Learning is a unique learning technique, which comprises of throwing a real world challenge to the learner, and then enabling them to come up with a solution to that problem using the tools that will have in the real world. This method of teaching allows the students to gain invaluable knowledge and skills regarding the world where they will have to work by providing them with exposure to the complex problems over an elongated period. This in turn enables them to investigate the nature and cause of the problem, and respond to the situation accordingly to come up the satisfactory solutions.

    Project-based Learning comprises of a few essential elements, which render it with the high success ratio that its learners experience. The most important aspect of any such learning program is the content because it holds the key towards unleashing the true potential of the students by providing them with exposure to the most formative of experiences involving developing of skills and learning of concepts, which lie at the heart of various academic subjects. Moreover, students are able to develop qualities that make them competent enough to be able to face the challenges in the new century, and come up with credible solutions with the help of their skill and knowledge. The important attributes, which become a part of the nature of these students through this learning process, include ability to think, collaborate, communicate, and innovate to be able to come up with critical problem solving tools.
    Project Based Learning also encourages students to go deeper into any subject and be able to make full use of a rigorous process of using all the resources to develop holistic answer to various questions. Moreover, the projects that form such an intrinsic part of the learning process for the students under this learning system act as open-ended questions, which enable them to seek the answers and in the process be able to explore and seek all the knowledge that they can manage. In fact, students are most likely to find this process highly intriguing and help them in developing a highly inquisitive and explorative nature, which is always on the lookout for gaining a more profound insight into all the academic subjects than ever before.
    Students are also able to make some fundamental choices regarding the tools that they wish to utilize in solving the problems that have on their hands, as well as, use their creativity and innovativeness to the hilt to come up with the most efficient ways of finding the best solutions to the problems. Thus, Project Based Learning provide an invaluable lesson to the students following this learning system regarding the most effective ways of making the most productive utilization of the knowledge they gain from studying academic subjects in tackling problems they are likely to face in the real world.
    Project Based Learning can be an extremely effective alternative to the conventional learning processes that are present in the existing schooling system, which an increasing number of students are finding highly uninteresting and unimaginative. This learning process easily beats all other conventional learning methods because of the active participation required on the part of the students, which helps in making them feel engaged. Moreover, students receive invaluable lessons in the ways of problem solving, which has become as essential skill for being a success in the highly competitive job market.

    Project Based Learning also provides a unique opportunity to the teachers to engage in an extremely productive manner with their students, and in many cases rediscover the joys of both learning and teaching. They also get an opportunity to connect with their students by making utmost use of the many advances made in technology, and use it productively to come up with the best solutions for the projects that form the core of this learning process. Thus, students stand to gain a lot from the adoption of this learning process for their academic subjects. 

    Saturday, May 23, 2015

    PHONEMIC Alphabet Code Charts for English

     PHONEMIC, Phonetic, Phonics, and Alphabet Code Charts for English

    20 VOWEL Sounds (Phonemes) and Related Graphemes

    earch Results

    Free Vowel Graphemes List
    24 CONSONANT Sounds (Phonemes) and Related Graphemes
    Download Free Consonant Graphemes List

    Long Vocals
    Sound as in

    Sound as in
    a ate

    e eat
    a care

    i ice
    a arm

    o ode
    a last

    u use
    a all

    u burn
    e eve

    oo fool
    Short Vocals
    a am

    o odd
    e end

    u up
    i in

    oo look
    oi oil

    ou out
    oy boy

    ow now
    f fifi

    t tat
    h him

    sh she
    k kite

    ch chat
    p pipe

    th thick
    s same

    wh why

    Sound as in

    Sound as in
    b bib

    v valve
    d did

    th this
    g gig

    z zin
    j jug

    z azure
    n nine

    r rare
    m maim

    w we
    ng hang

    y yet
    l lull

    Sub for as in

    Sub for as in
    a o what

    y i myth
    e a there

    c k can
    e a feint

    c a cite
    i e

    ch sh chaise
    i e sir

    ch k chaos
    o u son

    g j gem
    o oo to

    n ng ink
    o oo wolf

    s z as
    o a fork

    s sh sure
    o u work

    x gz exact
    u oo full

    gh f laugh
    u oo rude

    ph f phlox
    y i fly

    qu k pique
    qu kw quit

    Best Summer Reading Activities for Kids

    Top 10 Summer 2015 reading activities, summer reading list, and fun activities to stop the summer slide. | Check out Reading Sages' top 10 summer reading activities, Start with a great collection of books. You'll find great summers reading clubs at your local libraries and great parent–child activities.

