Sunday, December 18, 2016


Progress Monitoring IEP, ISP, SST/SAP and RtI Goals and Objectives. 1st Quarter. 2nd Quarter. 3rd Quarter. 4th Quarter.

Ongoing quarterly progress monitoring is the key to helping all students succeed and make great gains! Closing the achievement gap starts with SMART goals and instructional practices that match the learning goals and objectives! Students that struggle academically have gaps in literacy, numeracy, language, word knowledge, and communication. SST/SAP, ISP, IEP, and RtI all rely on quality formative progress monitoring. Educating your staff and parents about progress monitoring procedures and the requirements is the first step in helping students, teachers, and parents succeed.

IEP: The 'Individualized Education Program, also called the IEP, is
a document that is developed for each public school child who needs special education. The IEP is created through a team effort, reviewed periodically. In the United States, this program is known as an Individualized Education Program (IEP).

RtI: Response to Intervention (RTI) is a multi-tier intervention that identifies and supports students with learning and behavior needs.

SST: The Student Success Team (SST) is a problem-solving team that looks for ways to support students and families.

ISP: The Individual Success Plan helps participants remove obstacles and create a clear academic pathway, positively impacting student success.

IDEA Progress Monitoring Procedures

Sharon Hawthorne 515-281-3946
According to IDEA and State Rules, progress monitoring procedures must be established for each goal.
Progress Monitoring is the method of formative assessment used to measure student’s progress toward meeting a goal.  Progress Monitoring procedures guide how data will be collected in order to make instructional decisions about the progress of the student and establish a decision making plan for examining the data collected.
Progress monitoring assists the teacher or service provider in making ongoing instructional decisions about the strategies being used.  It also provides summative evidence that enables the IEP team to determine whether the student has achieved his or her goals.
Monitoring Progress on IEP Goals
Monitoring progress on IEP goals is described on the goal page in the Progress Monitoring Procedures.  It must include the following:
·                 How progress will be measured?
·                 How often progress will be monitored?
·                 When changes in instruction will be considered?
IEP teams need to consider the measure used to determine the baseline performance and the goal criterion.  The measure used for the baseline and goal criterion will determine the measure for progress monitoring.
Baseline – Given a fifth grade level reading passage, George reads the passage and answers 10 comprehension questions with 10% accuracy.
Annual Measurable Goal – In 36 weeks, given a fifth grade level reading passage, George will read the passage and answer 10 comprehension questions with 90% accuracy on three consecutive data collection dates.
Progress Monitoring Procedures – Once a week George will be given a fifth grade level reading passage to read and ten comprehension questions to answer. The classroom teacher will collect and chart the outcome each week. If four consecutive data points fall below the expected growth line changes in instruction will be considered.
How will progress be monitored?
When explaining how progress will be monitored, the IEP team must include an explanation of how the student will be demonstrating skills and knowledge
In the following example of a progress monitoring procedure, the bolded portion states how progress will be monitored:
Once a week George will be given a fifth grade level passage to read and ten comprehension questions to answer. The classroom teacher will collect and chart the outcome each week. If four consecutive data points fall below the expected growth line changes in instruction will be considered.
How often will progress be monitored?
The IEP team must describe how often a student’s progress will be monitored. Monitoring of IEP goals must be done frequently and regularly.
In the following example of a progress monitoring procedure, the bolded passage states how often progress will be monitored:
Once a week George will be given a fifth grade level passage to read and ten comprehension questions to answer. The classroom teacher will collect and chart the outcome each week. If four consecutive data points fall below the expected growth line changes in instruction will be considered.
When will changes in instruction be considered?
The IEP team must include a statement describing when changes in instruction will be considered.
In the following example of a progress monitoring procedure, the bolded passage states when changes in instruction will be considered.

Once a week George will be given a fifth grade level passage to read and ten comprehension questions to answer. The classroom teacher will collect and chart the outcome each week. If four consecutive data points fall below the expected growth line changes in instruction will be considered.
Monitoring Effectiveness of Instruction
Seven to 12 data points are required to make instructional decisions that are statistically valid.  So, in order to have sufficient data points to make a valid instructional decision, data must be collected regularly and frequently.  Behavior data is often collected daily, where academic data is usually collected only once a week.  Anything monitored only monthly would require the whole year in order to make a valid decision.
If progress is monitored daily, effectiveness of instruction may be determined after 2 weeks. (10 data points)
If progress is monitored twice a week, effectiveness of instruction may be determined after 1 month. (8 data points)
If progress is monitored once a week, effectiveness of instruction may be determined within 1 quarter (9 data points).
If progress is monitored quarterly, every 9 weeks, effectiveness of instruction may not be determined, even after a year (4 data points).
Characteristics of Effective Progress Monitoring
·                 Measures the behavior outlined in the goal
·                 Uses an equivalent measure each time
·                 Regular and frequent data collection
·                 Easy to implement
·                 Takes only a short amount of time from instruction
·                 Allows for analysis of performance over time
What methods will be used to collect data?
·                 Student products
·                 Direct observations protocols (rubric, point sheet, etc)
Baseline must be established using the measurement of the student’s performance that you expect by the end of the goal period.  The same measurement using equivalent materials or procedures must be used throughout the monitoring process.
Who will be responsible for the data collection?
Data collection is usually the responsibility of the teacher or direct service provider, however a paraeducator, under the direction of the teacher or service provider, can be trained to collect the data.
Baseline Data
What is baseline data?
Baseline data is stable data that represents the median (middle) score of at least 3 measures.  It is collected in appropriate settings within a relatively short period of time.
Baseline data represents the current level of performance at the beginning of the IEP implementation.  It is the starting point of the goal line on a graph.
Why put data on a graph?
·                 Creates documentation and a visual representation of the student’s learning
·                 Provides an easily understood method of showing progress
·                 Provides information to make decisions regarding the effectiveness of the chosen strategies
·                 Helps predict learning rate

Saturday, December 10, 2016

ppt Building Vocabulary and Language [PPT]

Search Results

Teaching and using rich academic vocabulary in daily lessons increases students language skills, academic achievement, and reading comprehension! Closing the language and word gap is the priority of every teacher that instructs at risk students! Word poverty is the biggest hindrance to school and learning success. Students with limited language and word knowledge will not engage or connect fully with curriculum. Basal reading programs and curriculum will not expose students to academic language at a frequency that students will learn or understand its use and meaning. 

