Thursday, November 29, 2012

Common Core Tier 1 Words | Grades 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Common Core Tier 1 Words | Grades 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
FREE 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th GRADE Tier 1 Words | 
Common Core Reading and ELA Tier 1 VOCABULARY WORDS

Dolch Sight Words Review:

PRESCHOOL: a, and, away, big, blue, can, come, down, find, for, funny, go, help, here, I, in, is, it, jump, little, look, make, me, my, not, one, play, red, run, said, see, the, three, to, two, up, we, where, yellow, you

KINDERGARTEN: all, am, are, at, ate, be, black, brown, but, came, did, do, eat, four, get, good, have, he, into, like, must, new, no, now, on, our, out, please, pretty, ran, ride, saw, say, she, so, soon, that, there, they, this, too, under, want, was, well, went, what, white, who, will, with, yes

1st Grade: after, again, an, any, as, ask, by, could, every, fly, from, give, giving, had, has, her, him, his, how, just, know, let, live, may, of, old, once, open, over, put, round, some, stop, take, thank, them, then, think, walk, were, when

WEEK 1 - 8
the of and to in I that was he his it with is for as had you not be on at her by which have or from this him but all she were they my are me so one their an said we them who would been will no when there if more out up any into do your has man what could other our than some very time about upon may its only now little like then can made vowel should did us such a great question letter before must these two sign see over know much  after first Mr.

WEEK 9-16
down good men own most never where old day work those come shall himself came way without life make go long being well through might say am on too many even again back here people think every same under last went thought found take still hand place also while just against though young years get ever things give part nothing face off right left once another setting world house saw three new always took put head love each fairy-tale Mrs. night between son few because mind tell whom thing heart far seemed set whole days got country

WEEK 17-24
both find done name told look having heard seen let going better home moment knew side something course among full enough woman father soon words sentence gave end almost cannot small door room water want however brought given word whose use quite light best does morning till myself since present turned used themselves rather until power others felt syllable money mother began less war next living-room within form large poor certain year together matter kind stood order often sent half herself friend wife anything keep true means folk-tale index narrative hundred round point state  received white believe passed

WEEK 25-32
person read feet case pour city children alone above fact high problem already dear known met English says gone times girl least perhaps land hope nature return letter open along air sure indeed number leave four body women either free help wish business during general poem several therefore hour lay held friends second fire speak whether narrative reason john thousand manner cried king forth become note question directions call terms became replied lost why behind family advertisement dead possible following law feel electronic cause boy care different plus looking ground rest making soul really town mean human truth short kept subject 

 REVIEW and Sight PREVIEW WORDS


PRESCHOOL: a, and, away, big, blue, can, come, down, find, for, funny, go, help, here, I, in, is, it, jump, little, look, make, me, my, not, one, play, red, run, said, see, the, three, to, two, up, we, where, yellow, you

KINDERGARTEN: all, am, are, at, ate, be, black, brown, but, came, did, do, eat, four, get, good, have, he, into, like, must, new, no, now, on, our, out, please, pretty, ran, ride, saw, say, she, so, soon, that, there, they, this, too, under, want, was, well, went, what, white, who, will, with, yes

1st Grade: after, again, an, any, as, ask, by, could, every, fly, from, give, giving, had, has, her, him, his, how, just, know, let, live, may, of, old, once, open, over, put, round, some, stop, take, thank, them, then, think, walk, were, when

Nouns: apple, baby, back, ball, bear, bed, bell, bird, birthday, boat, box, boy, bread, brother, cake, car, cat, chair, chicken, children, Christmas, coat, corn, cow, day, dog, doll, door, duck, egg, eye, farm, farmer, father, feet, fire, fish, floor, flower, game, garden, girl, good-bye, grass, ground, hand, head, hill, home, horse, house, kitty, leg, letter, man, men, milk, money, morning, mother, name, nest, night, paper, party, picture, pig, rabbit, rain, ring, robin, Santa Claus, school, seed, sheep, shoe, sister, snow, song, squirrel, stick, street, sun, table, thing, time, top, toy, tree, watch, water, way, wind, window, wood

FREE 2nd GRADE Common Core Reading ELA VOCABULARY WORDS

The list is an edited version of the (Project Gutenberg) most common written English words from a 2005 analysis.

2nd Grade Spelling, Reading | ELA Tier 1 Vocabulary Words


PREVIEW WORDS
1st Grade: after, again, an, any, as, ask, by, could, every, fly, from, give, giving, had, has, her, him, his, how, just, know, let, live, may, of, old, once, open, over, put, round, some, stop, take, thank, them, then, think, walk, were, when

2nd Grade: always, around, because, been, before, best, both, buy, call, cold, does, don't, fast, first, five, found, gave, goes, green, its, made, many, off, or, pull, read, right, sing, sit, sleep, tell, their, these, those, upon, us, use, very, wash, which, why, wish, work, would, write, your

3rd Grade: about, better, bring, carry, clean, cut, done, draw, drink, eight, fall, far, full, got, grow, hold, hot, hurt, if, keep, kind, laugh, light, long, much, myself, never, only, own, pick, seven, shall, show, six, small, start, ten, today, together, try, warm

Nouns: apple, baby, back, ball, bear, bed, bell, bird, birthday, boat, box, boy, bread, brother, cake, car, cat, chair, chicken, children, Christmas, coat, corn, cow, day, dog, doll, door, duck, egg, eye, farm, farmer, father, feet, fire, fish, floor, flower, game, garden, girl, good-bye, grass, ground, hand, head, hill, home, horse, house, kitty, leg, letter, man, men, milk, money, morning, mother, name, nest, night, paper, party, picture, pig, rabbit, rain, ring, robin, Santa Claus, school, seed, sheep, shoe, sister, snow, song, squirrel, stick, street, sun, table, thing, time, top, toy, tree, watch, water, way, wind, window, wood


WEEK 1-4 READING VOCABULARY
the of and to in I that was he his it with is for as had you not be on at her by which have or from this him but all she were they my are me so one their an said we them who would been will no when there if more out up any into do your has man what could other our than some very contraction time about upon may its only now little like then can paragraph made should did us such a great before must these two see over know much  after first Mr.

WEEK 5-8 READING VOCABULARY
down good men own most never where old day work those come shall himself came way without life make go long being well through might say am too many even again back opposite here people think every same under last went thought found take still hand place also while nursery-rhyme just  against though young years get ever things give part riddle nothing face off right left once another world house saw three new always took put head love each Mrs. night between son few because mind tell whom thing heart far  seemed set whole days got country

WEEK 9-12 READING VOCABULARY
both find done name told look having heard seen let going better home moment knew side something course among full enough woman father soon words gave end almost cannot small door room water want however brought given word whose use quite light best does morning till myself since present turned used themselves rather until power others felt money mother began less war next living-room within form large poor certain year together matter kind stood order often sent half herself friend wife anything keep true means hundred round point state received white believe passed

WEEK 13-16 READING VOCABULARY
person read feet case pour city children alone above fact high already dear known meet English says gone times girl least perhaps land hope nature return letter open along air sure indeed number leave four body women either free help wish business during general several therefore hour lay held friends second fire speak whether reason thousand manner cried king forth become question call terms became replied lost why behind family dead possible following law feel electronic cause boy care different plus looking ground rest making soul really town mean human truth short kept subject 

WEEK 17-20 READING VOCABULARY
five east need evening able strong earth live sea doubt answer lady understand around seems ten hard sort ask sense beautiful fear character turn party followed force bring close fine black hold dark written age spirit interest show sight necessary account book ready common bed talk story table idea  line early longer can't paid else river sometimes brother across miles van later copy art saying mark change feeling everything purpose eye position six further copyright past meet deep happy seem act suddenly stand taking strange rose view late nearly neither beyond blood real cold service suppose none

WEEK 21-24 READING VOCABULARY
road forward army I've sound agreement clear effect sun pretty daughter knowledge husband mine toward peace bad natural cut living remember except below didn't office low fair American fall laid history pay doing pass note hair Dr. led charge makes run front government horse although receive attention desire play opinion red gold important master paper church company rhyme certainly tried silence placed probably ago wind especially greater distance length strength arm duty persons send glad beauty big tout fellow latter information bear window foot trouble gentleman lips wrote various object particular minutes