    Top Ten Summer Reading Ideas:
    1. Make a blanket fort (Future City) and create your own country with its own government, currency, economy, laws, cuisine, transportation, and schools
    2. Read cookbooks and do some cooking and baking
    3. Read the directions for a new board game and have hours of fun 
    4. Plan a fantastic fantasy vacation and send for travel brochures, maps, train routes and restaurants menus 
    5. Do research on your favorite animal and visit the zoo 
    6. Study art or handicraft books and try your hand at crafting and painting 
    7. Go to the library and get books on outdoor adventures and camp-out in the living-room learning about bushcraft
    8. Do research on the flora and fauna in your area and do a nature survey of different species in your neighborhood 
    9. Read books on photography and use different types of digitalis cameras to create Animoto slide shoes
    10. Read books on movie making and shot a narrative, comedy or documentary and share on youtube
    11. Play the Legendary Land Reading Game
    12. Please add your own ideas in the comments
    Children acquire reading and writing skills all through the year. However, there is a real chance of all that coming undone when they get home from school for the lengthy summer vacation when most are not in the mood to be anywhere even remotely close to a book. This is when parents find it difficult to come up with good enough ideas that will enable them to entice their children to pick up a book, and revise their reading skills before a new academic term arrives. However, certain smart summer reading ideas for kids help the embattled parents in making reading an exciting and interesting activity for the little ones in their family.

    Summer season is all about enjoying the warmth of the sun and spending magnificent time outdoors. Parents can make full use of the glorious weather to come up with a reading plan that involves visiting exciting picnic spots and then spending quite a bit of time reading about different stuff under the open sky. The most suitable candidates for such an outdoor reading session include birds, bees, and flowers, as well as, anything that they might encounter while enjoying the great outdoors. This great reading idea combines the fun filled activity of spending time outdoors with a productive reading session, which is bound to make the kids feel less hostile about picking up a book and start reading it.

    Top 10 Summer Reading Activities Websites:
    1. Reading Sage: Top Ten Reading Websites For Kids!
    2. 10 Weeks of Summer Reading Adventures for You and Your ...
    3. Get Ready for Summer! Ideas for Teachers to Share with ...
    4. summer reading ideas for kids on Pinterest | Summer ...
    5. Activity Resources - National Summer Learning Association
    6. Themed Books and Activities for Summer Reading and ...
    7. | Summer Reading Adventures
    8. Just Read, Families!
    9. Fun Summer Reading Activities for Kids - Family Education
    10. Summer Reading Tips for Students and Parents | Scholastic ...
    The theme of visiting the great outdoors can continue by including many fun filled activities such as making a scrapbook containing samples of various flowers and drawing of birds, which help in improving the overall creative abilities of any child. Parents can also consider taking their child many fun places such as the zoo, which will provide them to bombard their kids’ interest regarding the animal world with books, filled with everything they want to know about the incredible beings they meet there.
    Parents can also take their kids to visit various historic and nostalgic landmarks in the place where they live, and encourage them to pick up titles that will provide more information regarding all those fascinating sites. Taking any children on the visit to such fascinating sites is an extremely effective way to making them fall in love with the idea of reading books to know all about any subject that might be of any interest to them. Parents can also encourage their kids to make sketches of the quaint little cathedral or the haunted bungalow, and in the process provide incentive for all-round development of the creative instinct of their children.
    Another excellent summer reading idea include encouraging children to pick any topic from a magazine, and then find as much information as they can by reading various books and magazines on that topic. The children then need to write down all they know on the topic in their own words, and supply pictures on the topic by cutting them from various magazines. This is an excellent way of allowing the kids to receive and analyze information, and then produce their own thoughts on it.
    Kids can also develop a nice reading habit even while in the middle of summer vacation and touring the world. Parents can guide their children to maintain a travel diary where they can put in all their thoughts and experience of visiting new places, and meeting new people. This can be an excellent option for kids to develop a keen observing eye, and ability to express their feelings and thrill of new adventures. Parents can even help their kids pick the subject on which to write about every new city or country that they visit.