[PPT]Vocabulary: theory, research, and promising practices
Speaking vocabulary; Listening vocabulary; Reading vocabulary; Writing ... new words, thus adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.

[PPT]Wednesday, June 6th: Vocabulary
5:30-5:45 Academic Vocabulary PowerPoint Presentation ... meanings of words from context is an excellent strategy for learning second language vocabulary. 3.

[PPT]PowerPoint Presentation - Oregon Reading First Center
The presentation will focus on providing teachers with strategies both within their ... Guidelines for ELL Instruction: Vocabulary Development and Oral Language.

[PPT]PowerPoint Presentation - Building Vocabulary
Building Vocabulary. A research-informed, classroom-tested strategy for pre-teaching critical words. The limits of my language are the limits of my mind.

[PPT][.PPT] Vocabulary Building
Oct 5, 2009 - Use the Library to find other resources for building your vocabulary. Bookstores have “Word for Today” calendars, crossword puzzles, and vocabulary word card boxes. 6. USE your words from time to time in conversations.

[PPT]PowerPoint Presentation - Building Vocabulary
Determine critical terms to be explicitly taught. Keep the list short. Teach students meaningful work parts- prefixes, suffixes, and roots (handouts sent). Students must participate actively and accountably in explicit vocabulary instruction to process words more deeply. Reinforce use of vocabulary multiple times.
[PPT]Building Vocabulary ppt
Building Vocabulary. Cindy Gwinn. Staff Development. Fun With Words! The man who recently fell into an upholstery machine is now fully recovered. Dictionary ...
[PPT]Building Vocabulary (Gunning)
Higher-level Texts Use Challenging Vocabulary; Need Increases as Students Progress ... BuildingExperiential Background; Relating Vocabulary to Background ...
Building Vocabulary for Better Literacy. Literacy. Toolkit. Activity 1: Spend 2-3 minutes teaching each other a new word –. Do NOT write your new word down.
Themes or general categories of effective vocabulary instruction ... Present a way for students to interact with the word to initiate building connections to their ...
[PPT]Building Vocabulary
Vocabulary is the body of words known by the speaker of a language. Receptive vocabulary is the word meanings recognized in context. Expressive vocabulary ...
[PPT]Using Academic Vocabulary to Increase Student Achievement
Using Academic Vocabulary Strategies to Increase Student Achievement. Presented by: .... BuildingAcademic Vocabulary Six Step Process for Teaching New ...

native language vs. foreign language;. developing writing skills;; teaching vocabulary. A person's proficiency in a language refers to the degree to which that ...

[PPT]Downloadable PowerPoint - Florida Center for Reading Research
Oral language skills (vocabulary, linguistic comprehension). Extent of conceptual and factual knowledge. Knowledge and skill in use of cognitive strategies to ...

[PPT]PowerPoint Presentation - OWL
An idiom is a group of words that is language specific and that does not ... one of which is about vocabulary and appropriate language in academic writing.

[PPT]Graves on Vocabulary (PPT)
Petty, Herold, and Stoll on the Importance of Vocabulary (1967) ... Language and reading both act as the tools of thought to bring representation to a new level ...

[PPT]Academic Language Webinar - PowerPoint slides ... -
Understanding the Role of Academic Language within Literacy Development and ... Vocab, syntax and discourse are the tools used to accomplish the language ...

Monday, December 5, 2016

Tier 2 Academic Vocabulary Test Vocabulary

Tier 2 Academic “Question” Vocabulary and Phrases Test Analysis for Grade 4 and 5

Students will fail all or most TerraNova, STAAR, SAT, FCAT,
PARCC, SBAC Smarter Balance, and Common Core reading assessment if they do not understand the tier 2 academic vocabulary and phrasing used on reading comprehension test questions! 

This is a quick look at the tier 2 vocabulary found in grade 4 and 5 reading assessment. 

facts, figures ”data”, statement, supports, phrase, detail, demonstrate, suggest, summarizes, function, evidence, structural elements, opposite, react, provides evidence, character trait, quotation, theme[s], explanation, explains, mainly organized, article, structure in the answer, difference between, best describes, understand the meaning, statements describe, main idea, best summary, best supports, events, phrase best describes, main character[s], main theme, article provides evidence, key details, which two sentences, include, author uses evidence, which evidence, narrator’s, contribute, comparison, phrase...mean, overall structure, refer, main difference between, which two details, narrator’s point of view, influence the events, provide overall structure of the passage, two main ideas, which two quotations, select two details, two pieces of evidence, challenge, most influence, narrator’s point of view, statement explains, provides support, expresses the main idea, provides evidence, author used evidence, main reason, narrator’s attitude towards, gradual change, development of the plot, similar way, statement expresses theme, according to the author, central idea, author’s primary purpose, author makes the claim, main strategy, develop the claim, supports the idea, choose a central idea, which piece of evidence, intend to support, best states a theme, which option describes, as it is used, relationship between, author develops … point of view, and emphasize a common central idea.

Grade 3 Tier II Vocabulary Word List

Word: Additional
Meaning: Add; more; extra.
Example: The salesman told Mr. Taylor that this iPhone 9 will cost him an additional amount of 150$.

Word: Agreeable
Meaning: willing or ready to agree or permission
Example: This type of furniture is more agreeable than the fancy one which is quite expensive.

Word: Argue
Meaning: to present reasons for or against a thing
Example: Celena wasn't going to argue with him because she knew he ate her chocolates.

Word: Arrange
Meaning: to place in proper, desired, or convenient order
Example: You may stay in the room with your daughter while I arrange the lunch.

Word: Assist
Meaning: to give support, aid or to help
Example: Do you want me to assist you in completing this assignment?

Word: Attract
Meaning: to get the admiration, attention by physical or emotional forces.
Example: This pink watch will definitely attract Sara because of its color and appearance.