WEEK 25-28 READING VOCABULARY
wild ran faith save smile visit wrong chief hardly beginning enemy deal sleep March chance immediately presence action according loved follow thinking plain walked condition drew standing per knows rich unless heavy single try secret write  impossible sweet influence outside carry mouth occasion ship unto appear dinner joy broken places property regard afraid hat seeing figure please won't former period whatever appearance system instead simple battle afterwards merely struck reach learned mere twenty tears easily stay married expression exclaimed born respect giving court man's week school youth permission caught writing language sister agree slowly generally usual noble

WEEK 29-32 READING VOCABULARY
command food getting worth quiet remain date support fit ancient green duke walk result month society showed third notice grew expected wonder laughed entirely goes bound due village fight fresh perfect direction cost reading tone main tree conversation considerable street book silent success beside meant trademark chair some what wall considered provide stone individual greatest wished lines boat proper heaven bright opportunity sudden field waiting private afternoon scarcely quickly formed trying etc. block quote political race scene seven wait speaking music sit religion news authority begin marriage speech that's broke difficult honor effort

WEEK 33-36 READING VOCABULARY
top original access step cry domain fast medium justice troops lie personal summer America garden author sitting paragraph passage ways terrible fortune happiness vain ill picture study pain possession supposed grand bit situation nation attempt takes century cast floor prepared eight eat determined grave hot produce killed island associated drawn camp watch escape likely leaves wood instant refund fifty ourselves spring fee plan ladies modern existence simply hart memory meeting pleasant perfectly laugh surprise corner soft dress turning military forget trust fixed beneath allow religious equal passion reply shore conduct break spent wise


FREE 3rd GRADE Common Core Reading ELA VOCABULARY WORDS

The list is an edited version of the (Project Gutenberg) most common written English words from a 2005 analysis.

3rd Grade Spelling, Reading | ELA Tier 1 Vocabulary Words




REVIEW SPELLING WORDS
2nd Grade: always, around, because, been, before, best, both, buy, call, cold, does, don't, fast, first, five, found, gave, goes, green, its, made, many, off, or, pull, read, right, sing, sit, sleep, tell, their, these, those, upon, us, use, very, wash, which, why, wish, work, would, write, your

3rd Grade: about, better, bring, carry, clean, cut, done, draw, drink, eight, fall, far, full, got, grow, hold, hot, hurt, if, keep, kind, laugh, light, long, much, myself, never, only, own, pick, seven, shall, show, six, small, start, ten, today, together, try, warm

Nouns: apple, baby, back, ball, bear, bed, bell, bird, birthday, boat, box, boy, bread, brother, cake, car, cat, chair, chicken, children, Christmas, coat, corn, cow, day, dog, doll, door, duck, egg, eye, farm, farmer, father, feet, fire, fish, floor, flower, game, garden, girl, good-bye, grass, ground, hand, head, hill, home, horse, house, kitty, leg, letter, man, men, milk, money, morning, mother, name, nest, night, paper, party, picture, pig, rabbit, rain, ring, robin, Santa Claus, school, seed, sheep, shoe, sister, snow, song, squirrel, stick, street, sun, table, thing, time, top, toy, tree, watch, water, way, wind, window, wood


WEEK 1-4 READING VOCABULARY
rise sake degree spot winter breath built touch minute courage looks board official rate middle sky promise physical complete distribute instance provided pale higher loss offer move train shot stop class lead father's running spoken moral glass I'd directly example worse sufficient obliged  warm spite start vs. car social safe wouldn't ones serious doctor shown non forms lower request attack servant lot trade path drink proved silver special pride meaning smiled wonderful health rule share twelve ears movement expect enter north engaged legal advantage darkness spread marked taste foreign vast officer importance seat

WEEK 5-8 READING VOCABULARY
ordinary excellent bill sorry native method rock confidence consider tax dream mighty extent grace heads concerning liberty game wine opposite sword distribution judge glance greatly iron difference space besides promised pure isn't gentlemen prince page particularly thirty additional exactly finally anxious clothes shook working prove marry captain sign progress glory distant possessed serve fancy obtain freely lose south sought July similar building narrow dry watched honor search yes forgotten anyone accept sad clearly knowing points hill neck hearts judgment hall aside quick honest June lies altogether mountain agreed measure otherwise

WEEK 9-12 READING VOCABULARY
holding report fate sick proud choose million rights aid amount bank capital royal fully animal posted secure forest stream created coast bottom Washington succeeded bread advance claim delight fashion papers stage desired portion cross brave servants expense principal seek ear creature freedom there's weather surface thick carriage false rain grow add tall stranger served faces comfort dare necessity surprised national  fingers check shoulders blow presently hung sons throughout gentle education touched numerous gate immediate wealth august song practice group waited draw style quietly growing fond holy opening famous species grass active shoulder consequence frequently

WEEK 13-16 READING VOCABULARY
fish Spanish encore snow phrase contact pity telling angry tongue tired science remarkable yours taught collection sharp surely powerful price equally willing November Spanish season divine principle woods kill naturally weight genius material popular thin guard alive quarter virtue intellectual weak habit reader windows owner entire crossed sentence companion moist golden list valley interested liked brown bore  gathered saved tender dangerous aware bent approach  December distributing forces apparently handsome pray shadow slight familiar direct midst evidently yellow sacred wounded pounds calm January moon nine unknown numbers hast express kingdom uncle guess prepare hearing

WEEK 17-20 READING VOCABULARY
address slaves remarked follows included mass favor twice sympathy satisfaction actually throw affection imagination chose fees fault nice station truly affair machine putting advice hopes April ceased absence demanded content size becomes impression imagine dressed storm proceeded task whispered consideration listen listened suffer beat extraordinary priest farther regular treated rode wisdom contain mission bay sorrow hurt edge watching fool post resolved informed smiling discover relief birth wholly noise burst total title explanation legs supper crime empty policy lovely soldier comply lifted October happen constant based demand square rapidly series previous don't mention busy shape burning

WEEK 21-24 READING VOCABULARY
receiving quality smoke slave assistance thank moving current won message flesh soil calling credit pocket fruit capable coat fort sum loud brain final sending laughing bearing forty volunteers absolutely double mother's bird completely conscience low pair destroy explain belief fifteen slow grief falling east continue ring provisions faithful excitement shame tender standing nearer welcome dying mad buy sold separate cruel wasn't hoped loose splendid motion bitter stars prayer god's kindly release relation upper remove center drawing proof amongst supply control join notes worst knees firm ride addition yesterday useful delicate mercy admit catch practical constantly friendly prison

WEEK 25-28 READING VOCABULARY
minister increase labor process rooms terror brief um fail spiritual color doesn't instantly dozen intention entrance exercise mistake bought doors acquaintance member civil gain cover protection wear unable color dust attached sing enjoy literary blind gradually intelligence text clean buried mistress needs apply chamber sooner anger cities require nose extreme everybody praise ahead huge paying volume license hate edition rough partly escaped fly tale equipment rare energy assured highly safety variety custom event souls theory drop couple whenever closely thoroughly site careful female bare lake everywhere ease circle suit lover cup favor despair

WEEK 29-32 READING VOCABULARY
faint goods September roof dull plans kindness writer gray fairly connection castle rendered successful cousin natives attitude manners apart services evident clouds immense admiration hotel yards awful conscious becoming gently article learning voyage limited trial compliance labor fellows anywhere flight eager raise development precious milk type weary abroad innocent avoid med skin singing destroyed cent you've harry salt voices cool ad stock dire violent plenty mental lest visible prisoner pardon status departure solemn anxiety growth treatment queen audience curiosity consent temps dreadful interrupted expenses miserable paused whilst record donate count February seldom actual computer

WEEK 31-36 READING VOCABULARY
production ruin kings scattered sufficiently fill charming earnest bow guide anybody utterly dance younger hurried brothers remark temper base severe teach beg library article kissed police conclusion skill slavery chiefly confusion quantity temple likewise gift excuse valuable triumph plants absolute extremely harm whence ice-cream sell companion stairs  store flat witness ed bold argument emotion sand wound unhappy inquired observe expedition desert sail rage liability patient slept doctrine range wicked reality local foolish self sentiment ignorant destruction source humble shop kiss origin band glorious rushed ball habits maid generous guilty division resolution win inclined

FREE 4th GRADE Common Core Reading ELA VOCABULARY WORDS

The list is an edited version of the (Project Gutenberg) most common written English words from a 2005 analysis.

