Wednesday, March 4, 2015

Writing With Structure and Style Student Samples

How to Teach Writing to ALL your students! Teaching boys, Dyslexic students and struggling writers to love writing and yes pass the dreaded PARCC, Smarter Balanced or CCSS ELA writing TEST! 

 Writing with Structure and Style is a common sense approach to teaching writing. The writing program is the best curriculum I have piloted hands down, it is very easy for teachers to learn the linear, explicit direct instruction methods and models. Closing the writing gap simplified! I am amazed at how this common sense writing program helps lift struggling writers and motivates the can't or won't writers to thrive and love writing. The program is all about training the teacher and replacing piles of books and scripted lessons with high quality writing practices. It's easy, yes easy and fast to implement lessons that are fun for the students. One important aspect for many teachers is it's flexibility and prescriptive or corrective ability to close the achievement gap for all students. This writing curriculum will help your students write high quality essays that meet any common core assessment. The biggest selling point is it helps reluctant boys, readers and writers develop into confident readers and writers by teaching them to read and analyze text like writers. 
     The first two units on note taking and summarizing from notes are the best close reading strategies I have used with my students. Writing with Structures and Style is based on best practice that includes: K-12 teacher training, mentor text, college ready outlines, check list, rubrics and anchor text. Students learn quickly using a spiraling model that is a pedagogically sound. Students learn how to develop rich-beautiful language that ignites their passion for writing and makes my 4th grade class sound like high school students. My gifted writers and advanced readers, are teaching other students using the Structure and Style methods creating and amazing synergy that is contagious.  The advanced writers are know above and beyond their peers that are not using the methods. Teaching students to write is no longer a dread for my students and I have a new passion for writing instruction. 

My 4th grade students are going to share excerpts from their 4th grade science reports and share what they have learned the last 5 weeks using the curriculum. 

Student Writing Samples: 5 weeks of IEW Lessons


Science Report Introduction 

Have you ever thought of what makes a potato chip crispy? My experiment is testing soaked potato v.s non soaked potato and which one will be more crispy. Washing potato slices will remove most starch consequently making it crunchy. Because the starch keeps the potato from becoming crispy and crunchy. Food science is extremely tasty! Why do you think people crave potato chips.

Let me educate you about food science because nutrition is extremely important. Potatoes have lots of lovely nutrition like protein, minerals, vitamin C, riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, calcium, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. Who knew 1 potato could have all that nutrition! But frying  a potato ( Includes any vegetable ) will wipe out all the great nutrition. Potatoes are a important part of a healthy diet. Hopefully you eat potatoes everyday! Do you only use potatoes to make potato chips? 

You'll be amazed to learn how to make a healthy potato chips in a oven! My method of making thin, crispy chips is to bake them with olive oil which makes them tantalizing! The first step is to cut a big, tasty looking potato into long strips. Then pulp the potato slices into a large bowl of cold water ( Do the exact same thing just with warm water. ) Take the slippery potatoes and dry them extremely well with dishcloth. Now for the fun part, baking! Put them on a baking sheet and then preheat the oven to 425'F. Sprinkle a little bit of of sea salt and drizzle a bit of olive or canola oil ( Your choice! ) After that insert the soggy slices into the oven and wait for 15 - 20 minutes. Then take them out, and observe. Does the cold or warm water effect it?

Rosa 4th grade

Monday, March 2, 2015

Grade 6 PARCC Math Test PDF

Grade  6 PARCC Sample Released Practice Math Test 2015

Grade  6 PARCC Math Test PDF PBA Practice Tests



Grade 5 PARCC Pearson Released Practice Math PBA Practice Tests PBA Practice Tests
Accommodated Screen Reader Version Braille ASCII File (.brf)

Grade 5 PARCC Math Test PDF EOY Practice Tests
Kindergarten
Kindergarten CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards Kindergarten
1st Grade
1st Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 1st Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 1st Grade M-Z
2nd Grade
2nd Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 2nd Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 2nd Grade M-Z
3rd Grade
3rd Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 3rd Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 3rd Grade M-Z
4th Grade
4th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 4th Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 4th Grade M-Z
5th Grade
5th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 5th Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 5th Grade M-Z
6th Grade
6th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 6th Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 6th Grade M-Z
7th Grade
7th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 7th Grade A thru M
Vocabulary Cards 7th Grade N thru Z
8th Grade
Secondary 1 Math
Secondary 1 CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards Secondary 1 A thru L
Vocabulary Cards Secondary 1 M thru Z
Secondary 1 Student Glossary
Math Vocabulary Word List
K-6 CCSS Vocabulary Word List
K-8 CCSS Vocabulary Word List

Common Core Math Vocabulary Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8


Common Core Math Vocabulary | Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8Common Core Math Glossary (pdf, 149kb)

Common Core Mathematical ContentThe Common Core Math Standards lay out the mathematics content and vocabulary concepts that should be learned at each grade level from kindergarten to Grade 8 (age 13-14), as well as the mathematics to be learned in high school. The Standards do not dictate any particular pedagogy or what order topics should be taught within a particular grade level. Mathematical content is organized in a number of domains. At each grade level there are several standards for each domain, organized intoclusters of related standards. There are four main domains to be taught from kindergarten (age 5-6) to fifth grade (age 10-11):

Operations and algebraic thinking;
Number and operations in base 10;
Measurement and data;
Geometry.In kindergarten, children also learn about counting and cardinality. In Grades 3 to 5, students learn about fractions.
In Grades 6 through 8 the four main domains students study are:

The number system;
Expressions and equations;
Geometry;
Statistics and probability.
The Common Core Math Standards mandate that eight principles of mathematical practice be taught:
Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
Model with mathematics.
Use appropriate tools strategically.
Attend to precision.
Look for and make use of structure.
Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
English/Language Arts Glossary of Terms
(pdf, 196kb)

Links to PDF Academic Word List

Oklahoma Academic Vocabulary Suggested Words and Terms Marzano based list
School Speak Word List
The Tennessee Academic Vocabulary Project


Academic Tier 3 Reading Glossary

PDF
Word Academic Tier 3 Mathematics Glossary

PDF
Word Academic Tier 3 Writing Glossary

PDF
WordAcademic Tier 3 English Language Arts Glossary

PDFAcademic Tier 3 History / Social Studies Glossary

PDF
Academic Tier 3 Science Glossary (Glossary at the end of the PDF doc,)

PDF

NWEA Academic Vocabulary
NWEA Academic Vocabulary
NWEA Reading Test Questions
CST and CAHSEE Academic Vocabulary

ISAT Reading Vocabulary List (Word) doc
ISAT Language Usage Vocabulary List (Word)
ISAT Math Vocabulary List (Word)