Word: Careless
Meaning: not giving much attention to work or something
Example: The loss resulting from careless work is very serious.

Word: Cause
Meaning: a thing that acts, happens, or exists due to something
Example: We all serve the same cause of protecting those who are weaker than us.

Word: Climate
Meaning: weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year
Example: The climate of Pakistan is very appropriate to grow crops.

Word: Coast
Meaning: the land next to the sea; seashore
Example: He lived up the coast in a cottage.

Word: Compare
Meaning: to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences
Example: I always used to compare my grades with Allen.

Word: Construct
Meaning: to build, form, or create by fitting parts or elements together systematically
Example: He tried to construct his own house within four months.

Word: Continent
Meaning: One of the major land masses or areas of the earth, usually regarded as Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
Example: There are total seven continents of the world.

Word: Contrast
Meaning: to compare in order to show differences between two objects, people or places
Example: There is an amazing contrast between clouds and the clear blue sky.

Word: Credit
Meaning: 1. to give honor or respect to someone
   2. to give money back to an account or having an amount of money in an account
Examples 1: The credit goes to all the team members who played really well throughout the game.
Examples 2: He did all the shopping through his credit card.

Word: Culture
Meaning: a particular set of customs, morals, ethics and traditions from a specific time and place
Example: People have learnt a lot from the culture of ancient Greek civilization.

Word: Dangle
Meaning: to hold something so that it hangs and swings loosely
Example: The child dangled the doll by its arm.

Word: Defend
Meaning: 1. to guard from attack; keep from harm or danger; to protect
    2. to protect (a goal, etc.) against scoring by an opponent
    3. to support, maintain, or justify
Example: 1. The American army knows how to defend their country.
  2. Germany defended quite strongly against Brazil in the final match.
  3. Eric will defend the case of his brother in the criminal court.

Word: Describe
Meaning: to give details about something to someone.
Example: The teacher asked the students to describe their personalities in their own Words.

Word: Details
Meaning: to describe or give information about something
Example: He provided all the details of the task to me carefully.

Word: Develop
Meaning: 1. to grow or to become more advanced
    2. to cause something to grow, or to build improvements on land
Example: 1. To develop yourself, you need to bring some serious changes in your lifestyle.
2. The government has promised to develop the transportation system more convenient for          
     the public.

Word: Diagram
Meaning: a graph, chart, drawing or plan that explains something by showing how the parts relate to each other.
Example: The teacher explained the digestive system with the help of a diagram.

Word: Disappointed
Meaning: to let someone down or fail to fill his expectations for you.
Example: He disappointed his parents by getting involved in a crime.

Word: Division
Meaning: to divide; separation; distribution or partitioning
Example: The country was divided into four different provinces.

Word: Effect
Meaning: Effect is defined as a result of something or the ability to bring about a result.
Example: Her statement had a surprising effect on Dean.

Word: Elect
Meaning: The definition of elect is chosen, but not necessarily acting in the position yet.
Example: The higher management will elect the new Class Representative very soon.

Word: Endangered
Meaning: in danger, at risk, said of something where there is a strong possibility something bad will happen to it.
Example: A strange viral disease has endangered the lives of those living in the town.

Word: Event
Meaning: The definition of an event is something that takes place.
Example: Michael Jackson will perform in the grand event in Paris this year.

Word: Examine:
Meaning: Examine is defined as to analyze, inspect or carefully study.
Example: The doctor will examine the patient in an hour.

Word: Example
Meaning: 1. Example is defined as something or someone that is used as a model.
2. The definition of Example is a punishment that warns others to follow rules.
Example: 1. The teacher gave students an Example of solar system to help them understand the term ‘rotation’.
2. That serious road accident became an Example for all other kids in the neighborhood.

Word: Experience
Meaning: Experience is defined as something that happens to someone.
Example: He has literally learnt from his past experience of driving rashly on highway.

Word: Fatal
Meaning: The definition of fatal is something that causes death or that leads to failure or disaster.
Example: The polluted water being used for drinking in rural areas is fatal for human health.

Word: Flexible
Meaning: The definition of flexible is someone or something that bends easily, is easily persuaded or can be changed easily.
Example: A rubber band is far more flexible than a spring.

Word: Furious
Meaning: The definition of furious is full of anger or rage.
Example: The man got furious when he saw his car hit by a truck.

Word: Gathered
Meaning: Gather is defined as to bring or come together in one place.
Example: Everyone in the neighborhood gathered on the streets after they felt a terrible earthquake.

Word: Gist
Meaning: a central idea or the main point
Example: Equality must have been the gist of his speech.

Word: Infer
Meaning: Infer is defined as to conclude from evidence or assumptions.
Example: We should infer that the details in the document were all approved by the company.

Word: Intelligent
Meaning: The definition of intelligent is someone or something that is bright, informed or shows sound judgment.
Example: He considered to be an intelligent student in the class due to his strong ability of solving mathematical problems.

Word: Invitation
Meaning: The definition of an invitation is a request for a person's attendance at an event.
Example: He sent an invitation of his birthday party to all the relatives.

Word: Irritate
Meaning: The definition of irritate is to exaggerate or annoy, or to cause itchiness or discomfort in or on the body.
Example: The constant noise in the factory irritate the workers all day.

Word: Marine
Meaning: Marine is defined as something related to water or the sea.
Example: The life of marine animals is totally different from those living on land.

Word: Mend
Meaning: To mend is defined as to fix or repair, or to get better or resolve a disagreement.
Example: The carpenter told that it is easier to mend instead of replacing it altogether.

Word: Multiply
Meaning: to increase in number, amount, extent, or degree.
Example: The army decided to multiply the number of troops sent for war.

Word: Nervous
Meaning: The definition of nervous is fearful, frightened or anxious.
Example: She felt nervous after hearing the sad news on the television.

Word: Occur
Meaning: To occur is to happen or to be found.
Example: It was expected that the road accident will occur sooner or later.

Word: Opposite
Meaning: Opposite is someone or something that is the reverse of something else.
Example: These brothers are quite opposite to each other in studies.