4th Grade Spelling, Reading | ELA Tier 1 Vocabulary Words



WEEK 1-4 READING VOCABULARY
setting regret murder discovery formerly staff throat commercial eternal cap pause refuse related replacement unfortunate readily speed violence midnight delay lately reputation kitchen stepped exact sang stick attend softly shade consciousness punishment estate slightly frightened singular fatal indicate troubled profit philosophy household fleet difficulties press bosom hers forgot melancholy electronically thanks delighted spend blessed possess region disease gun wit fierce career links image proceed belong horror arise belonged plant woman's Governor market wondered mankind hence waste suspicion mystery suggestion flower reign shining fame cloud afford trembling appeal uttered host hide sugar painted pushed ashamed finger somewhere

WEEK 5-8 READING VOCABULARY
doubtless agreeable domestic aunt guests utmost shalt lack reasonable strongly error blame reward applicable forehead patience majority shouted disposition properly misery glanced picked design thence rapid opposition risk vol behold render reference baby hero deck branch bowed decision breaking thine defective benefit murmured china issue gaze plainly gets disk distinct occasionally permanent alike print ignorance probable invited meal approaching artist savage disposed exist occasions humanity spare mounted farm surged begged celebrated corn weakness cloth sheep utter fourth nodded charm limitation chapter dared dawn atmosphere verse quarters oh flame lights forever enthusiasm holder job gray

WEEK 9-12 READING VOCABULARY
borne damages copying bell preserve doth painful departed distinction solid scheme frame flying delightful gazed constitution ocean cease key male vie hole travel apparent agent observation circumstance announcement frequent leader profits centuries lonely priests equivalent route beloved discussion eagerly aspect community treaty oil port haste conviction calculated gratitude sigh nevertheless keen grant thrust district belonging ambition useless rolled lieu build knight pursued smooth failure senses luck perform union essential hurry format hanging dim ideal smaller nervous stared you'd secured hastily territory comment stronger instinct contempt mixed mode horrible permit cries

WEEK 13-16 READING VOCABULARY
alarm seriously notion vote loving impulse recovered gates burden correct treat remarks prefer insisted resumed crying merry dread profession mortal sex maintain province amid desperate practically occur silk what's hit united developed beast cavalry falls fever clever daughters aloud eleven tent pen abandoned instrument yield politics cabin Christmas deny stern empire idle industry vague execution deed uniform communication somehow founded college rude knife arrangement hell shadows wooden crowded slipped commerce nights interview stayed warning contents threatened descended devotion distress counsel princes sorts coffee assure rush capacity declare steady firmly cheerful version poured tide Madame

WEEK 17-20 READING VOCABULARY
incident sensible supported bade m organization creation web tied prospect grateful western sank northern jean higher errors winds multitude venture instructions arrive profound exceedingly  pressure derive chain owing widow elsewhere council critical scientific wives fathers passions operation cat leaned mood perceive riding obtaining resistance parted notwithstanding continually element display civilization odd era shake restaurant fix sleeping trail match activity examined security astonishment folly cared angel teaching tribe obey Saturday royalty supreme establishment succeed exception settle Mexico thereof nurse nearest taxes infinite bar residence prevented eating reflection stir revealed gifts star

WEEK 21-24 READING VOCABULARY
concealed section lamp cook repeat apartment somebody consequences lit strangers shone intense damage realized slightest sentiments sole regiment touching drank cottage commenced test poverty oath landed guest wrath quarrel settlement confined election disturbed acting leaning grand recently aim bless row apt fearful campaign sunshine yard charity deserted signal assembled strain leg ability intelligent endure steel directions intimate sixty hang butter hated whatsoever inner thither card average swift passes driving armies steadily pains grounds marched supplied furniture deeds lightly county runs detail track bottle application ate arts deeper sailed liberal tower folk plate

WEEK 25-28 READING VOCABULARY
commission consequently bag favorite hollow paragraphs shock gross decide drinking largely provision bid commonly annual pursuit scarce adventure performance hatred throwing wanting desires possibility describe exchange sighed beasts overcome harmless staring tones stuff portrait flag vanished heavily heavens walks southern muttered scale wave foundation newspaper awake determine naked clerk obvious enabled safely hesitated coach moreover distinctly burn conception administration concern lesson treasure prosperity pull rang wrought romance theater tenderness trip elder absurd victim considering genuine startled previously fury depth rope jag drunk coup sale torn rarely succession receipt shaking lawyer relative hunting altar troubles blessing

WEEK 29-32 READING VOCABULARY
tendency definite feast persuaded shortly flow gazing passages whisper outer eighteen payment teacher princess returns finish independence sharply gloomy contrast magic manage gather wondering crossing wherever entity owe verses fruits central motive discourse hastened purple misfortune condemned gesture testimony lift conceived badly whereas perfection admirable responsibility relieved bears refuge user tiny examine corrupt dragged occupation emperor shared structure inch charges respectable inquiry preferred stirred lively obedience bride basis restrictions include complying chest pace construction limbs simplicity mingled vengeance represent masses wherein dank earnestly indifferent ruined vanity feed thereby novel cutting

WEEK 31-36 READING VOCABULARY
cure median breeze solitary determination deliver suitable defeat pointing suspect tear ranks composition feels male wandering doubtful purchase autumn invitation recall humor depend  disappointed unexpected imposed merchant induced huge responsible smell balance virtues assist laying pick conflict lane realize cotton eaten recognize cleared shoot beard feeble positive solicit estimate gathering maiden b locked defect revenge ton amusement respects forming desk wilt comparison enjoyment owed sensation summoned grasp jealous keeps  commander research privilege pleasures prize suggest physician inferior publication sincere slender narrative revolution mostly satisfy gloom disciplined zeal  veil silly foe procession

FREE 5th GRADE Common Core Reading ELA VOCABULARY WORDS

The list is an edited version of the (Project Gutenberg) most common written English words from a 2005 analysis.

5th Grade Spelling, Reading | ELA Tier 1 Vocabulary Words
WEEK 1-4 READING VOCABULARY
disappointment indifference grain precisely enable create indicated root engagement specific graceful fed instruction gracious knocked behalf seas horizon dies student steep assume petite losing tradition harmony alteration finest platform roses mutual compressed opportunities propose day's ventured childhood correspondence exquisite twenty-five submit wire ridiculous reserve disclaimers motives greed reckon injury agony wearing tragedy helpless proposition girl's convey unconscious flood hospital talent criticism pretext orange model thunder proceedings wheel stupid pays yonder fires customs extensive swiftly saddle furnish satisfactory hostile clock daring gallant appointment inevitable president someone stout pleasing slip emotions jealousy flour citizen fancied

WEEK 5-8 READING VOCABULARY
wages fastened stroke farmer culture reception inn visitor uncertain data disgrace spectacle curse plains rent monarch impressed sixteen scorn rolling roots tables concave funeral secretary mischief tour deceived pretended closer betrayed preparations confused romantic wedding accompany therein entertained messenger solution dollar longing shouldn't farewell knee jumped word-forms leisure originally pound paradise wilderness column assembly clothing deadly universe score weeping colonel covering fourteen hunger reminded daylight external feature sheet husband's stiff authors judges surrender silently occasional eastern federal translation repose arrangements reverence musical peaceful Shakespeare trembled dirty nest solitude

WEEK 9-12 READING VOCABULARY
pressing gravely chin prey objection joke income wept wandered department counted calmly artillery attained conceive ruins confessed  promptly destined preparation illness wing yielded outward flashed conquered obeyed starting sore strangely beach providence hint dispute neglect convenient mild siege metal parish shell establish leaf welling jest leagues advised vulgar indirectly heartily mixture lion lightning tobacco plot trusted recalled roar nobles railroad fetch hut planted assurance tomb bitterly pendant alas trick wake gratefully prayed candle painting mist powder Asia bishop lessons nerves primitive erected perpetual experiment specified dangers modification poisoning streams flames climate

WEEK 13-16 READING VOCABULARY
fortunes dig intend roused grandfather deserve sporting sunset others proceeding exclusion cunning confession chap pacific employ improvement paint mail dish certainly medicine esteem heels warriors lovers institution cares warmth merchants recognition alter beds cultivated drama vice affectionate quit climbed doorway effective damaged careless editor  prevailed easier tremendous deemed promises mot restless rises moderate steam arrange exempt meantime namely aged wrapped renewed shout garrison temporary pious undoubtedly Monday weapon pink wounds formidable shores straw statue chances saint obscure comparatively mirror desirable heap bin seize moonlight dine admire incomplete warned unlike protest representative commanding ashes