    The summer season is the time when kids have the time of their lives, but it is important that they do not fall too much in terms of their reading and comprehension skills. Summer reading ideas for kids can be of great help in enabling them to stay in touch with their reading skills while they enjoy their vacation. 

    Summer Reading List

    Summer Reading Book List: 1st Grade Reading list, 2nd Grade Reading list, 3rd Grade Reading list, 4th Grade Reading list, 5th Grade Reading list, 6th Grade Reading list, Middle School Reading list, and High School Reading list.

    10 Weeks of Fun: RIF’s Summer Reading Calendar
    Summer Reading Activities Book 42pp PDF
    Importance of Summer Reading White Paper
    Summer Reading List K-6
    Summer Reading List National Zoo K-12
    Summer Reading List Scholastic K-8
    Summer Reading List II Just Read K-8
    Summer Reading List Middle School
    High School Summer Reading List
    Summer Reading Challenge Game

    "A Smarter Summer"

    Simple Tips to Promote Summer Learning
    Sneaking In A Smarter Summer

    By Former U.S. Education Secretary Richard W. Riley
    "No more pencils, no more books!
    No more teachers' crazy looks!"

    Are your kids looking forward to summer vacation? Great! But don't toss out those books and pencils yet -"summer fun" doesn't have to mean "dumber fun"! Exercising kids' brain muscles all summer brings big benefits in the fall. And not exercising them can mean a loss of hard-earned skills.

    A wise parent or caregiver can sneak a lot of learning into those lazy, hazy days. The good news is you don't need a lot of extra time or cash to give your kids a smarter summer. The trick is to make a game out of learning every day. Here are a few ideas: Challenge younger children to find letters of the alphabet on everyday items like street signs, cereal boxes, or newspapers. By asking "How many A's can you find?" you also exercise counting skills. Have an older child practice math by using grocery coupons to calculate the final price of items on your list. Challenge the child to guess the weight of produce before reading the scale, and to compute the correct change at the checkout. Any daily reading, yes, even comic books, is good for your child's brain. A librarian can help your child select books on any topic-baseball or butterflies, horses or hurricanes. The secret is for the child to choose the subject, so that it doesn't feel like homework and he or she is truly reading for pleasure. Writing weekly letters to a pen pal or distant friend won't feel like schoolwork, especially if the contents are strictly private! And older kids won't care that crossword puzzles boost spelling and vocabulary, if you make it a game while traveling or cooking dinner. Have kids "paint" their names with water on a hot sidewalk, then watch the letters disappear! To sneak in some science, have kids guess how long it takes for wet footprints to evaporate, then time it. Challenge them to guess the melting time of ice cubes. Drop items in a pail of water to see if they sink or float. Have children record all guesses and results, and reward the "players" with frozen treats. For more sly science fun, find two similar, healthy plants. Have your child water one, but not the other, for a week or two, and observe daily. Make a leaf tattoo by gently clipping a small paper shape onto a large leaf. Remove the shape after a week. Discuss the results and have the child write it up to share the experiment with family members. Help your child make his or her own storybook. Make funny drawings, or glue photos of family members onto silly magazine pictures. A younger child can dictate the story; older children can write it themselves. Let creativity rule! America Reads, at the U.S. Department of Education, is giving away a free, colorful poster with PBS TV star Arthur on the front, and fun reading and writing activities on the back. When the activities are finished at summer's end, the child receives a certificate of accomplishment. Now that's a summer celebration!

    Once you banish the boredom of "dumber summers", you'll be sneaking in the most valuable lesson of all-never take a vacation from learning!

    To make this a bright and brainy summer, call (877) 4ED-PUBS and order your child's free Arthur Activity Poster in English or Spanish. For more activities, ask for free brochures, called Summer Home Learning Recipes, to suit your children's ages. (To order materials online, go to For more guidance on reading and other learning subjects, call (800) USA-LEARN, or go to the America Reads Web site

    Summer Reading Pledge
    It is time for me to get into reading gear,
    Because summertime is very near.
    Reading is always fun,
    Whether I do it in the shade or in the sun!
    It is very groovy to read,
    And 60 minutes each day is about what I need.
    The library is where I can borrow books for free,
    And I will find one that is near me.
    I will learn a new word each day,
    But I will still find time to play.
    I will read a book to a family member and to a friend,
    Before the summer comes to an end.
    And when it is time to go back to school,
    I will already know that books are cool!