Word: Passage
Meaning: Passage is moving through something, being granted permission to move through something.
Example: The passage along the park was quite narrow.

Word: Patient
Meaning: 1. The definition of patient is waiting calmly for long.
2. Patient is defined as someone under medical care.
Example: 1. The trainer told the team to be patient and confident during the competition.
2. The old man was a patient of asthma since last two years.

Word: Peer
Meaning: 1. a person or thing of the same rank, value, quality, ability, etc.
2. To peer is defined as to look closely or intently at something that may difficult to see.
Example: 1. Young children are easily influenced by their peers.
2. She pulled the wardrobe open and turned to peer over her shoulder.

Word: Persuade
Meaning: The definition of persuade is to convince someone to do or think something.
Example: He thought that he will persuade his father to get him a new car.

Word: Pleasant
Meaning: The definition of pleasant is someone or something that is agreeable, enjoyable or likable.
Example: The weather of Los Angeles is quite pleasant since last couple of weeks.

Word: Prank
Meaning: a mischievous trick or practical joke
Example: People usually make prank calls to annoy others.

Word: Predict
Meaning: The definition of predict is to say what will happen in the future.
Example: Many people were able to predict the winner of the final match in the World Cup.

Word: Purpose
Meaning: Purpose is defined as to plan or aim to do something; the reason behind doing something
Example: His purpose for flying back too early was just to attend the funeral of his grandmother.

Word: Recognize
Meaning: Recognize is defined as to identify someone or something known before.
Example: He will definitely recognize you in the next meeting as his memory is quite sharp.

Word: Region
Meaning: a large part of the surface of the earth
Example: Few years ago, that region was purely suitable for agriculture purposes.

Word: Repair
Meaning: To repair is defined as to fix something.
Example: He knew that the mechanic will repair the car in an hour.

Word: Ridiculous
Meaning: The definition of ridiculous is something that clearly can't be true, and that is as silly or foolish as to be worth making fun of.
Example: It was ridiculous to live in a five bedroom house especially when you need only two bedrooms.

Word: Scar
Meaning: The definition of a scar is a mark left on the skin after it heals, or a sign of mental or physical damage.
Example: There was a huge scar on the left cheek of his face which makes him look ugly.

Word: Scatter
Meaning: To scatter is to spread something around in different directions or different places.
Example: The toys were left scattered on the floor after the birthday party.

Word: Shiver
Meaning: Shiver is defined as to shake or tremble.
Example: She used to shiver a lot in cold weather conditions.

Word: Signal
Meaning: 1. Signal is defined as to communicate or indicate.
2. in radio, television, cell phones, etc., the electrical impulses, sound or picture elements, etc. transmitted or received
Example: 1. There are different kinds of traffic signals on the roads in each country.
2. There were no signals on the cell phone during his flight to London.

Word: Similar
Meaning: The definition of similar is two things that have characteristics that resemble each other but are not exactly alike.
Example: The two statues in the mart looked quite similar to each other.

Word: Slumber
Meaning: The definition of a slumber is a deep sleep.
Example: She fell into a deep slumber soon after she went to bed after a tiring day.

Word: Solution
Meaning: The solution is the method of solving a problem or the correct answer to a puzzle, problem or difficult situation.
Example: He was quite quick in finding the solution of the problem in the class.

Word: Starve
Meaning: Starve is defined as to die or suffer from hunger, or to have an intense want for something.
Example: Most of the animals in jungle either starve or get killed.

Word: Stumble
Meaning: The definition of a stumble is an act of making a minor mistake or of tripping or missing your step while running or walking.
Example: After that serious injury, he used to stumble while walking.

Word: Tackle
Meaning: To tackle is to take something or someone on or to stop someone from moving forward with a ball in a sporting game.
Example: He knew how to tackle the ball so it was quite difficult for the opponents to score.

Word: Tentacle
Meaning: The definition of a tentacle is a flexible arm used to touch and grab things, or the sensitive hairs on a plant leaf.
Example: The biologists tried hard to study the tentacles of the unique plant they found under water.

Word: Typical
Meaning: The definition of typical is a characteristic or behavior that is normal and expected for a given person or thing or in a given situation.
Example: Alex used to have a typical irritating attitude in the class.

Word: Unite
Meaning: Unite is defined as to join or bring together.
Example: There is always one friend who loves to unite everyone on special occasions. 

Word: Unusual
Meaning: The definition of unusual is something rare or out of the ordinary.
Example: It was quite unusual for him to do over speeding.

Word: Valuable
Meaning: The definition of valuable is something that is worth a lot, either in terms of money or in terms of being useful or loved.
Example: Museums usually contain precious and valuable items.

Word: Vehicle
Meaning: The definition of a vehicle is a type of transportation or a way that something is conveyed.
Example: Andy loved to see different vehicles on the roads when he was a kid.

Word: Volunteer
Meaning: The definition of a volunteer is a person who donates his time or efforts for a cause or organization without being paid.
Example: I used to volunteer a lot for various charity events in my neighborhood.

Grade 4 Tier II Vocabulary Word List

Word: Accomplish 
Meaning: 1. to do; succeed in doing; complete (a task, time, or distance)
2. to make complete; perfect
Example: 1. I'll accomplish this via a blind trust so you will remain unknown, even to me.
2. You've demonstrated your abilities and yet you've restricted your activities to accomplish a specific good, at no small risk to yourselves, I might add.

Word: Adaptation
Meaning: to make it suitable to a different situation.
Example: A wheelchair ramp built into a minivan is an Example of an adaptation.

Word: Approached 
Meaning: to reach out
Example: She stared out the windows at the telephone poles as they approached and sped off in a blur.

Word: Argued 
Meaning: to verbally disagree with someone
Example: He argued with his mom over the lunch menu.

Word: Automatically 
Meaning: moving or starting independently or without thought.
Example: the car started automatically

Word: Avoid
Meaning: to keep away from
Example: Please avoid foul language

Word:  Border 
Meaning: the outer edge of something
Example: He stood at the border of the country 

Word: Calculate
Meaning: to determine the value of something
Example: He calculated the apples in the basket

Word: Cause
Meaning: the source of, or reason for
Example: Harry knew the cause of his illness. 