WEEK 17-20 READING VOCABULARY
vital chapel searched agitation recover i.e. representation coal abide giant nay chiefs donation justified capture identify flushed reproach sadly rays restore inform dramatic acid  remedy contract parting nephew maybe summit commands fatigue judged trunk pretend hunt salvation basket puzzled pursue pole distinguish dried pile linen acknowledge upward invention arrest net struggling medical calculate craft petite garments openly luxury shield economics file-name hopeless earthly abode spell remainder rifle greatness bestowed prominent cheer neighborhood bloody machinery heavenly nonsense furious doubts saints expecting manifest humor wife's justly cheap govern ample canoe piano retire selfish coin stole landing

WEEK 21-24 READING VOCABULARY
gladly letting prohibition motionless wash strict convention persuade healthy saving strictly  commons mate brass columns contented questioned curtain refer obviously professional products brother's combination injured discharge continent closing comrades ghost upright pack heroic stomach temperature attractive today picturesque shake purely embrace stately formats bushes timber glimpse reserved load limit grim innocence sailors incapable invisible center expectation wheels descent faded inquire fifth subsistence occupy leaped steamer major infantry cruelty enemy's impatience heir spared void riches loaded bedroom destiny disagreeable anguish proposal economy interval collection awakened unpleasant well-known secrets eldest faced folded plunged

WEEK 25-28 READING VOCABULARY
vivid fragments premier array widest drops uneasy elegant bells rescue robe bench smoking modified witnesses youthful oak willingly concept lowest lent upstairs intentions philosopher insult string hesitation faults theirs uses joint happily purse ashore awoke subtle avoided naval interfere alliance brass submitted rebellion loyal fence crushed deer dined endless madam replace leather surrounding gown abandon favorable Japan miracle inspiration favorable temptation hereafter slope trifle illustrious chase expressions memories violently floating welfare declaration jewels sphere we've eminent painter tie wheat electric fishing mainly sickness weep clasped breathed park guessed preliminary download ward

WEEK 29-32 READING VOCABULARY
shine wagon funny lady's rushing learn stretch imperial particulars consented lock translated anxiously sensitive wasted injustice punished courtesy lieutenant experiences dashed frontier anchor savages amiable temples amidst worry foul gallery exercised telephone cabinet prominently program immortal pockets encounter sunlight session sufferings seeming placing sublime doubted flowing formation steal crisis twenty-four convent lip suite twilight advise cell lean seal personally smiles halted hoping landscape murmur pan tempted conveyed border remembrance procure countrymen unity decent artificial speedily longed speeches commit

WEEK 33-36 READING VOCABULARY
desirous traces wealthy knock guilt perish conversion boiling lunch torture conspicuous channel appetite costume affect engine bitterness header despite dismiss morality anyway mains glowing majesty's project inaccurate protested pine artistic greeted woe considerably apprehension meanwhile inclination harsh breathe glasses introduce copper significance boldly sermon curiously unworthy designs erect extend flies personality differences prudent amazement reform porter heed deserved rejoined nobility latitude milieu shooting peasant veins witnessed normal response legislation estates retain recommend resemblance  purity spoke encourage minor loudly induce thread infringement prejudice guards dislike


Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Fluency Passages Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | Reading Fluency Assessments


Reading fluency passages, fluency drills, and or reading fluency assessments are a quick method of assessing a child's basic reading level and fluency by examining both accuracy and the types of miscues, omissions, substitutions or tracking errors.

A fluency drill combined with a concise running record gives the teacher and students feedback whether materials being read are too easy, too difficult, or the reading rate impairs comprehension. Fluency passages with running records serves as an indicator of the areas where a child's reading can improve and can be used to identify students that are at risk using them with a schools Response to Intervention program.

Students in grades 2 and up can be trained to proctor fluency drills and collect basic data for a running record. My students do 5-10 fluency drills the first 20 days of school to build fluency and accuracy. Students that struggle to read at a sufficient rate will retain almost zero content.

Reading Fluency and Speed Reading Drills

Reading Fluency and Speed Reading Drills

Use the Free PDF fluency drills below for 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th grade. This is a small sample from my Eclectic Speller that the students use to have fun reading and build reading fluency.

DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring First Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Second Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Third Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Fourth Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Fifth Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Sixth Grade Scoring Booklet
Oral Reading Fluency Passages Grades 1-5


Sample Reading Fluency Drills all grades

Fluency Drills By Grade Level
Fluency Drills: 6th Grade
Fluency Drills: 5th Grade
Fluency Drills: 4th Grade
Fluency Drills: 3rd Grade
Fluency Drills: 2nd Grade

Struggling Readers read less than ten
pages per day that's about 2,000-4,000
words per day, or 400,000 words for
the whole year!

Reading Boot Camp students read
27,000 to 40,000 words per day for 20
days. A half million words read in 20
days! That’s 180 to 240 minutes of on task
decoding daily.

Free Fluency Charts Pdf. and doc. files
Reading Fluency Charts 
Repeated Reading Chart


Fluency is the foundation of reading comprehension. Students that read slowly have little to no recall. The five domains of reading are all important yet fluency is often a after thought. Focusing on fluency will directly impact on comprehension and recall.



1. Vocabulary: 

The four types of vocabulary. 
auditory, 
spoken, 

reading, 

writing

2. Phonemic Awareness:  is a subset of phonological awareness in which listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes, the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Separating the spoken word "cat" into three distinct phonemes, /k/, /æ/, and /t/, requires phonemic awareness.

3. Phonics : refers to a method for teaching speakers of English to read and write that language. Phonics involves teaching how to connect the sounds of spoken English with letters or groups of letters (e.g., that the sound /k/ can be represented by c, k, ck, ch, or q spellings) and teaching them to blend the sounds of letters together to produce approximate pronunciations of unknown words.

4. Fluency: is the ability to read text accurately and quickly. Fluency bridges word decoding and comprehension. Comprehension is understanding what has been read. Fluency is a set of skills that allows readers to rapidly decode text while maintaining a high level of comprehension (National Reading Panel, 2001).

5. Reading Comprehension: is defined as the level of understanding of a writing

Students learn to read about 300-1000 words per year!


Please Email me for free fluency drills.


Repeated reading and rereading of vocabulary controlled materials

Student reads the same material a number of times per day
One minute drills range from a Lexile of 500 to 1100 for
intermediate students, and 150 to 450 for primary students.

General procedure
• Raw-timing (one, five, ten minutes) New Passages
• Practice rereading of controlled material to increase fluency
• Hot-timing (one, five, ten, twenty, up to sixty minute timing for endurance)

Coupled with the following immediate interventions
Modeling done by teacher, and peers

Peers Administers Fluency Charts to Speed Evaluation

Students self-monitoring of progress through graphing wpm rate


Sample Fluency Drill

One Minute Timed Fluency Test 4th grade   
3.9 RL Lexile  675
Snow-white and Rose-red

1. There was once a poor widow who lived in a lonely cottage. In front of
the cottage was a garden wherein stood two rose-trees, one of which
bore white and the other red roses. She had two children who were like
the two rose-trees, and one was called Snow-white, and the other Rose-red.
They were as good and happy, as busy and cheerful as ever two
children in the world were, only Snow-white was more quiet and gentle
than Rose-red. Rose-red liked better to run about in the meadows and
fields seeking flowers and catching butterflies; but Snow-white sat at
home with her mother, and helped her with her housework, or read to
her when there was nothing to do. 124 WPM

2. The two children were so fond of one another that they always held
each other by the hand when they went out together, and when Snow-white
said: 'We will not leave each other,' Rose-red answered: 'Never so
long as we live,' and their mother would add: 'What one has she must
share with the other.' 182 WPM

Sample Fluency Drill

One Minute Timed Fluency Test 4th grade 
Reading Level  9.8

1. Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and
of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister
was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, “and what is the use
of a book,” thought Alice, “without pictures or conversation?” 57 WPM

2. So she was considering, in her own mind (as well as she could, for the hot
day made her feel very sleepy and stupid), whether the pleasure of making a
daisy-chain would be worth the trouble of getting up and picking the daisies,
when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink eyes ran close by her. 114 WPM