    Importance of Literacy

    Reading plays a very important role in one’s life and this is a well-known fact. Nothing can be that exciting will be the retort of many children!. Why do we always talk about the importance of reading in our lives? If you want to know, read this short reason why it is important.

    What is the best way to spend summer free time? There can be so many different answers to this question. That depends on the preferences of a person. If you are lively and active, you may spend time outdoors or doing sports, if you are sociable, you may enjoy holding a party and communicating with various interesting celebrities. Some of us get so tired of the noise than wait till a nice evening to tackle in and read a nice book to relax or to learn something new or to get to the new world of wonders and travel in it, forgetting about the reality.

    But these are only some of us. What about those, who detest even the appearance of the book and assure that they are allergic to its smell? There are a lot of other ways to get educated and to entertain oneself, but nothing can substitute reading. If you give it a real try, it can be a fun adventure. For instance, it is very useful to read books to little children, almost infants, that way they get used to your voice and the manner of talking and you’ll practice and read whatever is interesting to you. Some of the dislikes are closely connected with the not carefully planned school program in literature. Sometimes we can see such books there that should not be read by students of such age. I’m quite sure that it is useless for a fifth grader to read Kafka’s “Plague” and same, study “Odyssey” during the first college year. What the system needs is a careful planning. Here everything has to be taken into consideration; starting from the reports at the seminars and finishing with the careful examination of the last literature essay. Of course, sometimes it may be easy to find something else to do than to read a boring book, but this is what makes you educated and intelligent in eyes of others.

    It will be very ungrateful of us to ignore the inheritage we have. I mean thousands, millions of masterpieces waiting to be taken and read at once and than discussed in a close circle of friends. But one has to be really picky about what to read. Just like with movies, there are some books that can’t be read at certain age and certain life orientations. I guess, it is unnecessary to present the examples, because they are numerous. Serious matters read at a young age influence the process of building of a personality greatly. It is certain that a book about zombieology in hands of a teenager will do no good. There is no need to forbid sales of such books, it’s impossible. What we really have to do is to create an attentive, grateful and interested reader, by bringing him up with the help of necessary literature. Reading different books of different styles widens our outlook and gives more opportunities to make a success. An intelligent phrase that you’ve read up in some good book, thrown by you during a heated argument, will definitely make the odds even. So read with pleasure and enjoy what you’re doing!

    Friday, May 22, 2015

    12 Commandments for Teachers, Parents and Students

    12 Commandments for Teachers, Parents and Students

    The most important factor in a child’s education is the parents’ expertise for this “job”. No one is born holding all the knowledge, but we can learn and understand some things from books, blogs or advice from qualified persons. Teachers need to guide parents when they are operating on emotion and not acting in the best interest of students success. Parents need to guide teachers when they have views or ideas that will grow curiosity, creativity and an intrinsic love of learning.

    Amongst the commandments parents and teachers should strictly follow are the following:

    1. Do not underestimate your students/children – they can understand and do far more than you think and if you make them believe you think poorly of them this might affect their development and self-worth.

    2. Don’t use threats – students/children love a challenge and love to learn but once threatened they might go on with the task to escape the punishment but the fire of creativity and the spark of curiosity may be extinguished.

    3. Do not bribe your students/children – if you are trying to get them to learn for money or rewards, for example, they will fail to understand the purpose or importance of learning, all they will get from this is the importance of money and getting rewards. Your child will endlessly ask what do they get for learning or completing a task, the intrinsic desire to learn will be stunted.

    4. Do not make a small child promise to do something – a small child will readily make promises when asked, but small children can’t remember or keep promises so don’t force them to lie and then punish them because they disappointed you.

    5. Don't keep your students/children on a short leash – to grow up normally children need some space, some freedom and trust. Keeping children from experiencing real trust and all the responsibility that goes with it, we end up micromanage children's lives and create children that are incapable of dealing with failure.