Math Unpacking StandardsKindergarten
(pdf, 6.7mb)
1st Grade
(pdf, 11.8mb)
2nd Grade
(pdf, 8.8mb)
3rd Grade
(pdf, 889kb)
4th Grade
(pdf, 1.4mb)
5th Grade Math
(pdf, 1.9mb)
6th Grade
(pdf, 2.1mb)
7th Grade
(pdf, 909kb)
8th Grade
(pdf, 1.9mb)
Algebra
(pdf, 229kb)
Functions
(pdf, 260kb)
Geometry
(pdf, 224kb)
Number and Quantity
(pdf, 294kb)
Statistics and Probability
(pdf, 181kb)


English Language Arts Unpacking StandardsKindergarten
(pdf, 276kb)
1st Grade
(pdf, 274kb)
2nd Grade
(pdf, 286kb)
3rd Grade
(pdf, 278kb)
4th Grade
(pdf, 282kb)
5th Grade
(pdf, 298kb)
6th Grade
(pdf, 315kb)
7th Grade
(pdf, 300kb)
8th Grade
(pdf, 340kb)
English I & II
(pdf, 303kb)
English III & IV
(pdf, 302kb)

Grade 5 PARCC Math Test PDF

Grade 5 PARCC Sample Released Practice Math Test 2015

Grade 5 PARCC Pearson Released Practice Math PBA Practice Tests PBA Practice Tests
Accommodated Screen Reader Version Braille ASCII File (.brf)

Grade 5 PARCC Math Test PDF EOY Practice Tests
Accommodated Screen Reader Version Braille ASCII File (.brf)-


Grade 5 PARCC Math Test PDF PBA Practice Tests

Math Vocabulary Cards All Grades
Kindergarten
Kindergarten CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards Kindergarten
1st Grade
1st Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 1st Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 1st Grade M-Z
2nd Grade
2nd Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 2nd Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 2nd Grade M-Z
3rd Grade
3rd Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 3rd Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 3rd Grade M-Z
4th Grade
4th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 4th Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 4th Grade M-Z
5th Grade
5th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 5th Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 5th Grade M-Z
6th Grade
6th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 6th Grade A-L
Vocabulary Cards 6th Grade M-Z
7th Grade
7th Grade CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards 7th Grade A thru M
Vocabulary Cards 7th Grade N thru Z
8th Grade
Secondary 1 Math
Secondary 1 CCSS Vocabulary Word List
Vocabulary Cards Secondary 1 A thru L
Vocabulary Cards Secondary 1 M thru Z
Secondary 1 Student Glossary
Math Vocabulary Word List
K-6 CCSS Vocabulary Word List
K-8 CCSS Vocabulary Word List

Common Core Math Vocabulary Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8


Common Core Math Vocabulary | Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8Common Core Math Glossary (pdf, 149kb)

Common Core Mathematical ContentThe Common Core Math Standards lay out the mathematics content and vocabulary concepts that should be learned at each grade level from kindergarten to Grade 8 (age 13-14), as well as the mathematics to be learned in high school. The Standards do not dictate any particular pedagogy or what order topics should be taught within a particular grade level. Mathematical content is organized in a number of domains. At each grade level there are several standards for each domain, organized intoclusters of related standards. There are four main domains to be taught from kindergarten (age 5-6) to fifth grade (age 10-11):

Operations and algebraic thinking;
Number and operations in base 10;
Measurement and data;
Geometry.In kindergarten, children also learn about counting and cardinality. In Grades 3 to 5, students learn about fractions.
In Grades 6 through 8 the four main domains students study are:

The number system;
Expressions and equations;
Geometry;
Statistics and probability.
The Common Core Math Standards mandate that eight principles of mathematical practice be taught:
Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
Model with mathematics.
Use appropriate tools strategically.
Attend to precision.
Look for and make use of structure.
Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
English/Language Arts Glossary of Terms
(pdf, 196kb)

Links to PDF Academic Word List

Oklahoma Academic Vocabulary Suggested Words and Terms Marzano based list
School Speak Word List
The Tennessee Academic Vocabulary Project


Academic Tier 3 Reading Glossary

PDF
Word Academic Tier 3 Mathematics Glossary

PDF
Word Academic Tier 3 Writing Glossary

PDF
WordAcademic Tier 3 English Language Arts Glossary

PDFAcademic Tier 3 History / Social Studies Glossary

PDF
Academic Tier 3 Science Glossary (Glossary at the end of the PDF doc,)

PDF

NWEA Academic Vocabulary
NWEA Academic Vocabulary
NWEA Reading Test Questions
CST and CAHSEE Academic Vocabulary

ISAT Reading Vocabulary List (Word) doc
ISAT Language Usage Vocabulary List (Word)
ISAT Math Vocabulary List (Word)

Math Unpacking StandardsKindergarten
(pdf, 6.7mb)
1st Grade
(pdf, 11.8mb)
2nd Grade
(pdf, 8.8mb)
3rd Grade
(pdf, 889kb)
4th Grade
(pdf, 1.4mb)
5th Grade Math
(pdf, 1.9mb)
6th Grade
(pdf, 2.1mb)
7th Grade
(pdf, 909kb)
8th Grade
(pdf, 1.9mb)
Algebra
(pdf, 229kb)
Functions
(pdf, 260kb)
Geometry
(pdf, 224kb)
Number and Quantity
(pdf, 294kb)
Statistics and Probability
(pdf, 181kb)


English Language Arts Unpacking StandardsKindergarten
(pdf, 276kb)
1st Grade
(pdf, 274kb)
2nd Grade
(pdf, 286kb)
3rd Grade
(pdf, 278kb)
4th Grade
(pdf, 282kb)
5th Grade
(pdf, 298kb)
6th Grade
(pdf, 315kb)
7th Grade
(pdf, 300kb)
8th Grade
(pdf, 340kb)
English I & II
(pdf, 303kb)
English III & IV
(pdf, 302kb)

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Grade 6-9 PARCC Reading TEST Prep CCSS

PARCC CCSS Reading and Writing Test Prep | Grade 6, 7, 8 and 9 PARCC Reading Test Passages and Writing Assessment Practice 

PARCC CCSS Reading ELA Test Prep Must Do's! 
  1. Repeated Tier 1 Academic Vocabulary Word Work 
  2. Vigorous Reading Fluency Practice
  3. Repeated Tier 2 Academic Vocabulary Word Work 
  4. Repeated Tier 3 Academic Vocabulary Word Work 
  5. Repeated readings of complex passages with close reading strategies, stem questions and Socratic Seminars
  6. Writing about reading to strengthen comprehension and deepen understanding of the structures of text
  7. Play Games that Build Reading ELA Background
Students that are failing to read or struggle to read, start shutting down and dropping out of school mentally as early as 1st grade. Reading Boot Camp shakes things up in a fast paced, novel way that is fun for all students. Reading Boot Camp uses fun summer camp ideas that create an atmosphere of cooperation and team building. The critical thinking learning structures or camp activities are designed to replace bad academic habits with positive academic habits. The fun, intense and rigorous cooperative learning structures used in the program are designed to maximize learning, academic listening and speaking, reduce behavior problems, and replaces poor academic habits with positive achievement. The kids have fun playing games, competing, exploring ideas, collaborating and truly having a camp experience while learning to be amazing readers and thinkers. Children thrive in the positive learning environment that is created, and after 20 days the positive behaviors are habit. Students learn to build social emotional intelligence, Socratic inquiry, positive interdependence and amazing academic achievement in a unique way that is reproducible in any classroom. 