3. There was nothing so very remarkable in that; nor did Alice think it so very
much out of the way to hear the Rabbit say to itself “Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall
be too late!” (when she thought it over afterwards, it occurred to her that she
ought to have wondered at this, but at the time it all seemed quite natural); but
when the Rabbit actually took a watch out of its waistcoat-pocket, and looked
at it, and then hurried on, Alice started to her feet, for it flashed across her mind
that she had never before seen a rabbit with either a waistcoat-pocket, or a
watch to take out of it, and, burning with curiosity, she ran across the field
after it, and was just in time to see it pop down a large rabbit-hole under the
hedge. In another moment down went Alice after it, never once considering
how in the world she was to get out again. 278 WPM


Grade Level Fluency Goals

1st Grade 80 Words Correct Per Minute
2nd           140 WCPM
3rd           160 
4th           180 
5th           195 
6th           205 
7th           210 
8th           215 


Fluency Drills 1st Grade

Ned has fed the hen.
She is a black hen.
She has left the nest.
See the eggs in the nest! 21

Will the hen let Ned get them?
Let me get the black hen. 35

Now Ned has it in his hand,
and he is a big man.
Nat, see the big man
with his black hat. 58

Ned is on the box.
He has a pen in his hand.
A big fat rat is in the box.
Can the dog catch the fat rat?86

Come with me, Ann,
and see the man with
a black hat on his head.101

The fat hen has left the nest.
Run, Nat, and get the eggs. 114

VOCABULARY LESSON

head he Nat come with and on

pat catch has left hat can

black eggs Rab Ann fed get

Fluency Drill 1st Grade

Do you see Nell?

Yes; she has a pan with some eggs in it.
Let me have the pan and the eggs, will you, Nell?
Has the black hen left the nest?
I will now run to catch Rob. Will you run, too? 43

Oh Ben! let me get in, will you?
Yes, if you will sit still.
Stand still, Jill, and let Ann get in.
Now, Ben, hand me the whip.
Get up, Jill!75


Kitty has a nice pet. It can sing a sweet song.
She has just fed it.
She will now put it in the cage,
and hang the cage up. Then the cat can
not catch it. 111


Look at Tom and his dog.
The dog has a black spot on his back.
Do you think he is a good dog?
Tom has a big top, too. It is on the box with Kitty's doll. 149

Fluency Drill 1st Grade

The sun is up.

The man has fed the black hen and the fat duck.
Now the duck will swim in the pond. The hen has run to her nest.
Let us not stop at the pond now, for it is hot.
See how still it is! We will go to see Tom and his top. 52

O John! the sun has just set. It is not hot, now.
Let us run and jump. I think it is fun to run, and skip, and jump.
See the duck on the pond! Her nest is up on the bank, under the rock.
We must not touch the nest, but we may look at it. 109

The sun has set, and the pond is still.
John, Ned, Ben, Tom, and Nell stand on the bank, and look at the duck.
The dog with a black spot on his back, is with Tom. See! Tom has his hat
in his hand. He has left his big top on the box.
Kitty's doll is on the rock. Nell has put her pet in the cage. It will
sing a sweet song. The duck has her nest under the rock. 191

It is not hot now. Let us run, and skip, and jump on the bank. Do you not
think it is fun? 214



Kate has gone to play with Mary and James.
They are all in the shade, now, by the brook.
James digs in the soft sand with his spade, and Mary picks up little
stones and puts them in her lap. James and Mary are glad to see Kate.
She will help them pick up stones and dig, by the little brook. 52

"What shall we do?" said Mary to James. "I do not like to sit still. Shall
we hunt for eggs in the barn?" "No" said James; "I like to play on the grass. 
Will not papa let us catch Prince, and go to the big woods?"
"We can put the tent in the cart, and go to some nice spot where the grass
is soft and sweet." "That will be fine," said Kate. "I will get my doll, 
and give her a ride with us." 138 

"Yes," said James, "and we will get mamma to go, too. She will hang up a
swing for us in the shade." "I will get my kite, and see it fly.
This is a fine day. The sun shines bright. There is a good wind, 
and my kite flies high. I can just see it. The sun shines in my eyes; 
I will stand in the shade of this high fence. 

Why, here comes my dog! He was under the cart. Did you see him there?
What a good time we have had! Are you not glad that we did not go to the woods with James? 246


The Fluency Drill Contained Next Are Made From The 
CST RELEASED TEST FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES

English-Language Arts
Grade 2 English-language arts (PDF; 819KB; 46pp.)
Grade 3 English-language arts (PDF; 877KB; 45pp.)
Grade 4 English-language arts (PDF; 1.9MB; 73pp.)
Grade 5 English-language arts (PDF; 883KB; 66pp.)
Grade 6 English-language arts (PDF; 991KB; 61pp.)
Grade 7 English-language arts (PDF; 848KB; 69pp.)
Grade 8 English-language arts (PDF; 933KB; 67pp.)
Grade 9 English-language arts (PDF; 1.5MB; 71pp.)
Grade 10 English-language arts (PDF; 2.7MB; 76pp.)
Grade 11 English-language arts (PDF; 809KB; 70pp.)




SECOND GRADE FLUENCY DRILLS Sample made from released State Standardized Test

Samples are for educational purpose only, full released test can be found at the California Department of Education website. 



READING LEVEL 2nd GRADE
Fall Flowers
As summer ends and fall begins, you can still enjoy spring flowers—inside! It’s an easy way to make your home look pretty. 22 WCPM

Some flowers grow from seeds. Other flowers, such as tulips, grow from bulbs. A flower bulb looks like an onion. Some bulbs are as big as eggs. Flowers grown from bulbs come in many different colors. 58 WCPM

Some bulb flowers are easier than others to grow inside. A good one to try first is called a paperwhite. As many as twelve sweet-smelling flowers can grow from one paperwhite bulb. WCPM 90



READING LEVEL 2nd GRADE
The Drum — A Tale from India
1 Long ago in India, a boy named Sonu and his mother were walking home from the market. Along the way, Mother stopped and picked up a stick. “Here is a fine stick, Sonu,” she said. “I’m
sorry it is not a drum. I know that you have been wishing for one.” WCPM 53
2 “Thank you, Mother,” said Sonu, taking the long piece of wood. He knew that she would buy him a drum if she had the money. WCPM 81
3 Soon they met a woman who was trying to start a fire. Her fire would not light. “Here,” said Sonu, handing her his stick. The woman used the stick to start the fire. Then she gave Sonu a chapati, a round, flat bread. WCPM 129
4 Next Sonu and his mother met a man and a little girl. The girl was hungry, so Sonu gave her
his bread. “Here, take this drum,” said the man. “Someone gave it to my daughter, but she
doesn’t need it.” WCPM 171
READING LEVEL 2nd GRADE
The Blue Feather — A Tale from Brazil
1 Mia lived by the great Amazon River. One day her mother gave her a pretty blue feather. WCPM 17
2 Mia wanted to show the feather to her friend Nali. She put the feather in her basket and told her mother where she was going. Nali lived nearby in a hut by the river. WCPM 53
3 Walking on the path along the river, Mia saw a red flower. As she bent to pick up the flower, the wind blew the blue feather up into the air! Mia could not catch the feather. She sighed and put the red flower in her basket. WCPM 100
4 Then a yellow butterfly flew in front of Mia. Running to catch the butterfly, Mia dropped her basket. The red flower fell out, and the wind carried it out onto the river. WCPM 135
5 Mia sighed and picked up her basket. Looking up, Mia saw the yellow butterfly land on a branch where there was a bluebird. The bluebird flew away, dropping one of its beautiful blue feathers near Mia’s feet! WCPM 176
6 Happily, Mia picked up the feather and hurried to her friend’s house. WCPM 190

THIRD GRADE FLUENCY DRILLS
READING LEVEL 3rd GRADE
Dolores Huerta
1 Dolores Huerta has worked hard most of her life to help other people. She has helped change things so that farm workers can have a better life. WCPM 27
2 Dolores grew up in California. She was a good student and liked school. After she finished high school, she went to college and studied to be a teacher. After she became a teacher, Dolores noticed that many of her students were not getting enough food to eat. Some of them wore very old clothes. Dolores wondered how she could help them. WCPM 92
3 Dolores decided to stop teaching so that she could spend more time helping the farm workers and their families. Dolores did not want to quit her job. She liked teaching, but she thought she could help the children more by helping their families. One thing she wanted to do was to get more pay for farm workers so they could buy their children the things they needed. WCPM 162
4 Dolores knew that many farm workers move often from one place to another to help pick different kinds of fruits and vegetables, like lettuce and grapes. She began talking and writing about these workers. Even people who lived far from California read what Dolores wrote. WCPM 210
5 Getting higher pay for the farm workers was not easy. Dolores worked hard to make sure that farm workers got fair pay for their work. She knew that nothing would change unless people made new laws to help the workers. Through all her hard work, new laws were made that gave farm workers fair pay. WCPM 268
6 Dolores Huerta has worked for more than 30 years in many different ways to make life better for working people. She has shown how much one person can change things. WCPM300