    6. Do not use big words, too many words or figurative language when you are talking to small child – keep your ideas simple and concrete/concise so they can understand everything you have to say. Older students/children use big words, verbose prose and figurative language whenever you are talking to them. Yes confuse them.

    7. Do not expect obedience and responsibility all the time– a child has to be taught to think for themselves and deal with the consequences, they need to learn when to follow orders, question and disobey.

    8. Do not indulge students/children  – indulging and rewarding students/children in not caring for them, making your students/children happy with rewards is making them incapable!

    9. Do not compromise when it comes to the rules especially the Golden Rule–  for rules to become educative, formative, and intrinsic all aspects of the Golden Rule must be respected. A game is never fun or fair with no rules!

    10. Don’t impose arbitrary rules that don’t fit with the age of your students/children.

    11. Do not try to inflict guilt or use guilt to motivate students/children – guilt is not an appropriate external motivator for children, especially if they are little.

    12. Don’t give your students/children rules that you don’t take seriously or model – your students/children may try to please you and follow the rules, but they will see your hypocrisy and may not respect you or future rules. 

    All these “commandments” are addressed first to the parent. But they are to be referred to by teachers and educators as well. Along with the parents, they will settle upon an attitude and strategy for the education and growth of the child, so that they can give him all the things he needs to properly develop emotionally and physically.

    Thursday, May 21, 2015

    Grade 5, 6, 7 and 8 STAAR Reading Test Questions Samples

    STAAR Test Prep Reading Passages with Reading Comprehension Test Questions 

    Grade 3 GRADE TEST FORMS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics
    ANSWER KEYS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics

    Grade 4 GRADE TEST FORMS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics
    ANSWER KEYS 2014 Writing 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics | 2014 Writing

    Grade 5 GRADE TEST FORMS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics | 2014 Science
    ANSWER KEYS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics | 2014 Science

    Grade 6 GRADE TEST FORMS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics
    ANSWER KEYS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics

    Grade 7 GRADE TEST FORMS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics | 2014 Writing
    ANSWER KEYS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics | 2014 Writing

    Grade 8 GRADE TEST FORMS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics | 2014 Science2014 Social Studies
    ANSWER KEYS 2014 Reading | 2014 Mathematics | 2014 Science |
    2014 Social Studies

    STAAR Reading Test Vocabulary Review: Fact, Opinion, Cause, Effect, Drawing Conclusion, Inferencing, Inferring, Exaggeration, hyperbole. Editorial, and Authors view Point

    Read the STAAR Test Prep Reading Passages practice selection and choose the best answer to each question.

    Please read the teacher made opinion article below and discuss the key concepts, Fact, Opinion, Cause, Effect, Drawing Conclusion, Inferencing, Inferring, and Authors view Point. Socratic seminar extensions: Rank the paragraphs in order of importance and discuss the authors view-point. Writing extensions: Highlight the text with different colors bas4ed on opinion, facts, or myths and fabrications.

    Top 10 scientists who changed the world: Number 1 Marie Curie

    1.     While many people are familiar with male scientists and Nobel Prize winners, there are many brilliant and illustrious women out there who have made a significant difference in the world of science, which has had many repercussions in many other areas, including health care.

    2.     Born Maria Sladowska in Poland in 1867, Marie Curie was the first women to win the Nobel Prize in two different categories, for her work in physics in 1903 and in chemistry in 1911. She was a pioneer in an era when women were facing many barriers in education and in particular the sciences, as well as teaching.

    3.     It’s hard to imagine today that any woman would not get into university when she was a top student in her high school, but university was not permitted for women in Poland at the time, as it was in many countries around the world in the Victorian era. Marie attended a night school to further her education, known as the ‘floating university’ in Warsaw, that eluded the Russian occupation by teaching Polish students at night and changing locations frequently to avoid being intercepted

    4.     At the time, the only university in Poland would not admit her, she had to leave her home country of Poland in order to complete her Ph.D. and further her studies in the scientific realm.

    5.     She began interested in radium, and along with her husband, Pierre Curie, she began to study the rays it emitted, which has fascinated her. Her husband, Pierre, set aside his own work in order to pursue a joint study with her, and they worked together in their pursuit of radium, until his untimely death in a carriage accident.