Reading Boot Camp 6-8th Grade: 20 Minutes Mini Lesson
 Reading Fluency Goal 160 CWPM

Close Reading and Socratic Seminar Task: Rank the 3 most important ideas in the passage.
What is your hypothesis for the decline of Mycenaean culture? Write a thesis statement expressing a claim and counterclaim.

Mentor Text: Mycenaean Greece

The Proto-Greeks are assumed to have arrived in the Greek peninsula during the late 3rd to early 2nd millennium BC. The migration of the Ionians and Aeolians resulted in Mycenaean Greece by the 16th century BC. The transition from pre-Greek to Greek culture appears to have been rather gradual. Some archaeologists have pointed to evidence that there was a significant amount of continuity of prehistoric economic, architectural, and social structures, suggesting that the transition between the Neolithic, Helladic and early Greek cultures may have continued without major rifts in social hierarchy. 91 words

On Crete, however, the Mycenaean invasion of around 1400 BC spelled the end of the Minoan civilization. Mycenaean Greece is the Late Helladic Bronze Age civilization of Ancient Greece. It lasted from the arrival of the Greeks in the Aegean around 1600 BC to the collapse of their Bronze Age civilization around 1100 BC. It is the historical setting of the epics of Homer and of most Greek mythology. The Mycenaean period takes its name from the archaeological site Mycenae in the northeastern Argolid, in the Peloponnesos of southern Greece. Athens, Pylos, Thebes, and Tiryns are also important Mycenaean sites. 189 words

Mycenaean civilization was dominated by a warrior aristocracy. Around 1400 BC the Mycenaeans extended their control to Crete, center of the Minoan civilization, and adopted a form of the Minoan script called Linear A to write their early form of Greek. The Mycenaean era script is called Linear B. 240 words

The Mycenaeans buried their nobles in beehive tombs (tholoi), large circular burial chambers with a high vaulted roof and straight entry passage lined with stone. They often buried daggers or some other form of military equipment with the deceased. The nobility were often buried with gold masks, tiaras, armor and jeweled weapons. Mycenaeans were buried in a sitting position, and some of the nobility underwent mummification. 301 words

Around 1100 BC the Mycenaean civilization collapsed. Numerous cities were sacked and the region entered what historians see as a dark age. During this period Greece experienced a decline in population and literacy. The Greeks themselves have traditionally blamed this decline on an invasion by another wave of Greek people, the Dorians, although there is scant archaeological evidence for this view. 369 words

Tier 2 Word Review
Tier 3 Word Review
Keyword Outline
process • individual • specific • principle • estimate • variables • method • data • research • contract • environment • export • source •
archetype • omniscient • oxymoron • paradox • pathetic fallacy • standard English stereotype • symbolize • syntax •
  1. I. Thesis Statement
    II. Key Words
    III.


    IV.


    V.

Extensions: Complete a Keyword Outline and Rewrite the Article. Socratic Extension: All great civilizations eventually fall into decline. What is a counterargument for this thesis statement.


Reading Boot Camp 6-8th Grade: 20 Minutes Mini Lesson:
Reading Fluency Goal 160 CWPM

Close Reading and Socratic Seminar Task: Rank the 3 most important ideas in the passage.
What is your hypothesis for the wars between the Greek city-states? Write a thesis statement expressing a claim and counterclaim.

Classical Greece Mentor Text

"The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato." (Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality, 1929).
The basic unit of politics in Ancient Greece was the polis, sometimes translated as city-state. "Politics" literally means "the things of the polis". Each city was independent, at least in theory. Some cities might be subordinate to others (a colony traditionally deferred to its mother city), some might have had governments wholly dependent upon others (the Thirty Tyrants in Athens was imposed by Sparta following the Peloponnesian War), but the titularly supreme power in each city was located within that city. This meant that when Greece went to war (e.g., against the Persian Empire), it took the form of an alliance going to war. It also gave ample opportunity for wars within Greece between different cities.

Two major wars shaped the Classical Greek world. The Persian Wars (500–448 BC) are recounted in Herodotus's Histories. Ionian Greek cities revolted from the Persian Empire and were supported by some of the mainland cities, eventually led by Athens. The notable battles of this war include Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.)

To prosecute the war and then to defend Greece from further Persian attack, Athens founded the Delian League in 477 BC. Initially, each city in the League would contribute ships and soldiers to a common army, but in time Athens allowed (and then compelled) the smaller cities to contribute funds so that it could supply their quota of ships. Secession from the League could be punished. Following military reversals against the Persians, the treasury was moved from Delos to Athens, further strengthening the latter's control over the League. The Delian League was eventually referred to pejoratively as the Athenian Empire.

In 458 BC, while the Persian Wars were still ongoing, war broke out between the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League, comprising Sparta and its allies. After some inconclusive fighting, the two sides signed a peace in 447 BC. That peace, it was stipulated, was to last thirty years: instead it held only until 431 BC, with the onset of the Peloponnesian War. Our main sources concerning this war are Thucydides's History of the Peloponnesian War and Xenophon's Hellenica.

The war began over a dispute between Corcyra and Epidamnus. Corinth intervened on the Epidamnian side. Fearful lest Corinth capture the Corcyrean navy (second only to the Athenian in size), Athens intervened. It prevented Corinth from landing on Corcyra at the Battle of Sybota, laid siege to Potidaea, and forbade all commerce with Corinth's closely situated ally, Megara (the Megarian decree).

There was disagreement among the Greeks as to which party violated the treaty between the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues, as Athens was technically defending a new ally. The Corinthians turned to Sparta for aid. Fearing the growing might of Athens, and witnessing Athens' willingness to use it against the Megarians (the embargo would have ruined them), Sparta declared the treaty to have been violated and the Peloponnesian War began in earnest.

The first stage of the war (known as the Archidamian War for the Spartan king, Archidamus II) lasted until 421 BC with the signing of the Peace of Nicias. The Athenian general Pericles recommended that his city fight a defensive war, avoiding battle against the superior land forces led by Sparta, and importing everything needful by maintaining its powerful navy. Athens would simply outlast Sparta, whose citizens feared to be out of their city for long lest the helots revolt.