Word: Circular
Meaning: 1. in the shape of, or moving in a circle,
2. of or relating to a circle
Example: 1. The car moved in circular movements.
2. the cloth had circular patterns

Word: Compare
Meaning: to assess the similarities and differences between two or more things
Example: Sarah compared the two dresses and chose the red one.

Word: Concluding
Meaning: convincing
Example: your argument is very concluding

Word: Confirm
Meaning: to make firm or resolute
Example: Please confirm your avalibility for the programme

Word: Contrast
Meaning: a difference in lightness, brightness and/or hue between two colors that make them distinguishable 
Example: Phoebe liked the contrast in the colors of Hena’s dress.
Word: Convince
Meaning: to make someone believe
Example: Tara convinced the teachers of her innocence

 Word: Critical
Meaning: 1. Inclined to find fault or criticize
2. indicating a turning point
Example: 1. Mr. Otter is a very critical person
2. His condition is very critical in Mathematics.

Word: Decrease 
Meaning: drop, fall, go down
Example: it is good to decrease the speed while going up the hill

Word: Defend
Meaning: to protect
Example: Alee defended his case well

Word: Demonstrate
Meaning: to show
Example: The teacher demonstrated the science experiment in the lab

Word: Describe
Meaning: to represent in Words
Example: The police officer asked them to describe their lost dog in detail

Word: Detail
Meaning: A person’s name, address or other important information
Example: His details were required for the visa process

Word:  Develop
Meaning: to make
Example: Ted developed a programme for data input

Word: Difference 
Meaning: the quality of being different
Example: The only difference between the twins was the mole on the lip

Word: Disappointed 
Meaning: to let down, defeated of expectation
Example: She was very disappointed to see his grades

Word: Distribute
Meaning: to divide into portions
Example: He distributed the candies among the street children

Word: Effective
Meaning: Having the power to produce a required effect or effects
Example: The medicine was very effective in the fever

Word: Eliminate
Meaning: to leave out
Example: His goal was to eliminate the person from his life 

Word: Entire
Meaning: complete
Example: his entire collection of books was lost

Word: Essential 
Meaning: important
Example: It was essential for him to take a glass of milk daily

Word: Estimate
Meaning: an opinion or o guess of the size or worth of something
Example: The estimated cost of the trip was too much for them to afford

Word: Evidence
Meaning: a proof of something
Example: the evidence the police found was enough to cause him trouble

Word: Example
Meaning: 1. something or someone that is used as a model.
2. The definition of Example is a punishment that warns others to follow rules.
Example: 1. The teacher gave students an Example of solar system to help them understand the term ‘rotation’.
2. That serious road accident became an Example for all other kids in the neighborhood.

Word: Except
Meaning: to show a variation in action
Example: all were present except Simon 
Word:  Exclaimed 
Meaning: to cry out or speak suddenly
Example: He exclaimed with joy when he say the appointment letter

Word: Experiment
Meaning: to try out something new
Example: They experimented with the new juicer till they got it right

Word: Flexible
Meaning: subject to change or mold
Example: His plans were quite flexible

Word:  Fortunate
Meaning: Having luck
Example: it was fortunate of him to be there at the time of the prize announcement
Word: Frequent
Meaning: reoccurring, 
Example: The nurse made frequent visits to the patient’s room

Word:  Furious
Meaning: very angry
Example: The girl was furious over the spilled milk that had spoiled her dress

Word: Increasing
Meaning: to become bigger or greater
Example: His doubts in the project were increasing day by day

Word: Infer 
Meaning: to conclude from evidence or assumptions
Example: he inferred the Meaning from the text

Word: Inform 
Meaning: to make known
Example: Please inform me of your arrival
Word: Insert
Meaning: to put inside
Example: Sally inserted the cd in the computer
Word:  Maximum 
Meaning: the biggest number possible
Example: He got maximum likes for his post on Facebook
Word: Minimum 
Meaning: the least possible number 
Example: the minimum age criteria for this job is 35 years
Word: Observe
Meaning: to watch closely
Example: he observed the scene from the corner of his eye

Word: Organized 
Meaning: 1. Arranged for
2. in order
Example: 1. His mom organized the birthday event
2. His wardrobe was quite organized

Word: Obvious
Meaning: clear
Example: After listening to the insult, she left the office for obvious reasons

Word: Passage
Meaning: 1. A written paragraph
2. a way leading to somewhere
Example: 1. She read the passage from the poetry book
2. The passage leading to the jungle was full of thorns

Word: Persuade
Meaning: to convince
Example: she persuaded the group to go to the movie with her
Word: Predict
Meaning: to tell before time
Example: he predicted that it would rain that day just by looking at the sky

Word:  Prefer
Meaning: to choose over another
Example: He prefers to sit alone

Word: Previous
Meaning: the last one
Example: the previous chapter was about the Meanings of difficult Words

Word:  Purpose
Meaning: reason for
Example: The purpose of his visit was to give a present to the shining student

Word: Prediction
Meaning: a forecast or a prophecy
Example: his prediction of rain proved to be right

 Word:  Rarely
Meaning: occasionaly
Example: He attended the Sunday service rarely
Word: Reason
Meaning: the cause of
Example: the reason of the accident is yet unknown to the police

Word: Recognize
Meaning: 1. To acknowledge or remember give an award
Example: she recognized the girl from her poetry class
2. the company recognized his efforts and gave him a bonus

Word: Recommend
Meaning: to suggest someone or something
Example: He recommended the website for his help 

Word: Represent 
Meaning: to stand for
Example: Sid represented his country in the Olympics

Word: Result
Meaning: the outcome of, the consequences of
Example: the result of his hard work came in the form of a good job
Word: Scarce
Meaning: rare, less
Example: in the area of Thar, the water was scarce

Word: Select
Meaning: to choose
Example: he selected the red shoes

Word: Separate
Meaning: 1. To pull apart, disconnect or divide
2. not linked to anything or anyone
Example: 1. She separated the green peppers from the red ones
2. They have a separate lounge for ladies at the bus terminal