    6.      Both of Marie Curie’s parents were teachers and she continued in this route when she became the first female professor at the Sorbonne in Paris, as his position was made available to her after his death.

    7.     While Marie Curie’s advancements in radium affected our understanding of atomic chemistry, but the most important contribution her work has made was leading to the development of X-ray technology that we still use today in health care, primarily in order to look at broken bones, and even in radiation treatments for cancer patients.

    8.     During World War I she established the first radiological centres and mobile X-ray units to assist in the care of soldiers, and travelled to raise some funds so that she could establish the radium research institute, in order to continue her work on radioactivity.

    9.     She was the first to speak about radioactivity, and also discovered a new radioactive element, polonium, which was named after her home country of Poland.

    10.      Marie Curie died of leukemia, as a result of her ongoing exposure to radium and radioactivity. As the harmful effects and risks of radiation were not known at the time, Marie Curie would often carry test tubes in her pocket and was heavily exposed to radioactivity throughout her work, which lead to her death in 1934.

    11.     While Marie Curie is widely known for her work on radioactivity, her legacy is not only tied to her breakthroughs in science, but also in how she contributed to the advancement of women in science and education with a number of important firsts to her name.

    12.     Her legacy also continued beyond her death, as she has also received many posthumous awards. Many institutes recognize her work by bearing her name, such as the Maria Slodowska-Curie Institute of Oncology in her native Warsaw, Poland; and the Institut Curie in Paris, her second home.

    13.     Arguably the most famous female scientist the world has known, Marie Curie has inspired many female scientists to follow in her footsteps, while also opening new doors for women to teach at the University level, and work in the field of mathematics, chemistry and physics.

    Open-ended Reading Comprehension questions

    1. Why was the university that Marie Curie attended known as the floating university?
    2. What was Marie Curie’s contribution to the field of health care?
    3. What was unique about Marie Curie’s Nobel Prize recognition?
    4. Why did Marie Curie leave Warsaw?
    5. What was so important about Marie Curie’s legacy?
    6. What did Marie Curie contribute to the advancement of women?

    Reading comprehension questions

    1. Why was the university that Marie Curie attended known as the floating university?

    a. The subject matter was always changing

    b. It was always a different group of students

    c. They always changed locations

    2. What was one of Marie Curie’s contributions to the field of health care?

    a. Radiation therapy

    b. Chemotherapy

    c. Radiotherapy

    3. What was unique about Marie Curie’s Nobel Prize recognition?

    a. She was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize

    b. She was the first women to win the Nobel Prize in both physics and chemistry

    c. She was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in physics

    d. She was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in chemistry

    4. Why did Marie Curie leave Warsaw?

    a. Because she has leukemia

    b. Because she could not attend the men’s university

    c. Because she wanted to meet her future husband

    5. What was so important about Marie Curie’s legacy?

    a. She was the first woman scientist

    b. She created an Oncology institute in her name

    c. She inspired many women scientists

    6. What did Marie Curie contribute to the advancement of women?

    a. She allowed women to study science

    b. She was the first woman scientist

    c. She opened doors for women to teach in university

    d.      She opened doors for women to be part of World War I

    Deforestation Facts, Opinions, And Myths

    1.     The Earth's rainforests, woodlands, and jungles are under a great deal of pressure. Our once abundant jungles are rapidly becoming extinct due to mismanagement or illicit activities such as gold mining, hydropower, timber harvesting, and the hunger for land to raise cattle and crops. Tropical rainforest and mature forests are being damaged by the lumber and paper trade. 

    2.     Millions of indigenous people's livelihoods are being threatened and their aboriginal way of living in the jungles is undermined, plus a wide array of animal and plant types will cease to exist forever. If such deforestation facts are already known to man, then why is the rate of forest abolition continually growing? 

    3.     Perhaps it's because poor people in some of the poorest nations are in dire need for both food and money, such things are allowed to happen. Through man's negligence, more than half of the world's irreplaceable rainforest, a rich natural treasure is gone, clear-cut, replaced with  palm plantations and cattle ranches. That is why there is no blaming mother nature if she strikes back at us through natural disasters. 