READING LEVEL 3rd GRADE
Sugar Comes Home
1 Sugar the cat belonged to Mr. and Mrs. Woods. Her fur was white like sugar. That is how she got her name. The cat was sweet like sugar too. She was a pleasant pet. She did have a bump on one leg, but Mr. and Mrs. Woods thought that Sugar was just right. WCPM 54
2 The Woods family lived in California. They had lived there for a long time. One day they had to move to another state. It would be a long drive to their new home. Sugar did not like to ride in a car. The family did not know what to do. WCPM 105
3 The neighbors who lived next door wanted a cat and said they would keep Sugar. Sugar would not have to move or ride in a car. Everyone thought that would please her. WCPM 139
4 The Woods family packed the car. They said goodbye to Sugar. They would miss their cat, but Sugar would have a comfortable home. WCPM 164
5 The Woods family moved to Oklahoma, which was far from California. They started a new life and were cozy, but they often thought of their cat. One day Mrs. Woods was in the barn. A cat came in the open door. The cat was wet and dirty, but, under the dirt, its fur was white. It was white like sugar. WCPM 227
6 The cat purred softly and jumped into Mrs. Woods’ arms. Mrs. Woods felt she knew the cat, but her cat lived far away. Then she saw something. There was a bump on its leg! The cat was Sugar! WCPM 265
7 Mr. and Mrs. Woods learned that Sugar had run away from home. Somehow the cat had walked more than 1,000 miles. The trip had taken the cat more than one year. They did not understand how Sugar had found them, but they were delighted that she did! WCPM 318

More to Come!

Fluency Drill 1st Grade


Oh Kate! 
The old cow is in the pond: see her drink!
Will she not come out to get some grass?
No, Tom, she likes to be in the pond. See how still she stands!
The dear old cow gives us sweet milk to drink. 43

Papa, will you let me ride with you on Prince? I will sit still in your arms.
See, mamma! We are both on Prince. How large he is!
Get up, Prince! You are not too fat to trot as far as the barn.
Did you call us, mamma? 92

I went with Tom to the pond. I had my doll, and Tom had his flag.
The fat duck swam to the bank, and we fed her.
Did you think we might fall into the pond?
We did not go too near, did we, Tom?
May we go to the swing, now, mamma? 148

John Carter: A Prisoner 
Reading Practice Passage

We had gone perhaps ten miles when the ground began to rise very rapidly.
We were, as I was later to learn, nearing the edge of one of Mars'
long-dead seas, in the bottom of which my encounter with the Martians
had taken place. WCPM 44

In a short time we gained the foot of the mountains, and after traversing
a narrow gorge came to an open valley, at the far extremity of which
was a low table land upon which I beheld an enormous city. Toward this
we galloped, entering it by what appeared to be a ruined roadway leading
out from the city, but only to the edge of the table land, where it
ended abruptly in a flight of broad steps. WCPM 125

Upon closer observation I saw as we passed them that the buildings
were deserted, and while not greatly decayed had the appearance of not
having been tenanted for years, possibly for ages. Toward the center of
the city was a large plaza, and upon this and in the buildings immediately
surrounding it were camped some nine or ten hundred creatures of
the same breed as my captors, for such I now considered them despite
the suave manner in which I had been trapped. WCPM 209

With the exception of their ornaments all were unclothed. The women varied
in appearance but little from the men, except that their tusks were
much larger in proportion to their height, in some instances curving
nearly to their high-set ears. Their bodies were smaller and lighter in color,
and their fingers and toes bore the rudiments of nails, which were entirely
lacking among the males. The adult females ranged in height from
ten to twelve feet. WCPM 289

What was the state of the dwellings in the city, particularly the state of habitation?
A. The dwellings seem to have recent tenants.
B. The dwellings are inhabited and in pristine condition.
C. The city is slightly damaged with no apparent habitation.

 John Carter: My Advent on Mars
 Reading Practice Passage

I opened my eyes upon a strange and weird landscape. I knew that I was
on Mars; not once did I question either my sanity or my wakefulness. I
was not asleep, no need for pinching here; my inner consciousness told
me as plainly that I was upon Mars as your conscious mind tells you that
you are upon Earth. You do not question the fact; neither did I.
I found myself lying prone upon a bed of yellowish, moss-like vegetation
which stretched around me in all directions for interminable miles. I
seemed to be lying in a deep, circular basin, along the outer verge of
which I could distinguish the irregularities of low hills. WCPM 115

It was midday, the sun was shining full upon me and the heat of it was
rather intense upon my unclothed body, yet no greater than would have
been true under similar conditions on an Arizona desert. Here and there
were slight outcroppings of quartz-bearing rock which glistened in the
sunlight; and a little to my left, perhaps a hundred yards, appeared a
low, walled enclosure about four feet in height. No water, and no other
vegetation than the moss was in evidence, and as I was somewhat thirsty
I determined to do a little exploring. WCPM 212

Springing to my feet I received my first Martian surprise, for the effort,
which on Earth would have brought me standing upright, carried me into
the Martian air to the height of about three yards. I alighted softly
upon the ground, however, without appreciable shock or jar. Now commenced
a series of evolutions which even then seemed ludicrous in the
extreme. I found that I must learn to walk all over again, as the muscular
exertion which carried me easily and safely upon Earth played strange
antics with me upon Mars. WCPM 303

The terrain is similar to the Arizona Desert in what way?
A. The rocks are shimmering and covered with moss.
B. The terrain is arid and hot with no deciduous flora.
C. The land looks like Arizona with cacti and large rock outcroppings.

Sunday, November 25, 2012

Fluency Goals | Fluency Goals Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8


Speed Reading Fluency Goals | Reading Fluency Goals
Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 | The grade level
fluency goals are set at the 90% end of year grade level!
"Grade Level Fluency Goals"

1st Grade 80 Words Correct Per Minute
2nd Grade 140 Words Correct Per Minute
3rd Grade 160 Words Correct Per Minute
4th Grade 180 Words Correct Per Minute
5th Grade 195 Words Correct Per Minute
6th Grade 205 Words Correct Per Minute
7th Grade 210 Words Correct Per Minute
8th Grade 215 Words Correct Per Minute
9th Grade 220 Words Correct Per Minute
10th Grade 220 Words Correct Per Minute

Reading Fluency and Speed Reading Drills

Use the Free PDF fluency drills below for 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th grade. This is a small sample from my Eclectic Speller that the students use to have fun reading and build reading fluency.

Sample Reading Fluency Drills all grades

 Fluency Drills By Grade Level

Fluency Drills: 6th Grade

Fluency Drills: 5th Grade

Fluency Drills: 4th Grade

Fluency Drills: 3rd Grade

Fluency Drills: 2nd Grade



Struggling Readers read less than ten
pages per day that's about 2,000-4,000
words per day, or 400,000 words for
the whole year!

Reading Boot Camp students read
27,000 to 40,000 words per day for 20
days. A half million words read in 20
days! That’s 180 to 240 minutes of on task
decoding daily.

Free Fluency Charts Pdf. and doc. files
Reading Fluency Charts 
Repeated Reading Chart


Fluency is the foundation of reading comprehension. Students that read slowly have little to no recall. The five domains of reading are all important yet fluency is often a after thought. Focusing on fluency will directly impact on comprehension and recall.



1. Vocabulary: 

The four types of vocabulary. 
auditory, 
spoken, 

reading, 

writing

2. Phonemic Awareness:  is a subset of phonological awareness in which listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes, the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Separating the spoken word "cat" into three distinct phonemes, /k/, /æ/, and /t/, requires phonemic awareness.

3. Phonics : refers to a method for teaching speakers of English to read and write that language. Phonics involves teaching how to connect the sounds of spoken English with letters or groups of letters (e.g., that the sound /k/ can be represented by c, k, ck, ch, or q spellings) and teaching them to blend the sounds of letters together to produce approximate pronunciations of unknown words.