This strategy required that Athens endure regular sieges, and in 430 BC it was visited with an awful plague that killed about a quarter of its people, including Pericles. With Pericles gone, less conservative elements gained power in the city and Athens went on the offensive. It captured 300–400 Spartan hoplites at the Battle of Pylos. This represented a significant fraction of the Spartan fighting force which the latter decided it could not afford to lose. Meanwhile, Athens had suffered humiliating defeats at Delium and Amphipolis. The Peace of Nicias concluded with Sparta recovering its hostages and Athens recovering the city of Amphipolis.

Those who signed the Peace of Nicias in 421 BC swore to uphold it for fifty years. The second stage of the Peloponnesian War began in 415 BC when Athens embarked on the Sicilian Expedition to support an ally (Segesta) attacked by Syracuse and to conquer Sicily. Initially, Sparta was reluctant, but Alcibiades, the Athenian general who had argued for the Sicilian Expedition, defected to the Spartan cause upon being accused of grossly impious acts and convinced them that they could not allow Athens to subjugate Syracuse. The campaign ended in disaster for the Athenians.

Athens' Ionian possessions rebelled with the support of Sparta, as advised by Alcibiades. In 411 BC, an oligarchical revolt in Athens held out the chance for peace, but the Athenian navy, which remained committed to the democracy, refused to accept the change and continued fighting in Athens' name. The navy recalled Alcibiades (who had been forced to abandon the Spartan cause after reputedly seducing the wife of Agis II, a Spartan king) and made him its head. The oligarchy in Athens collapsed and Alcibiades reconquered what had been lost.

In 407 BC, Alcibiades was replaced following a minor naval defeat at the Battle of Notium. The Spartan general Lysander, having fortified his city's naval power, won victory after victory. Following the Battle of Arginusae, which Athens won but was prevented by bad weather from rescuing some of its sailors, Athens executed or exiled eight of its top naval commanders. Lysander followed with a crushing blow at the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 BC which almost destroyed the Athenian fleet. Athens surrendered one year later, ending the Peloponnesian War.

The war had left devastation in its wake. Discontent with the Spartan hegemony that followed (including the fact that it ceded Ionia and Cyprus to the Persian Empire at the conclusion of the Corinthian War (395–387 BC); see Treaty of Antalcidas) induced the Thebans to attack. Their general, Epaminondas, crushed Sparta at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC, inaugurating a period of Theban dominance in Greece. In 346 BC, unable to prevail in its ten-year war with Phocis, Thebes called upon Philip II of Macedon for aid. Macedon quickly forced the city states into being united by the League of Corinth which led to the conquering of the Persian Empire and the Hellenistic Age had begun.


Tier 2 Word Review
Tier 3 Word Review
Keyword Outline
circumstances • instance • considerable • sufficient • interaction • contribution • immigration • component • constraints • technical • emphasis • scheme document • registered • 
Irony, Juxtaposition, Label, Latin root, Link, Logic, Lyric, Manuscript form, Metaphor, Modifier, Mood, Narration, Observe, Ode,
  1. I. Thesis Statement
    II. Key Words
    III.

    IV.

    V.

Extensions: Complete a Keyword Outline and Rewrite the Article. Socratic Extension: War is a perpetual state for all growing civilizations. What is a counterargument for this thesis statement.


Friday, February 27, 2015

Grade 10 PARCC Reading Writing Test PDF

Grade 10 PARCC Pearson Released Practice Reading and Writing Test 2015!

Grade 10 PARCC Pearson Released Practice Reading and Writing PBA Practice Tests
Accommodated Screen Reader Version Braille ASCII File (.brf)

Grade 10 PARCC Pearson Released Practice Reading and Writing EOY Practice Tests
Additional Materials Grade 6-11 Generic Rubrics

Grade 9 PARCC Pearson Released Practice Reading and Writing Test 2015

Answer keys!

MATHEMATICS

Online PBA (Performance-Based Component) Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Algebra I Geometry Algebra II


Online EOY (End-of-Year) Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Geometry Algebra 1 Algebra 2
Guidance for Using the Released Traditional Pathway High School Practice Tests for the Integrated Mathematics Pathway

Paper PBA Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Algebra I Geometry Algebra II

Paper EOY Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Geometry Algebra 1 Algebra II

Informational Guides to the Summative Assessments in Mathematics
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8
Algebra I Geometry Algebra II Mathematics I Mathematics II Mathematics III

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS/LITERACY

Online PBA (Performance-Based Component) Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11

Online EOY (End-of-Year) Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11

Paper PBA Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11

Paper EOY Practice Test Answer Keys
Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11


Tier 1 Academic Vocabulary: Basic words that commonly appear in spoken language. Because they are heard frequently in numerous contexts and with nonverbal communication, Tier 1 words rarely require explicit instruction.Examples of Tier 1 words are clock, baby, happy and walk.

Tier 2 Academic Vocabulary: Less high frequency words used by mature language users across several academic content areas. Because of their lack of redundancy in oral language and their multiple meaning or descriptive nature, Tier 2 words present challenges to students who primarily meet them in print and on test. Examples of Tier 2 words are obvious, complex, establish and verify. Blooms and Webb's DOK verbs are integral to any successful reading instruction or intervention.
http://www.opsu.edu/www/education/BuildAcademicVoc.pdf
Tier 3 Academic Vocabulary: Low Frequency words that are not frequently used except in specific academic content areas or domains. Tier 3 words are central to building backgrounds knowledge and conceptual understanding within the various academic domains and should be integral to instruction of content. Medical, legal, biology and mathematics terms are all examples of these words.

Links to PDF Academic Word List                                                                                                     The Tennessee Academic Vocabulary ProjectNWEA MAP Test VOCABULARY for the Web-based MAP® system
Oklahoma Academic Vocabulary Suggested Words and Terms  Marzano based list
The Tennessee Academic Vocabulary Project Prepared for the State of Tennessee Department of Education by Marzano & Associates

Mr. Taylor's Kid Friendly Academic Vocabulary: Testing Words

Third Grade

atlas A book of maps or a book of tables, charts, pictures on one subject.
Mr. Taylor has a world atlas in his classroom.

abbreviation A shorter form of a word or phrase, i.e. AZ for Arizona. The abbreviation for the United States of America is U.S.A.

adverb A word that modifies a verb by identifying time, place, speed, etc. Quickly is an adverb in the sentence "Jose quickly finished his homework. "

antonyms A word opposite in meaning to another word. Cold is the antonym of hot.

apostrophe The mark used to show a letter or letters have been left out of a word or phrase or to show ownership. Example of letters left out: You've is short for "you have" and an apostrophe shows that "have" is missing two letters. Example of ownership: Mr. Taylor's class reads several books each year. Example of ownership: The apostrophe in the sentence "Mr. Taylor's class reads several books each year." shows the class belongs to Mr. Taylor.

bias One meaning of "bias" is to like or dislike one thing over another. Claudia has bias for chocolate over all other candy.

chronological order To arrange events in the order they occurred. In chronological order, our class has computer lab on Monday, music on Tuesday, gym on Wednesday, library on Thursday, and art on Friday.