    4.     Now, the earth's entire ecosystem is consciously or unconsciously being “punished” by the powers of nature. From floods to the deadly summer heatwaves, bizarre weather and to the growing global temperatures of the planet, people are buffeted by the troubles rooted in their own making. It was never implausible for such disasters to take place considering how the human race used, abused and injured the most indispensable part of the Earth, our delicate ecosystem. 

    "Truths" On How Our Forests Rapidly Disappear

    5.     We are suffering the loss of Earth's supreme biological reserves just as we are making a start at being grateful for their significance to the world and our own wellbeing. The tropical rainforests once made-up 14% of the planet's land mass, and presently, they make up only 6%. 

    6.     Both environmentalists and experts anticipate that the remaining rainforest will be destroyed and consumed by development in approximately 40-70 years. Millions of acres of tropical forests are lost every year with disastrous and unseen consequences for both emerging and industrialized countries.
    Scientist estimate that deforestation is responsible for the loss of 137 plant types, animal of various sorts, and insect species every passing day due to man's ruthless steps. The totality equates to 50,000 extinctions of flora and fauna species' per year. As the forests diversity fade away, so do many probable cures for grave and serious diseases disappear. 

    7.     At present, 121 prescription drugs worldwide are derived from plant sources. The 25% of humankind's pharmaceuticals also originated from the forest's ingredients. Only 1% of the world's forest have been tested for possible medicinal cures by scientists, and the rest of the untested flora offer more possibilities of new medicines. 

    8.     Through rainforest deforestation, up to 50% of the world's species of flora, fauna and organisms will be extinct or relentlessly jeopardized over the next 100 years to come. The very reason why our rich natural resources are being depleted of natural resources is because of short-sighted giant agribusiness, logging corporations, irresponsible land-owners, and feckless government administrations. 

    9.     If such practices will never cease, total annihilation of all species will surely come next. If the possibilities for repairing nature are much higher now, then it is greatly suggested that bigger steps should be made to fight against the complete death of our world.

    Mankind's Drive To Save Nature

    10.     A call for sustainable and economically harvested rainforest crops is obligatory for conservation efforts to turn the tide of mass deforestation. Nations, governments, and corporations that opt-out doom any chance of success. Procuring essential and viable woodland products can result to positive modification by generating a marketplace for these goods while at the same time sustaining the indigenous people's financial system and providing the economic explanations and substitution ways to wounding the forest just for the mere worth of its lumber.

    11.     The deforestation facts are widely known to man and thus should be given proper action. Both government and the localities should take advantage of the offered solutions to deforestation problems. If dealt with properly, our rainforests can endow the entire population's need for these biological reserves on a perpetual basis.

    1. Read this sentence from paragraph 4.

    Perhaps it's because poor people are in dire need for both food and money, such things are allowed to happen.

    This sentence states —

    A. an opinion of causes for deforestation

    B. a statement of facts why deforestation happens

    C. a prediction of why people allow deforestation

    D. a solution to deforestation

    2. Read this sentence from paragraph 1.

    The Earth's rainforests, woodlands jungles are under a great deal of pressure.

    This sentence infers that Earth's rainforests, woodlands, and jungles are—
    A. forest are growing larger

    B. forest are decreasing

    C. illegal activity is destroying forest

    D. people need to conserve the rainforest

    3. Which word is a synonym for negligence in paragraph 3?

    A. forgiven

    B. carelessness

    C. cautious

    D. slowness

    4. Read this sentence from paragraph 9.

    If such practices will never cease, total annihilation of all species will surely come next.
    This sentence is an example of ---

    A. cause

    B. effect

    C. dialogue

    D. fact

    5. Which word is a antonym for abolition in paragraph ?

    A. destruction

    B. restoration

    C. freedom

    D. caution

    6. Which passage is an example of cause and effect

    A. The tropical rainforests once made-up 14% of the planet's land mass, and presently, they are only 6%. 

    B. The deforestation facts are widely known to man and thus should be given proper action.

    C. If dealt with properly, our rainforests can endow the entire population's need for these biological reserves on a perpetual basis.

    D. Through rainforest deforestation, up to 50% of the world's species of flora, fauna and organisms will be extinct or relentlessly jeopardized over the next 100 years to come.