4. Fluency: is the ability to read text accurately and quickly. Fluency bridges word decoding and comprehension. Comprehension is understanding what has been read. Fluency is a set of skills that allows readers to rapidly decode text while maintaining a high level of comprehension (National Reading Panel, 2001).

5. Reading Comprehension: is defined as the level of understanding of a writing

Students learn to read about 300-1000 words per year!


Please Email me for free fluency drills.


Repeated reading and rereading of vocabulary controlled materials

Student reads the same material a number of times per day
One minute drills range from a Lexile of 500 to 1100 for
intermediate students, and 150 to 450 for primary students.

General procedure
• Raw-timing (one, five, ten minutes) New Passages
• Practice rereading of controlled material to increase fluency
• Hot-timing (one, five, ten, twenty, up to sixty minute timing for endurance)

Coupled with the following immediate interventions
Modeling done by teacher, and peers

Peers Administers Fluency Charts to Speed Evaluation


Students self-monitoring of progress through graphing wpm rate


Sample Fluency Drill

One Minute Timed Fluency Test 4th grade   
3.9 RL Lexile  675
Snow-white and Rose-red


1. There was once a poor widow who lived in a lonely cottage. In front of
the cottage was a garden wherein stood two rose-trees, one of which
bore white and the other red roses. She had two children who were like
the two rose-trees, and one was called Snow-white, and the other Rose-red.
They were as good and happy, as busy and cheerful as ever two
children in the world were, only Snow-white was more quiet and gentle
than Rose-red. Rose-red liked better to run about in the meadows and
fields seeking flowers and catching butterflies; but Snow-white sat at
home with her mother, and helped her with her housework, or read to
her when there was nothing to do. 124 WPM

2. The two children were so fond of one another that they always held
each other by the hand when they went out together, and when Snow-white
said: 'We will not leave each other,' Rose-red answered: 'Never so
long as we live,' and their mother would add: 'What one has she must
share with the other.' 182 WPM

Sample Fluency Drill


One Minute Timed Fluency Test 4th grade 
Reading Level  9.8


1. Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and
of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister
was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, “and what is the use
of a book,” thought Alice, “without pictures or conversation?” 57 WPM

2. So she was considering, in her own mind (as well as she could, for the hot
day made her feel very sleepy and stupid), whether the pleasure of making a
daisy-chain would be worth the trouble of getting up and picking the daisies,
when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink eyes ran close by her. 114 WPM

3. There was nothing so very remarkable in that; nor did Alice think it so very
much out of the way to hear the Rabbit say to itself “Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall
be too late!” (when she thought it over afterwards, it occurred to her that she
ought to have wondered at this, but at the time it all seemed quite natural); but
when the Rabbit actually took a watch out of its waistcoat-pocket, and looked
at it, and then hurried on, Alice started to her feet, for it flashed across her mind
that she had never before seen a rabbit with either a waistcoat-pocket, or a
watch to take out of it, and, burning with curiosity, she ran across the field
after it, and was just in time to see it pop down a large rabbit-hole under the
hedge. In another moment down went Alice after it, never once considering
how in the world she was to get out again. 278 WPM



Fluency Drills 1st Grade

Ned has fed the hen.
She is a black hen.
She has left the nest.
See the eggs in the nest! 21

Will the hen let Ned get them?
Let me get the black hen. 35

Now Ned has it in his hand,
and he is a big man.
Nat, see the big man
with his black hat. 58

Ned is on the box.
He has a pen in his hand.
A big fat rat is in the box.
Can the dog catch the fat rat?86

Come with me, Ann,
and see the man with
a black hat on his head.101

The fat hen has left the nest.
Run, Nat, and get the eggs. 114

VOCABULARY LESSON

head he Nat come with and on

pat catch has left hat can

black eggs Rab Ann fed get

Fluency Drill 1st Grade

Do you see Nell?

Yes; she has a pan with some eggs in it.
Let me have the pan and the eggs, will you, Nell?
Has the black hen left the nest?
I will now run to catch Rob. Will you run, too? 43

Oh Ben! let me get in, will you?
Yes, if you will sit still.
Stand still, Jill, and let Ann get in.
Now, Ben, hand me the whip.
Get up, Jill!75


Kitty has a nice pet. It can sing a sweet song.
She has just fed it.
She will now put it in the cage,
and hang the cage up. Then the cat can
not catch it. 111


Look at Tom and his dog.
The dog has a black spot on his back.
Do you think he is a good dog?
Tom has a big top, too. It is on the box with Kitty's doll. 149


Fluency Drill 1st Grade

The sun is up.

The man has fed the black hen and the fat duck.
Now the duck will swim in the pond. The hen has run to her nest.
Let us not stop at the pond now, for it is hot.
See how still it is! We will go to see Tom and his top. 52

O John! the sun has just set. It is not hot, now.
Let us run and jump. I think it is fun to run, and skip, and jump.
See the duck on the pond! Her nest is up on the bank, under the rock.
We must not touch the nest, but we may look at it. 109

The sun has set, and the pond is still.
John, Ned, Ben, Tom, and Nell stand on the bank, and look at the duck.
The dog with a black spot on his back, is with Tom. See! Tom has his hat
in his hand. He has left his big top on the box.
Kitty's doll is on the rock. Nell has put her pet in the cage. It will
sing a sweet song. The duck has her nest under the rock. 191

It is not hot now. Let us run, and skip, and jump on the bank. Do you not
think it is fun? 214





Kate has gone to play with Mary and James.
They are all in the shade, now, by the brook.
James digs in the soft sand with his spade, and Mary picks up little
stones and puts them in her lap. James and Mary are glad to see Kate.
She will help them pick up stones and dig, by the little brook. 52

"What shall we do?" said Mary to James. "I do not like to sit still. Shall
we hunt for eggs in the barn?" "No" said James; "I like to play on the grass. 
Will not papa let us catch Prince, and go to the big woods?"
"We can put the tent in the cart, and go to some nice spot where the grass
is soft and sweet." "That will be fine," said Kate. "I will get my doll, 
and give her a ride with us." 138 

"Yes," said James, "and we will get mamma to go, too. She will hang up a
swing for us in the shade." "I will get my kite, and see it fly.
This is a fine day. The sun shines bright. There is a good wind, 
and my kite flies high. I can just see it. The sun shines in my eyes; 
I will stand in the shade of this high fence. 

Why, here comes my dog! He was under the cart. Did you see him there?
What a good time we have had! Are you not glad that we did not go to the woods with James? 246




The Fluency Drill Contained Next Are Made From The 
CST RELEASED TEST FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES

English-Language Arts
Grade 2 English-language arts (PDF; 819KB; 46pp.)
Grade 3 English-language arts (PDF; 877KB; 45pp.)
Grade 4 English-language arts (PDF; 1.9MB; 73pp.)
Grade 5 English-language arts (PDF; 883KB; 66pp.)
Grade 6 English-language arts (PDF; 991KB; 61pp.)
Grade 7 English-language arts (PDF; 848KB; 69pp.)
Grade 8 English-language arts (PDF; 933KB; 67pp.)
Grade 9 English-language arts (PDF; 1.5MB; 71pp.)
Grade 10 English-language arts (PDF; 2.7MB; 76pp.)
Grade 11 English-language arts (PDF; 809KB; 70pp.)






SECOND GRADE FLUENCY DRILLS Sample made from released State Standardized Test


Samples are for educational purpose only, full released test can be found at the California Department of Education website. 