complete sentence complete sentence includes at least a subject and a verb. "Claudia ran." is a complete sentence.

context clues Words, phrases or sentences around a new word that helps the reader make a logical guess about the meaning of the new word. Use context clues to figure out what a new word means.

contraction A word or phrase shortened by leaving out one or more letters or sounds.
"You'll" is the contraction of "you will."

compound word compound word is made when two words are joined to form a new word.
The words "shoe" and "string" are joined to form the compound word "Shoestring."

biography The history of a persons life. If you become famous, someone will write your biography.

describe To tell or write about something. Please describe your backpack.

declarative A sentence that makes a statement. "The earth is round." is a declarative sentence.

dictionary A book of alphabetically listed words with their meanings and other information.
Students need a dictionary when they go to college.

exclamatory A sudden, angry outcry; to cry out; shout; or speak suddenly in surprise, etc.
"Lillian, be quiet! shouted her mother is an exclamatory phrase.

fact Something that really happened; truth; actuality; things as they exist. It is a fact that the moon revolves around the earth.

fairy tale fairy tale is a type of short story with fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, dwarves, giants or gnomes, and usually magic or enchantments. The story "Jack and the Beanstalk" is a fairy tale.

folk tale A story or legend originating and traditional among a group of people (folk = people), especially one forming part of the spoken tradition of the everyday people. The stories about Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox are folk tales.

interrogative Asking a question. "Do you like chocolate ice cream?" is an interrogative.

index One meaning of "index" is an alphabetical list of names, subjects, etc., together with page numbers where they can be found--usually placed at the end of a book.
In this book, the index says there is information about the moon on pages 31 and 73.

instructions Education; teaching; lessons or a list of steps to be followed to complete an assignment.
(1) Every teacher at Rio Vista gives instructions to their students. (2) It is hard to use a TV remote without reading the instructions.

main characteristics The most important things that identify a person, plant, object--or anything in the universe. The main characteristics of most cars are four wheels, a body where the driver and passengers sit, a steering wheel, an engine, and headlights and taillights.

nonfiction Books and stories which only include real people, animals, plants, science, events, etc.
A book about birds in Tucson is a nonfiction book.

main idea The main idea of a passage or reading is the the most important thought or message. (In contrast to the term topic, which refers to the subject under discussion.) The main idea of Mr. Taylor's instructions is that it is important to follow directions.

multi-meaning words Words which have more than one meaning. Multi-meaning words will have the different meanings listed and numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.) in the dictionary.

opinion A person's belief based on what seems true, or probable; a person's judgment.
Many people have the opinion that French cooking is the best in the world.

organization A group of persons organized for some specific purpose, such as a club, business, team, etc. The Rio Vista band is an organization of students with an interest in music.

personal narrative A story that tells a story based on a personal experience of the writer.
Jasmine wrote a personal narrative about a trip to visit her grandmother.

plural More than one of something. The plural of bone is bones.

plot The arrangement of the main events in a book, story, poem, or film, also known as the "story line." The plot of most mysteries starts with a murder.

point of view A way of viewing things; an attitude or the position from which something is observed or considered; a standpoint. It is Mr. Taylor's point of view that students must be held responsible for completing their work.

possessive The form of a word that shows ownership. The possessive form of John is John's. For example, to say John owns the airplane, you would say "It is John's airplane."

predicate In a sentence, the verb (action word) or the verb and words that describe the verb.
"Runs fast" is the predicate in the sentence "Magaly runs fast."

prefix prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to change its meaning. In the word "unhappy," "un-" is the prefix.

prefixes Prefixes are placed at the beginning of words to change their meanings. The prefixes we will see often are "pre-" (before), "post-" (after), "un-" (opposite of), "anti-"(against), "hemi-" (half), "non-" (absence of), "out-" (exceeding), "trans-" (across), etc. The sentence "John was unhappy in preschool" has two prefixes.

punctuation (commas) Special marks in sentences or phrases that make the sentences or phrases easier to understand. Some common punctuation marks are: .  ,  '  ;  ?  ! The comma ( , ) tells where to pause or take a breath.

root word
A word that can start to build the meaning of many words.
"Corn" is the root word of : popcorn; cornflower; cornmeal; cornbread; and cornmeal: all the words mean something about corn.

run-on sentence run-on sentence is a sentence in which two or more independent clauses (i.e., complete sentences) are joined without appropriate punctuation ( ; ) or a conjunction (and, for, nor, but, or, yet and so). "Sydney and Sabrina were in the band Sydney played the saxophone Sabrina played percussion" is an example of  three run-on sentences.

introduction The introduction is at the beginning of a story and it tells you what the main idea(s) will be; it lets you "meet" the main idea. An introduction to your teacher lets you meet.

singular In grammar, the form of a word that says there is only one of something.
In the sentence "There was only one Juliana in the class, but there were two Gabriels," Juliana is singular and Gabriels is plural.

sign The word "sign" has many meanings. Among them are: to write your name (signature); a symbol with a specific meaning ( $ meaning dollars); and hand gestures that give information (sign language). When you vote in any election, you have to sign your name.

story elements (character, setting, plot) The who, what, where and why--the parts that make up a story. In Harry Potter, the main characters are Harry, Hermione, and Ron; the setting is Castle Hogwarts; and the plot is to learn to be wizards and keep Harry safe from Voldemort.

schedule The way things are planned to happen in our lives, schools, or work.
Sometimes Mr. Taylor's class schedules a trip to the gem and mineral show in February.

subject The person, place or thing that does the action in a sentence. In the sentence "Michael finished his report before lunch," "Michael" is the subject, and "finished" is the action (verb).

suffixes Letters or syllables added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Suffixes such as "-ish" and "-er" can be added to the word "small" to change its meaning to smallish and smaller.

summarize To state briefly; to shorten to its most important parts. Mr. Taylor asked us to summarize the first chapter of Harry Potter and the Sorcer's Stone.

supporting details They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph. What do they do? They give details to develop and help the reader better understand the topic sentence (main idea). If your topic sentence is "Harry Potter has a special wand," you could add supporting details about the wand, such as where he got it, what it's made of, and why it's a special wand.

synonyms Different words that have the same meaning. Synonyms of "bend" are curve and twist.

verb (types and functions) A word that in a sentence that  tells you the action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), or a state of being (be, exist, stand). In the sentence "Anthony ran his race and is now standing next to the track," "ran" (the action) and "standing" (state of being) are both verbs.