Word: Simplify
Meaning: to make easy
Example: to simplify the work, they added the glossary section

Word: Summarize
Meaning: to make short
Example: Andy summarized the whole story in a short paragraph

Word: Surround 
Meaning: to enclose, to circle around
Example: they surrounded the building from all sides

Word: Support
Meaning: 1. to stand for, to provide help
2. a thing used for giving a shape or assistance to something
Example: 1. She supported the citizens in their cause
2. The table fell when they lifted the support

Word: Temporary 
Meaning: Not permanent, for a short time
Example: The job she was doing was temporary

Word: Threatens 
Meaning: to pose a danger to someone or something
Example: the policeman threatened the thief to fire if he tried to run

Word: Tradition
Meaning:  a tradition is a custom or belief that is passed down through the generations or that is done time after time or year after year.
Example: it was their family tradition to have a dinner at the Christmas together

Word: typical
Meaning: in an expected manner
Example: He typically answers his calls at the third ring

Word: Usually
Meaning: for the most part
Example: he usually comes back late from the office

Grade 5 Tier II Vocabulary Word List

Word: abolish
Meaning: to get rid of
Example: he abolished the cockroaches from the kitchen

Word: accomplish
Meaning: to gain
Example: He accomplished a lot in the past year

Word: accurate 
Meaning: correct, exact
Example: His watch told accurate time and date

Word: announce
Meaning: to tell loudly or publically
Example: he announced his wedding in the family event

Word:  anxious
Meaning: worried about
Example: he was anxious about his grades

Word: approach
Meaning: to reach out
Example: he approached her in the car parking to say hello

Word:  approval
Meaning: to give permission
Example: Rachel needed his approval for the party dress code

Word: approximate
Meaning: an estimated amount
Example: his approximate for the total expenditure was rejected by the committee

Word:  argument
Meaning: 1.a verbal disagreement
2. a logical evidence
Example: 1. His argument with his family over the window curtains was pointless.
2. His argument was accepted well by the science journal
 Word: avoid
Meaning: to keep away from
Example: he avoided the conversation as much as possible

 Word: briskly
Meaning: fast, quickly
Example: he walked briskly

Word:  cease
Meaning: to stop
Example: he ceased the blow with his arm

Word: claim
Meaning: demand for something
Example: he claimed his mobile’s warranty after it was broken

Word: conclude 
Meaning: to finish or end
Example: Adam concluded the paragraph in 5 mins

Word: conflict
Meaning: a disagreement or dispute over something
Example: the conflict over the subjects made them go to the Principal’s office.

Word: consistent
Meaning: something that is reliable or in agreement
Example: He was consistent in his persuasion of his goal

Word: context
Meaning: the Words that surround other Words and impact their Meaning or the setting in which something occurs.
Example: the context of his speech was the incident that happened on the same day.

Word: convince
Meaning: to persuade
Example: he convinced the people to pay their taxes on time.

Word: culture
Meaning:  a particular set of customs, morals, codes and traditions from a specific time and place.
Example: the Islamic culture preferred the covering of head for women.

Word: decade
Meaning: a period of ten years
Example: the prices of oil have gone up over the past two decades

Word: dissatisfied
Meaning: displeased
Example: the teacher was dissatisfied by his work.

Word: dominate
Meaning: to take control
Example: his team dominated the baseball league

Word: drowsy 
Meaning: a feeling of being sleepy, tired or not fully awake
Example: David felt drowsy during his Maths lecture

Word: edible
Meaning: fit to be eaten
Example: he separated the edibles in a brown paper bag

Word: effortless
Meaning: easy
Example: His entry in the hall was effortless because of his appearance

Word: equivalent 
Meaning: something that is essentially the same or equal to something else.
Example: His intelligence is equivalent to the efforts of his parents to make him successful.

Word: escalate
Meaning: to increase quickly
Example: his interest in the project escalated quickly

Word:  establish
Meaning: to start, create, or bring about something
Example: Julie established a school in the far away village

Word: evaluate
Meaning: to judge the value or worth of something or someone
Example: He evaluated the final fee report of the school.

Word: evidence
Meaning: a proof for something
Example: He presented the paper as an evidence in the courtroom.
Word:  exhaust
Meaning: to use up or tire out
Example: he was exhausted after the long journey

Word: expansion
Meaning: the act of getting bigger
Example: The expansion of matter by heat by experimented in the class

Word: expectation
Meaning:  believing that something is going to happen or believing that something should be a certain way.
Example: The expectation was very different from the reality.

Word: extend
Meaning: to increase, to make longer or bigger
Example: they extended his holidays due to foul weather

Word: familiar
Meaning: something that is known
Example: he was familiar with the roads of this town

Word: frequent
Meaning: occurring again and again
Example: his visits to the hospital were frequent

Word:  gigantic
Meaning: big, huge
Example: the building had a gigantic gate

Word:  gist
Meaning: the main point
Example: the gist of this conversation was declaring science as a miracle

Word:  glare
Meaning: to see fiercely
Example: He glared at the stranger standing there

Word: harsh
Meaning: rough, uneven
Example: As a teacher, his language was quite harsh

Word: heroic
Meaning: brave
Example: his heroic efforts bore fruit and they won the finale

Word: hesitate
Meaning: to feel reluctant
Example: Please do not hesitate while telling a truth

Word: hilarious
Meaning: funny, comic
Example: his jokes were hilarious

Word: historic
Meaning: 1. related to history, old
2. Memorable
Example: 1. The great days of Crete lie thus beyond the historic period
2. He made a historic speech at the last day of his school.

Word: horizontal
Meaning: The definition of horizontal is something that is parallel to the horizon
Example: he drew horizontal lines on his notebook

Word: hostile
Meaning: aggressive, angry or unfriendly
Example: his behavior towards the new comers was very hostile

Word: huddle
Meaning: 1. A crowded mess of people or things
2. to crowd together, to curl up closely
Example: 1. The huddle of people broke the signal
 2. They huddled together because of the cold weather

Word: identify
Meaning: 1. put oneself in another's place or sympathize with someone.
2. to determine what someone or something is
Example: 1. Zara identifies herself with the lone girl in the movie
2. They identified the lost cat as theirs.