READING LEVEL 2nd GRADE
Fall Flowers
As summer ends and fall begins, you can still enjoy spring flowers—inside! It’s an easy way to make your home look pretty. 22 WCPM

Some flowers grow from seeds. Other flowers, such as tulips, grow from bulbs. A flower bulb looks like an onion. Some bulbs are as big as eggs. Flowers grown from bulbs come in many different colors. 58 WCPM

Some bulb flowers are easier than others to grow inside. A good one to try first is called a paperwhite. As many as twelve sweet-smelling flowers can grow from one paperwhite bulb. WCPM 90



READING LEVEL 2nd GRADE
The Drum — A Tale from India
1 Long ago in India, a boy named Sonu and his mother were walking home from the market. Along the way, Mother stopped and picked up a stick. “Here is a fine stick, Sonu,” she said. “I’m
sorry it is not a drum. I know that you have been wishing for one.” WCPM 53
2 “Thank you, Mother,” said Sonu, taking the long piece of wood. He knew that she would buy him a drum if she had the money. WCPM 81
3 Soon they met a woman who was trying to start a fire. Her fire would not light. “Here,” said Sonu, handing her his stick. The woman used the stick to start the fire. Then she gave Sonu a chapati, a round, flat bread. WCPM 129
4 Next Sonu and his mother met a man and a little girl. The girl was hungry, so Sonu gave her
his bread. “Here, take this drum,” said the man. “Someone gave it to my daughter, but she
doesn’t need it.” WCPM 171
READING LEVEL 2nd GRADE
The Blue Feather — A Tale from Brazil
1 Mia lived by the great Amazon River. One day her mother gave her a pretty blue feather. WCPM 17
2 Mia wanted to show the feather to her friend Nali. She put the feather in her basket and told her mother where she was going. Nali lived nearby in a hut by the river. WCPM 53
3 Walking on the path along the river, Mia saw a red flower. As she bent to pick up the flower, the wind blew the blue feather up into the air! Mia could not catch the feather. She sighed and put the red flower in her basket. WCPM 100
4 Then a yellow butterfly flew in front of Mia. Running to catch the butterfly, Mia dropped her basket. The red flower fell out, and the wind carried it out onto the river. WCPM 135
5 Mia sighed and picked up her basket. Looking up, Mia saw the yellow butterfly land on a branch where there was a bluebird. The bluebird flew away, dropping one of its beautiful blue feathers near Mia’s feet! WCPM 176
6 Happily, Mia picked up the feather and hurried to her friend’s house. WCPM 190

THIRD GRADE FLUENCY DRILLS
READING LEVEL 3rd GRADE
Dolores Huerta
1 Dolores Huerta has worked hard most of her life to help other people. She has helped change things so that farm workers can have a better life. WCPM 27
2 Dolores grew up in California. She was a good student and liked school. After she finished high school, she went to college and studied to be a teacher. After she became a teacher, Dolores noticed that many of her students were not getting enough food to eat. Some of them wore very old clothes. Dolores wondered how she could help them. WCPM 92
3 Dolores decided to stop teaching so that she could spend more time helping the farm workers and their families. Dolores did not want to quit her job. She liked teaching, but she thought she could help the children more by helping their families. One thing she wanted to do was to get more pay for farm workers so they could buy their children the things they needed. WCPM 162
4 Dolores knew that many farm workers move often from one place to another to help pick different kinds of fruits and vegetables, like lettuce and grapes. She began talking and writing about these workers. Even people who lived far from California read what Dolores wrote. WCPM 210
5 Getting higher pay for the farm workers was not easy. Dolores worked hard to make sure that farm workers got fair pay for their work. She knew that nothing would change unless people made new laws to help the workers. Through all her hard work, new laws were made that gave farm workers fair pay. WCPM 268
6 Dolores Huerta has worked for more than 30 years in many different ways to make life better for working people. She has shown how much one person can change things. WCPM300



READING LEVEL 3rd GRADE
Sugar Comes Home
1 Sugar the cat belonged to Mr. and Mrs. Woods. Her fur was white like sugar. That is how she got her name. The cat was sweet like sugar too. She was a pleasant pet. She did have a bump on one leg, but Mr. and Mrs. Woods thought that Sugar was just right. WCPM 54
2 The Woods family lived in California. They had lived there for a long time. One day they had to move to another state. It would be a long drive to their new home. Sugar did not like to ride in a car. The family did not know what to do. WCPM 105
3 The neighbors who lived next door wanted a cat and said they would keep Sugar. Sugar would not have to move or ride in a car. Everyone thought that would please her. WCPM 139
4 The Woods family packed the car. They said goodbye to Sugar. They would miss their cat, but Sugar would have a comfortable home. WCPM 164
5 The Woods family moved to Oklahoma, which was far from California. They started a new life and were cozy, but they often thought of their cat. One day Mrs. Woods was in the barn. A cat came in the open door. The cat was wet and dirty, but, under the dirt, its fur was white. It was white like sugar. WCPM 227
6 The cat purred softly and jumped into Mrs. Woods’ arms. Mrs. Woods felt she knew the cat, but her cat lived far away. Then she saw something. There was a bump on its leg! The cat was Sugar! WCPM 265
7 Mr. and Mrs. Woods learned that Sugar had run away from home. Somehow the cat had walked more than 1,000 miles. The trip had taken the cat more than one year. They did not understand how Sugar had found them, but they were delighted that she did! WCPM 318

More to Come!

Fluency Drill 1st Grade


Oh Kate! 
The old cow is in the pond: see her drink!
Will she not come out to get some grass?
No, Tom, she likes to be in the pond. See how still she stands!
The dear old cow gives us sweet milk to drink. 43

Papa, will you let me ride with you on Prince? I will sit still in your arms.
See, mamma! We are both on Prince. How large he is!
Get up, Prince! You are not too fat to trot as far as the barn.
Did you call us, mamma? 92

I went with Tom to the pond. I had my doll, and Tom had his flag.
The fat duck swam to the bank, and we fed her.
Did you think we might fall into the pond?
We did not go too near, did we, Tom?
May we go to the swing, now, mamma? 148

John Carter: A Prisoner 
Reading Practice Passage

We had gone perhaps ten miles when the ground began to rise very rapidly.
We were, as I was later to learn, nearing the edge of one of Mars'
long-dead seas, in the bottom of which my encounter with the Martians
had taken place. WCPM 44

In a short time we gained the foot of the mountains, and after traversing
a narrow gorge came to an open valley, at the far extremity of which
was a low table land upon which I beheld an enormous city. Toward this
we galloped, entering it by what appeared to be a ruined roadway leading
out from the city, but only to the edge of the table land, where it
ended abruptly in a flight of broad steps. WCPM 125

Upon closer observation I saw as we passed them that the buildings
were deserted, and while not greatly decayed had the appearance of not
having been tenanted for years, possibly for ages. Toward the center of
the city was a large plaza, and upon this and in the buildings immediately
surrounding it were camped some nine or ten hundred creatures of
the same breed as my captors, for such I now considered them despite
the suave manner in which I had been trapped. WCPM 209

With the exception of their ornaments all were unclothed. The women varied
in appearance but little from the men, except that their tusks were
much larger in proportion to their height, in some instances curving
nearly to their high-set ears. Their bodies were smaller and lighter in color,
and their fingers and toes bore the rudiments of nails, which were entirely
lacking among the males. The adult females ranged in height from
ten to twelve feet. WCPM 289

What was the state of the dwellings in the city, particularly the state of habitation?
A. The dwellings seem to have recent tenants.
B. The dwellings are inhabited and in pristine condition.
C. The city is slightly damaged with no apparent habitation.

 John Carter: My Advent on Mars
 Reading Practice Passage

I opened my eyes upon a strange and weird landscape. I knew that I was
on Mars; not once did I question either my sanity or my wakefulness. I
was not asleep, no need for pinching here; my inner consciousness told
me as plainly that I was upon Mars as your conscious mind tells you that
you are upon Earth. You do not question the fact; neither did I.
I found myself lying prone upon a bed of yellowish, moss-like vegetation
which stretched around me in all directions for interminable miles. I
seemed to be lying in a deep, circular basin, along the outer verge of
which I could distinguish the irregularities of low hills. WCPM 115

It was midday, the sun was shining full upon me and the heat of it was
rather intense upon my unclothed body, yet no greater than would have
been true under similar conditions on an Arizona desert. Here and there
were slight outcroppings of quartz-bearing rock which glistened in the
sunlight; and a little to my left, perhaps a hundred yards, appeared a
low, walled enclosure about four feet in height. No water, and no other
vegetation than the moss was in evidence, and as I was somewhat thirsty
I determined to do a little exploring. WCPM 212

Springing to my feet I received my first Martian surprise, for the effort,
which on Earth would have brought me standing upright, carried me into
the Martian air to the height of about three yards. I alighted softly
upon the ground, however, without appreciable shock or jar. Now commenced
a series of evolutions which even then seemed ludicrous in the
extreme. I found that I must learn to walk all over again, as the muscular
exertion which carried me easily and safely upon Earth played strange
antics with me upon Mars. WCPM 303

The terrain is similar to the Arizona Desert in what way?
A. The rocks are shimmering and covered with moss.
B. The terrain is arid and hot with no deciduous flora.
C. The land looks like Arizona with cacti and large rock outcroppings.