Fourth Grade

acronym A word that is made by putting together parts of other words. The word "radar" is an acronym that was built from "radio detecting and ranging" ( "ra  + d  +  a  +  r" ).

adjective A word or phrase that  modifies (describes) a noun. The word "brilliant" is an adjective in the sentence "Yatzari is a brilliant student".  "Brilliant" describes the noun "student".

adverb A word that Modifies (describes) a verb. "Suddenly" is an adverb in the sentence "Anthony suddenly remembered his homework assignment".  "Suddenly" describes the verb "remembered."

almanac A book that gives useful information about a particular subject;  sometimes published  in a month-by-month order. For example, a gardening almanac might tell when to plant different flowers and vegetables.

analogy A phrase or sentence that shows how different things may be alike in some ways.
"A human heart is like a pump" is an analogy.  The heart and pump are alike in one way:  they each pump something.

anthology A book that is a collection of different writers' works (essays, stories,  poems, etc.).
"Mr. Taylor had so many interesting stories to tell.  One day he was going to publish his collection as 'An Artist's Anthology.' "

antonym A word that has an opposite meaning. An antonym of  "hot"  is  "cold";  an antonym of  "fast"  is  "slow".

aphorism A short, clear, wise statement that tells an opinion or a saying that many people believe is true. An aphorism about a famous musician is the sentence "Irving Berlin has no place in American music - he IS American music."

audience (as listeners and readers) A group of people that gather to see or hear a performance  -  when the performance is an "out-loud" reading, the performers are the readers and the audience are the listeners. For example:  "Mr. Taylor and Maria were taking turns reading 'The Chamber of Secrets' to the class.  The audience was very quiet as the readers reached a scary part of the story."

author's purpose The reason for writing  - to inform, to question, to entertain. "Fernando worked hard on his first prompt.  His author's purpose was to entertain his readers with his funny story."

autobiography The story of someone's life, written by that person. "Mr. Taylor had given the students their first assignment of the year:  a one-page autobiography."

bibliography A list of the books and materials consulted;  appearing at the end of the text. 
"Leslie was sure to include her bibliography at the end of her science report."

brochure A booklet or pamphlet that describes a subject; often an advertisement.
"Mrs. Kuhn carefully read the brochure that announced the opening of the  University Science Fair."

caption A short description or title of an illustration in a text. "Gloria had written the caption  ' What I Want to be When I Grow Up ' under her drawing of a jet pilot ."

category A set of things that are grouped together because they have something in common.
"Eric had lots of homework to do.  Which category would he start with?  Reading, Writing, Science, Math ...? "

cause/effect characteristics Cause is the action that makes something happen;  Effect is the something that happens. "Sarah knocked over a glass of water onto her homework pages.  Knocking over the glass was the cause of soaking her homework.  Wet homework was the effect  of knocking over the glass."

conclusion The part that brings something to an end  OR a decision that is made after looking at all the facts. "Andrew thought the conclusion of ‘Harry Potter and The Chamber of Secrets‘ was really exciting!" "After much thought, Anthony came to the conclusion that  the answer to  the long division problem  was '286'  "
conjunction A connecting word that links sentences or words ("and",  "or",  "if",  "but" ...).
"David and Jose wanted to talk to Gage or Sam before school, but the bus was late."
Conjunctions in this sentence were "and",  "or",  and "but".

contest An organized test among entrants to find out which is best at doing something.
"On Tuesday there was a contest between the two fourth grades to see which class was best at playing cricket."

conversation A  talk with someone. "Mrs. Kuhn would have a conversation with the "Wheels in Motion" people to learn whether their contest would come to Rio Vista this year."

diary A book of a person's daily happenings and thoughts. "George Washington's diary was full of interesting things that happened before the United States became a nation."

double negatives  Using two negative forms together in a phrase or sentence;  not good English.
"I won't never use double negatives when I write a story!"

drama Works written for performance on stage, television, or radio;  usually serious subjects and manner of performance.  Sometimes anything that is not a comedy is called a drama.
The book “Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire” was dramatized into a movie.

drawing conclusions Reaching a conclusion, or a final decision, about something. 
"After Mr. Taylor sees the results of the test, he will be drawing conclusions on  on the next homework assignment."

encyclopedia A reference book or set of books giving much information on all areas or specialized areas of knowledge. "Jade, did you find 'Mount St. Helens' in the encyclopedia?"

fable A make-believe short story that teaches a moral, especially with animals as characters.
 In the fable “The Tales of Peter Rabbit“, a young rabbit has adventures and learns about the world.

genre A category of artistic works, based on form, style or subject matter.
For example, a detective novel is a genre of fiction.

index....Copied from 3rd and 5th

noun A word (or group of words) that names a person, place, or thing.
The sentence "Ellie quickly gathered up her books to fill her backpack ,"
contains three nouns.

making inferences Reaching a conclusion or decision from facts and reasoning. "Hector and Alexis were making inferences on the cost of their field trip by adding up their lunch expenses."

metaphor...Copied from 3rd and 5th

myth...Copied from 3rd and 5th

outline A rough plan of a written work or speech; a list of main points or features to be covered.
"Mr. Taylor's drew an outline of his chapter on the smart board."

possessive nouns Persons, places, or things that show ownership. In the sentence "Sally’s car is with yellow stripes,"  the possessive noun is  "Sally's" .

preposition A relation or function word  that connects a noun or pronoun to another part of a sentence ( "in", "by", "for", to", etc.). In the sentence "Steven hit the ball and ran for first base,"  the word "for" is a preposition that joins "first base" to the rest of the sentence.

pronoun A word that may be substituted for a noun ("I", "you", "them", "who", "ours", "he", "she", "anybody", etc.). "Adriana has been working hard on long division, and it has been worth the effort because she scored high on her math test!"  The three pronouns in this sentence are "it",  "she",  and "her".

proofread To check written work for errors and mark the changes to be made.
"Pedro just needed to proofread and correct his 'Read and Response' chapter, and he would be finished."

sentence fragment Words that do not form a complete sentence of subject and verb. "Mr. Taylor for the first time." is a sentence fragment because it has no verb.

simple predicate The verb or action word of a sentence or phrase, without words that modify the verb. "Ran" is the simple predicate of the sentence "Monique expertly ran the cotton candy booth for the Rio Vista's Fantasy Fair."

simile A figure of speech that compares two different things (often with "as" or "like") .
"Red as a beet" is a simile in the sentence "Tim's face was red as a beet."

simple subject The subject of the verb of a sentence, without words that modify the subject.
In the sentence "The shiny spotted horse frisked around the pasture," the word "horse" is the simple subject.

synonym A word that means the same, or almost the same, as another word.
The word "scholar"  is a synonym for "student".

tall tale A story with characters or happenings that are exaggerated or made bigger than real life.
"Pecos Bill" is a tall tale of a cowboy who could  do unbelievable  things, like rope a tornado with his lariat.

title page (parts of) A title page is a page at the beginning of a book that gives the book’s title, the author, and the publisher. The title, “HARRY POTTER AND THE SORCERER’S STONE”; the author, “J.K. ROWLING”; and the publisher, “Arthur A. Levine Books” all appear on the title page for the first Harry Potter book.

verb tense The form of a verb that shows not only the action, but when the action happens  (in the past, present, or future). In the sentence “ Mr. Taylor’s class will leave for lunch in 15 minutes”, the verb tense is future;  In the sentence “The class is leaving now”, the verb tense is present In the sentence “The class left,”  the verb tense is past.