Word: illegible
Meaning: something that cannot be read
Example: whatever he wrote was illegible because of his handwriting.
Word: immigrate
Meaning: to move permanently to a new country
Example: They immigrated to Germany for his studies
Word: influence
Meaning: impact, or effect
Example: His liking for the black color influenced his choice of wardrobe

Word:  investigate
Meaning: to search, to look for
Example: The police investigated the cause of his death.

Word:  navigate
Meaning: to plan your course or to steer
Example: a map will help you navigate

Word: opposed
Meaning: acting against or in opposition
Example: he is opposed to her idea of eating non-veg

Word: ordinary
Meaning: common
Example: he lives an ordinary life in the city

Word: passage
Meaning: 1. A written paragraph
2. a path that leads to somewhere
Example: 1. He recited a passage from the poetry book
2.  This passage is full of hurdles

Word: persuade
Meaning: to convince
Example: he persuaded them to vote for his candidate

Word:  primary
Meaning: 1. basic, first
2. Significant, most important
Example: 1. He completed his primary education at home
2. The completion of your education must be your primary objective in life.

Word: recently
Meaning: newly, just a moment ago
Example: He got a job recently

Word: reference
Meaning: A statement attesting to personal qualifications, character, and dependability
Example: He needed a strong reference for getting the job
Word: review
Meaning: 1. to give a recapitulation of the salient features of
2. A close or systematic study
Example: 1. He reviewed the final report on the bridge mechanism with interest
2. His review was acclaimed by the publishing house

Word: revolt
Meaning: 1. To oppose by force a government or ruling authority
2. organized opposition intended to change or over throw the ruling authority
Example: 1. The civilians revolted against the government
2.  He was the master mind of the revolt against the throne

Word: scarce
Meaning: in less quantity
Example: In those days, water was scarce.

Word: significant
Meaning: important
Example: His role was quite significant in the development of his country

Word: source
Meaning: 1. A point of origination
2. an acquaintance who is in a position to help
Example: 1. Fear of God is the source of all knowledge
2. he used all his sources to get the job done

Word:  summarize
Meaning: to make short
Example: he summarized the whole book in a single paragraph

Word: superior
Meaning: being at a rank above another, 
Example: he was superior to her

Word: tension
Meaning: anxiety
Example: he created an atmosphere of tension by weeping at a public place

Word:  tolerate 
Meaning: to bear
Example: Fred tolerated the behavior of his fellows because he was a nice guy

Word: tremble
Meaning: to shiver
Example: his hands were trembling because of the cold weather 
 Word: unexpected
Meaning: not thought of, unusual
Example: His arrival at her wedding was quite unexpected

Word:  unfamiliar
Meaning: new, unknown
Example: he was unfamiliar with the roads of the new town

Word: vertical
Meaning: At right angles to the horizon or to level ground
Example: he stood at the window and stared at the slits in the vertical slats 

Grade 6 Tier II Vocabulary Word List

Word: adjacent
Meaning: next to or nearby
Example: His house is adjacent to the church.

Word: accumulate
Meaning: to gather together over time
Example:  The accumulated snow in the driveway made it hard for them to go out.

Word: adapt
Meaning: to adjust or modify something to a particular situation or circumstance.
Example: Simon adapted himself to the environment of his new office.

Word: adequate
Meaning: proper, enough
Example: they took adequate measures to help prevent poverty in the region.

Word: analyze
Meaning: to learn about something by looking closely at its individual parts and determining how they work together.
Example: They analyzed the working of the machine in the garage. 
Word: anticipate
Meaning: to look forward to, expect
Example: She anticipated the arrival of the parcel in the evening.

Word: appropriate 
Meaning: suitable, proper
Example: His behavior at the convention was not appropriate for the event.

Word: artifact
Meaning: something made by humans and often is a primitive tool, structure, or part of a functional item.
Example: The artifacts were displayed in the museum under a special light.

Word:  benefit
Meaning: 1. Something that provides an advantage to others
2. to be helpful to others
Example: 1. His company received a huge amount as benefit from the bank.
2. She was too unsettled by the past two days to give him the benefit of doubt.

Word: calculate
Meaning: to measure
Example: Eddie calculated the mass of the stone in the lab

Word: catastrophe
Meaning: a large, often sudden, disaster or ending
Example: the catastrophic flood left the town in chaos.

Word: chronological
Meaning: arranged in the order it happened
Example: the chronological detail of events could be found in the local library.

Word:  citizen
Meaning: a permanent resident of a country
Example:  He was a US citizen by birth.
Word:  civilization
Meaning: a society or group of people or the process of achieving a higher state of social development.
Example: the Indus civilization is famous for its valuable artifacts.

Word: compose
Meaning: to combine, to put something in order or to write a piece of music.
Example: he composed a symphony to soothe his irritated nerves.

 Word: conclusion
Meaning: the ending
Example: the conclusion of the story was very abrupt and unsatisfactory.

Word: congruent
Meaning: something that agrees with or is in harmony with another
Example: The two methods were almost congruent, and thus the model was approved.

Word: consequence
Meaning: result of
Example: he was not ready to bear the consequences of his decision.

Word: construct
Meaning: to make or build
Example: It was his family business to construct buildings.

Word: continuous
Meaning: going on without being interrupted
Example: His continuous struggle to get a job finally paid off.

Word:  contrast
Meaning: in comparison to other things, hues
Example: she loved the color contrast in her skirt.

Word: contribute
Meaning: to give something or to make something happen
Example: Tara contributed her poem to the college literary magazine.

Word: declare
Meaning: to announce something publicly or to make a statement 
Example: “I will not take part in the games”, he declared loudly.

Word: democracy
Meaning: a form of government in which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives.
Example: The democracy of Australia is very similar to the democracy of the US.

Word: dimension
Meaning: scope or a measurable portion of space that extends in a certain direction.
Example: The space rockets can now reach to limitless dimensions.

Word: drastic
Meaning: something radical or extreme
Example: Attending a local church brought a drastic change to his life.

Word:  elaborate
Meaning: 1. Done with great or numerous details
2.  to add details to something
Example: 1. They had an elaborate wedding event in the country side
2. He elaborated the use of vaccines for the children under the age of 5.

Word: encourage 
Meaning: to appreciate, or to give hope
Example: They encouraged her on her big day.

Word: equation
Meaning: the state of being equal and is often shown as a math expression with equal values on either side, or refers to a problem where many things need to be taken into account.
Example: Reese solved the equation effortlessly.

Word: evaluate
Meaning: to judge taking into consideration all the facts and figures
Example: He evaluated the school report before presenting it to the coordinator.

Word: exaggerate
Meaning: to stretch the truth or make something bigger than it is
Example: He exaggerated the number the butterflies in the garden but she believed him.

Word: exhaust
Meaning: to tire down
Example: he was exhausted after the day’s hard work.

Word:  expression
Meaning: a frequently used Word or phrase or it is a way to convey your thoughts, feelings or emotions.
Example: His expression was very good in the poetry form.

Word:  extend
Meaning: To extend is defined as to make something longer or wider, to make something last longer or to make an offer.
Example: He extended a hand of friendship towards him to make things better at the workplace.

Word: extensive
Meaning: something that covers a large area or has wide influence or effect.
Example: the annual NG report on extinction of owls extensively covered all the aspects.

Word: factor
Meaning: 1. a factor is a contributor to something or is a number that divides another number without leaving a remainder.
2. a person who carries on business transactions for another; commission merchant; agent for the sale of goods entrusted to his possession
Example: 1. 9 is a factor of 27.
2. He is a trusted factor in the business neighborhood when it comes to the transfer of funds. 

Word: ferocious
Meaning: something very fierce, cruel, extreme or wild
Example: The ferocious animals attacked the lone man in the jungle.

Word: frequent
Meaning: reoccurring 
Example: Her visits to the hospital were becoming less frequent day by day. 

Word:  genuine
Meaning: real
Example: His offer to the company’s sales officer was genuine but he didn’t get it.

Word: government
Meaning: the exercise of control or authority over a group of people
Example: The US government ruled its people with authority and justice.

Word: history
Meaning: the account of things that happened a long time ago
Example: The history of Alexander The Great held great interest for the class.

Word: hypothesis
Meaning: an unproven theory or statement
Example: Darwin’s theory of evolution made ways for many upcoming progressive theories.

Word: insists
Meaning: to demand something without wavering, to continue on a course no matter what the objections are or to make a statement and continue to assert its truth.
Example: He insisted on having a big plate of eggs early in the morning.

Word: irrigate
Meaning: to refresh by or as by watering
Example: They irrigated the crops early in the morning to avoid the sunburn.

Word: lofty
Meaning: high
Example: He looked up at the lofty mountains.

Word: manipulate
Meaning: 1. move, arrange or control something in a skilled manner
2. to use emotional connection in an abusive manner
Example: 1. two women manipulated the flowers to form a bouquet.
2. He manipulated her love for flowers and sold them dearly.

Word: massive
Meaning: something or someone who is very bulky, huge or solid
Example: He had a massive truck in his garage.

Word: narrate
Meaning: to explain into Words in a story like manner
Example: He narrated his experience in an eloquent manner.
Word:  obedient
Meaning: abiding by the rules
Example: He was a very obedient student.

Word: oblivious
Meaning: being forgetful or unaware of your surroundings
Example: He was oblivious to the fact that his car was missing.

Word: origin
Meaning: 1. Start, beginning or center of something 
2.  Parentage, birth, lineage
Example: The origin of the water source was in the center of the city.
2. He was of British origin.

Word: peculiar
Meaning: strange, unusual 
Example: they heard a peculiar sound in the basement.

Word: persuade
Meaning: to convince
Example: He persuaded his mom to go with him to the movies.

Word: prediction
Meaning: a prophecy, before time guess
Example: His prediction about the upcoming storm proved to be right.

Word: priority
Meaning: preferred over another thing
Example: His family is his first priority

Word: quote
Meaning: to reproduce or repeat something said or spoken by someone else
Example: He quoted from the Bible from time to time.

Word: realistic
Meaning: closer to reality, unbiased
Example: His parents valued his realistic views about life.

Word: recount
Meaning: retelling of event
Example: he recounted his visit to India in a very detailed way.

Word:  reinforce
Meaning: to increase the number or amount, or to make stronger
Example: they reinforced the army corpses in Iraq.

Word:  repetition
Meaning: reoccurrence 
Example: repetition of Words makes them very clear to understand.

 Word: retrieve 
Meaning: to get back
Example: David retrieved the data from his computer.

Word: similar
Meaning: having same traits or qualities
Example: His points of debate were very similar to hers.

Word: solution
Meaning: a way out 
Example: To every problem, there is a solution.

Word: strategy
Meaning: a map or plan to do something in a certain way
Example: their strategy to visit all the flood affected areas in 24hours didn’t work well.

Word:  substitute
Meaning: a replacement for something or someone for doing a specific task
Example: He worked as her substitute teacher while she was taking a rest due to her illness.

Word: suspense
Meaning: anxiety or a state or uncertainty or excitement over an upcoming occurrence
Example: The suspense in the film was very engaging.

Word: tentative
Meaning: not definite or final
Example: The teacher pasted the tentative timetable on the board.

Word: thesis
Meaning: a proposal or a statement that is maintained by an argument
Example: The topic of his thesis was the development in underworld countries. 
 Word: transfer
Meaning: to shift from one place to another
Example: He transferred his funds from the bank to his local office.

Word: unanimous
Meaning: a situation where all parties involved are fully in agreement and there is no dissent.
Example: The resolution was passed by the parliament unanimously.

Word:  unique 
Meaning: one of its kind, different
Example: He had a unique taste in music

Word: variable
Meaning: subject to change
Example: Weather is a variable in the study of environmental changes.