Fifth Grade Reading and Language Arts Academic Vocabulary
Common Core State Standards: Tier 3 Vocabulary

alliteration Repeating the same sounds at the beginning of words for two or more words in a row.
Many men may meet monthly. Girls gladly go gliding.

caption (identify) A title, short explanation, or description accompanying an drawing or a photograph, or words on the bottom of television or movie. The caption under the picture read: "Mr. Taylor's 4th grade, 2011-12."

comparative A form of an adjective or adverb which compares one thing to another.
He is taller than his father. There is less water in Arizona than in Louisiana.

coordinating conjunctions Coordinating conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses.
The bowl of cereal is hot and delicious. (The coordinating conjunction is "and.")

excerpt A passage, quotation, or segment taken from a longer work, such as a literary or musical composition, a document, or a film. Mr. Taylor's Eclectic Spelling Book has excerpts from many books and poems. fiction books and stories that come from the imagination of the writer.
Novels, short stories, detective mysteries and science fiction are fiction.


foreshadowing Foreshadowing is the use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in the story. There are many examples of foreshadowing in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone.

glossary A list at the back of a book that explains or defines difficult or unusual words and expressions used in the book Nearly all the science books used at Rio Vista have a glossary in the back.

graphic organizer A graphic organizer is a you can use to help you plan what you're going to write.
Mr. Taylor does everything he can to get students to organize their thoughts using a graphic organizer before they start a writing.

homonym (also called a homophone)
Words that are spelled and pronounced the same way, but have different meanings.
The metal lead and the verb lead are homonyms.

hyperbole Extreme exaggeration or overstatement, especially in written work.
Adalberto used hyperbole when he told the class the fish he caught was big as a shark.

idiom An accepted expression in a given language that is not grammatically standard or cannot be understood from the meanings of its individual constituents. She heard is straight from the horse's mouth is an example of an idiom.

interjections Words, exclamations or phrases inserted into a sentence, often expressing an emotion.
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introductory paragraph The first paragraph of an article or student writing should be attention grabbing and make the reader want to finish the article or story. The introductory paragraph of an article on polar bears might get your attention by telling you that the estimated number of polar bears has grown from 5,000 to 25,000 between the 1950 and 2000.

labels Descriptive words applied to persons, groups or objects. Rio Vista Elementary School includes two labels: Elementary School tells you the level of the school; and Rio Vista is the name of a particular school.

magazine A publication, generally published on a regular schedule (weekly, twice-monthly, monthly, etc.) Time is a news magazine that has been published weekly for about 80 years.

main point The most important idea in a piece of writing. a speech or a lecture. The main point in Mr. Taylor's lecture was that students will be held responsible for completing their assignments.

moral A moral is the lesson (don't steal, don't cheat, be nice, etc.) to be learned from a story or event.
One moral in the Aesop's fable of the Tortoise and the Hare is that "slow and steady wins the race."

myth A traditional story that tries to explain nature (origin of man, disease, volcanoes, storms, floods, etc.) in which the main characters are gods and heroes. In one Greek myth Zeus, the most powerful god, was afraid his wife Metis would give birth to a god more powerful than he was, so he swallowed Metis.

main idea/stated and implied The main idea is the most important point in a piece of writing or a lecture. The main idea can be clearly explained (i.e., stated), or hinted at (i.e., implied).
The main idea of Mr. Taylor's Reading Boot Camp is stated to be improving student reading abilities so they can read to learn.

metaphor A metaphor is a figure of speech that uses an image or story represent an idea or quality.
Her eyes were glistening jewels is a metaphor.

narrative A narrative is a story that describes a series of fictional or non-fictional events.
Yatzari's narrative of her experience on the roller coaster held our attention.


narrator The character within a story who tells the story, or a person who tells the story to an audience. Alivia was the narrator for the 4th grade class play.

news Current events presented on TV, the internet, twitter, in newspapers or magazines, or shared by word of mouth. More people get their news from TV and the internet than from newspapers.

novel A novel is a long, fictional story. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone is a novel.


onomatopoeia A word that imitates the sound it describes. Cuckoo, hiccup, zoom, bang, beep, splash and vroom are examples of onomatopoeia.

parts of speech In grammar, categories of words.
Nouns and verbs are parts of speech.

personification Giving animals, objects or concepts human characteristics.
Cartoon animal characters who talk and act like humans are examples of personification.

persuade Convincing yourself or another to adopt an idea, attitude, or action using logic.
Sydney tried to persuade Frida to join the Rio Vista band.

persuasion A process of guiding another person to adopt an idea, attitude, or action using logic.
Isaac tried using persuasion to get Hector to play soccer.

purpose Purpose is a result, end, aim or goal of an action. The purpose of flash cards is to learn words by reading them over and over.

plot The order of events in a story. The plot of a novel or story deals with what happens to the main character.

point of view/perspective Writer's (or your) view of the world consisting of opinions, beliefs and experiences. It is Mr. Taylor's point of view/perspective that reading boot camp will improve your reading ability.

prompt In a writing assignment, the subject you are told to write about. "What I did during my summer vacation" used to be a common prompt the first day of a new school year.

punctuation marks (colon/semi-colon) Colon is the punctuation mark (:) used before a long quotation, explanation, example, or list of items. A semi-colon (;) is a punctuation mark used most often to separate closely related clauses in a sentence. Mr. Taylor expects at least three things from his students: 1) their attention; 2) completion of assignments; and 3) respect for other members of the class.

reference source A source of information, the most common of which are: a dictionary; an atlas; a thesaurus; the internet, etc. One reference source for my science project was the Encyclopedia Americana.

reference book A source of information in book form, such as a dictionary, encyclopedia, atlas or thesaurus. The best reference book for finding synonyms is the thesaurus.

reports To give information (usually written or spoken) about something (person, place, thing, theory, etc.) to other people. Our science reports are due in the spring.

resolution Resolution has many meanings, one of which is to set a personal goal.
Mr. Jones' New Year's resolution was to run a mile every day this year.

resource In education, a resource is something or someone that helps you learn.
The smart board is a resource that Mr. Taylor uses to get excited about learning.

root words ( as aids in determining meaning) The basic word upon which other words are formed.
The meaning of new words can often be determined by identifying the root word
The root word of saddlery is saddle, so I can guess that saddlery has something to do with saddles.

rhythm A regularly occurring physical motion or pattern of speech. Many poems have an interesting rhythm.

satire A method of criticizing people in which you make fun of their bad habits, abuses and shortcomings--usually with the goal of shaming them into improving.
Punch was a famous British humor magazine which used a great deal of satire.

simile A simile is a figure of speech that directly compares two different things, usually by using the words "like," "as," or "than." Cristian seemed to run as fast as a speeding bullet.

stanza In a poem, a grouping of lines set off by a space.
Here are two stanzas of a poem:

Mary had a little lamb,
little lamb, little lamb,
Mary had a little lamb,
whose fleece was white as snow.

And everywhere that Mary went,
Mary went, Mary went,
and everywhere that Mary went,
the lamb was sure to go.

summarize To restate, retell or paraphrase briefly. We summarize the main idea of each chapter in our writing journals.

summary A brief statement or account covering the main idea.
Each chapter summary in our writing journal must include at least five sentences.

superlative Superior to or better than all others, of highest quality or supreme, usually a using a word ending in -est. Mt. McKinley (Denali) is the highest mountain in North America.

thesaurus A reference containing synonyms and antonyms.
The thesaurus says synonyms for small include petite, little , wee, tiny and teeny.

Article From Wiki

The Academic Word List (AWL) was developed by Averil Coxhead at the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. The list contains 570 word families which were selected because they appear with great frequency in a broad range of academic texts. The list does not include words that are in the most frequent 2000 words of English (the General Service List), thus making it specific to academic contexts. The AWL was primarily made so that it could be used by teachers as part of a programme preparing learners for tertiary level study or used by students working alone to learn the words most needed to study at colleges and universities. The 570 words are divided into 10 sublists. The sublists are ordered such that the words in the first sublist are the most frequent words and those in the last sublist are the least frequent.

Academic Vocabulary Word List: Testing Vocabulary 

Sublist 1
sector • available • financial • process • individual • specific • principle • estimate • variables • method • data • research • contract • environment • export • source • assessment • policy • identified • create • derived • factors • procedure • definition • assume • theory • benefit • evidence • established • authority • major • issues • labour • occur • economic • involved • percent • interpretation • consistent • income • structure • legal • concept • formula • section • required • constitutional • analysis • distribution • function • area • approach • role • legislation • indicate • response • period • context • significant • similar •

Sublist 2
community • resident • range • construction • strategies • elements • previous • conclusion • security • aspects • acquisition • features • text • commission • regulations • computer • items • consumer • achieve • final • positive • evaluation • assistance • normal • relevant • distinction • region • traditional • impact • consequences • chapter • equation • appropriate • resources • participation • survey • potential • cultural • transfer • select • credit • affect • categories • perceived • sought • focus • purchase • injury • site • journal • primary • complex • institute • investment • administration • maintenance • design • obtained • restricted • conduct •

Sublist 3
comments • convention • published • framework • implies • negative • dominant • illustrated • outcomes • constant • shift • deduction • ensure • specified • justification • funds • reliance • physical • partnership • location • link • coordination • alternative • initial • validity • task • techniques • excluded • consent • proportion • demonstrate • reaction • criteria • minorities • technology • philosophy • removed • sex • compensation • sequence • corresponding • maximum • circumstances • instance • considerable • sufficient • corporate • interaction • contribution • immigration • component • constraints • technical • emphasis • scheme • layer • volume • document • registered • core •

Sublist 4
overall • emerged • regime • implementation • project • hence • occupational • internal • goals • retained • sum • integration • mechanism • parallel • imposed • despite • job • parameters • approximate • label • concentration • principal • series • predicted • summary • attitudes • undertaken • cycle • communication • ethnic • hypothesis • professional • status • conference • attributed • annual • obvious • error • implications • apparent • commitment • subsequent • debate • dimensions • promote • statistics • option • domestic • output • access • code • investigation • phase • prior • granted • stress • civil • contrast • resolution • adequate •

Sublist 5
alter • stability • energy • aware • licence • enforcement • draft • styles • precise • medical • pursue • symbolic • marginal • capacity • generation • exposure • decline • academic • modified • external • psychology • fundamental • adjustment • ratio • whereas • enable • version • perspective • contact • network • facilitate • welfare • transition • amendment • logic • rejected • expansion • clause • prime • target • objective • sustainable • equivalent • liberal • notion • substitution • generated • trend • revenue • compounds • evolution • conflict • image • discretion • entities • orientation • consultation • mental • monitoring • challenge •
Sublist 6
intelligence • transformation • presumption • acknowledged • utility • furthermore • accurate • diversity • attached • recovery • assigned • tapes • motivation • bond • edition • nevertheless • transport • cited • fees • scope • enhanced • incorporated • instructions • subsidiary • input • abstract • ministry • capable • expert • preceding • display • incentive • inhibition • trace • ignored • incidence • estate • cooperative • revealed • index • lecture • discrimination • overseas • explicit • aggregate • gender • underlying • brief • domain • rational • minimum • interval • neutral • migration • flexibility • federal • author • initiatives • allocation • exceed •

Sublist 7
intervention • confirmed • definite • classical • chemical • voluntary • release • visible • finite • publication • channel • file • thesis • equipment • disposal • solely • deny • identical • submitted • grade • phenomenon • paradigm • ultimately • extract • survive • converted • transmission • global • inferred • guarantee • advocate • dynamic • simulation • topic • insert • reverse • decades • comprise • hierarchical • unique • comprehensive • couple • mode • differentiation • eliminate • priority • empirical • ideology • somewhat • aid • foundation • adults • adaptation • quotation • contrary • media • successive • innovation • prohibited • isolated •

Sublist 8
highlighted • eventually • inspection • termination • displacement • arbitrary • reinforced • denote • offset • exploitation • detected • abandon • random • revision • virtually • uniform • predominantly • thereby • implicit • tension • ambiguous • vehicle • clarity • conformity • contemporary • automatically • accumulation • appendix • widespread • infrastructure • deviation • fluctuations • restore • guidelines • commodity • minimises • practitioners • radical • plus • visual • chart • appreciation • prospect • dramatic • contradiction • currency • inevitably • complement • accompany • paragraph • induced • schedule • intensity • crucial • via • exhibit • bias • manipulation • theme • nuclear •

Sublist 9
bulk • behalf • unified • commenced • erosion • anticipated • minimal • ceases • vision • mutual • norms • intermediate • manual • supplementary • incompatible • concurrent • ethical • preliminary • integral • conversely • relaxed • confined • accommodation • temporary • distorted • passive • subordinate • analogous • military • scenario • revolution • diminished • coherence • suspended • mature • assurance • rigid • controversy • sphere • mediation • format • trigger • qualitative • portion • medium • coincide • violation • device • insights • refine • devoted • team • overlap • attained • restraints • inherent • route • protocol • founded • duration •

Sublist 10
whereby • inclination • encountered • convinced • assembly • albeit • enormous • reluctant • posed • persistent • undergo • notwithstanding • straightforward • panel • odd • intrinsic • compiled • adjacent • integrity • forthcoming • conceived • ongoing • so-called • likewise • nonetheless • levy • invoked • colleagues • depression • collapse •
http://simple.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary:Academic_word_list