Wednesday, February 16, 2011


Grade Level Fluency Goals 
1st Grade 80 Words Correct Per Minute

2nd           140 WCPM 
3rd           160  
4th           180  
5th           195  
6th           205  
7th           210  
8th           215 

Use the Free PDF fluency drills below for 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th grade.
This is a small sample from my Eclectic Speller that the students use to have
fun reading and build reading fluency. Sample Reading Fluency Drills all grades 
Hurry with my Food and Drink, Boy!
Fluency Drills and Assessments for all Grades!

Free PDF Second Grade Reading Fluency Passages and Timed One Minute Reading Drills | Unseen Reading Passages 

DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring First Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Second Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Third Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Fourth Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Fifth Grade Scoring Booklet
DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency Progress Monitoring Sixth Grade Scoring Booklet
Oral Reading Fluency Passages Grades 1-5
Word Lists for Fluency Practice 

RTI READING BOOT CAMP is researched based best instructional practices with a qualification, teach to the very TOP, expose every student to grade level and above ELA concepts, lift all students using Socratic learning tactics, teach and treat all students as GIFTED, be flexible and have fun, set rigorous goals, and differentiate through scaffolding and cooperative learning. This is a philosophy that many disagree with and believe it is not pedagogically sound, usually by teachers that try to ability group and differentiate for 2-7 grade levels. RBC has 13 years of proven results, the RTI reading intervention improves reading test scores by one full grade level in 20 days. Reading Boot Camp is used in hundreds of classrooms and a handful of schools as a proven school-wide turnaround program. Example 90 Minute Reading Block RTI READING BOOT CAMP

In a far-off land there was once a little girl who was called
Mariana, She was a happy child, but a little  restless that she could not
be kept happy at school, why because of long Division, but must run away, without 
leave. WCPM 38
One day she started off into a desert to gather wild flowers, and into the
cactus to chase butterflies. She ran here and she ran there, and went so
far, at last, that she found herself in a lonely place, where she saw a
snug little casa, in which three coyotes lived; but they were not then at
home. WCPM 100
The door was open, and Mariana pushed it open and found the place to
be quite empty, so she made up her mind to go in boldly, and look all
about the place, little thinking what sort of people lived there. WCPM 143
Now the three coyotes had gone for a walk a little before Mariana arrived. 
They were the Daddy coyote, and the Mommy coyote, and the Baby 
coyote; but they had left their frijoles on the table to cool. So when 
Mariana came into the kitchen, she saw the three bowls of frijoles.
She tasted the largest bowl, which belonged to the Daddy coyote and 
found it too spicy; then she tasted the medium bowl of frijoles, which 
belonged to the Mommy coyote, and found it too salty; then she tasted 
the smallest bowl, which belonged to the Baby coyote, and it was just
right, and she ate it all up. She usually stayed away from beans because 
they always gave her gas! WCPM 267
She went into the parlor, and there were three chairs. She tried the
biggest chair, which belonged to the Daddy coyote, and found it too high;
then she tried the middle-sized chair, which belonged to the
Mommy coyote, and she found it too hard; then she tried the little
chair, which belonged to the Baby coyote, and found it just right, but
she sat in it so hard that she broke it. WCPM 341
Now Mariana was by this time very tired, and she went upstairs to
the chamber, and there she found three beds. She tried the largest bed,
which belonged to the Daddy coyote, and found it too soft; then she tried
the middle-sized bed, which belonged to the Mommy coyote, and she
found it too hard; then she tried the smallest bed, which belonged to
the Baby coyote, and found it just right, so she lay down upon it, and
fell fast asleep. WCPM 421

More Teacher Made Fluency Drills Grade 3, 4, 5 and 6 

George Washington Carver 

George Washington Carver was an American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor. He was born into slavery during the America Ci8vil wart in Missouri a year before the end of the war. CWPM 31

When George Washington Carver was only a week old, George, a sister, and his mother were kidnapped by night raiders from Arkansas. George's brother, James, was rushed to safety from the kidnappers. The kidnappers sold the slaves in Kentucky. Moses Carver hired John Bentley to find them, but he located only the infant George. Moses negotiated with the raiders to gain the boy's return. and rewarded Bentley. CWPM 99

After slavery was abolished, Moses Carver and his wife Susan raised George and his older brother James as their own children. They encouraged George to continue his love of learning and reading, and his "Auntie Susan" taught him the basics of reading and writing that he turned into a lifelong passion of learning. CWPM 147

African American people were not allowed to go to white only public schools in Diamond Grove. The nearest segregated school for African American children was 10 miles away in Neosho, George decided to go there to continue his education. When he reached the town, he found the school closed for the night. He slept in a nearby barn. By his own account, the next morning he met a kind woman, Mariah Watkins, from whom he wished to rent a room. When he identified himself as "Carver's George," as he had done his whole life, she replied that from now on his name was "George Carver". George liked this lady very much, and her words, "You must learn all you can, then go back out into the world and give your learning back to the people", made a great impression on him. CWPM 286


Near the borders of a large forest dwelt in olden times a poor
wood-cutter, who had two children--a boy named Hansel, and his sister,
Grethel. They had very little to live upon, and once when there was a
dreadful season of scarcity in the land, the poor wood-cutter could not
earn sufficient to supply their daily food. WCPM 58

One evening, after the children were gone to bed, the parents sat
talking together over their sorrow, and the poor husband sighed, and
said to his wife, who was not the mother of his children, but their
stepmother, "What will become of us, for I cannot earn enough to support
myself and you, much less the children? what shall we do with them, for
they must not starve?" WCPM 127

"I know what to do, husband," she replied; "early to-morrow morning we
will take the children for a walk across the forest and leave them in
the thickest part; they will never find the way home again, you may
depend, and then we shall only have to work for ourselves." WCPM 179

"No, wife," said the man, "that I will never do. How could I have the
heart to leave my children all alone in the wood, where the wild beasts
would come quickly and devour them?"WCPM 215

"Oh, you fool," replied the stepmother, "if you refuse to do this, you
know we must all four perish with hunger; you may as well go and cut the
wood for our coffins." And after this she let him have no peace till he
became quite worn out, and could not sleep for hours, but lay thinking
in sorrow about his children. WCPM 280

The two children, who also were too hungry to sleep, heard all that
their stepmother had said to their father. Poor little Grethel wept
bitter tears as she listened, and said to her brother, "What is going to
happen to us, Hansel?" WCPM 324


In one of the large and rich cities of China, there once lived a tailor
named Mustapha. He was very poor. He could hardly, by his daily labor,
maintain himself and his family, which consisted only of his wife and a
son. WCPM 42

His son, who was called Aladdin, was a very careless and idle fellow. He
was disobedient to his father and mother, and would go out early in the
morning and stay out all day, playing in the streets and public places
with idle children of his own age. WCPM 92

When he was old enough to learn a trade, his father took him into his
own shop, and taught him how to use his needle; but all his father's
endeavors to keep him to his work were vain, for no sooner was his back
turned, than he was gone for that day, Mustapha chastised him, but
Aladdin was incorrigible, and his father, to his great grief, was forced
to abandon him to his idleness; and was so much troubled about him, that
he fell sick and died in a few months. WCPM 186

Aladdin, who was now no longer restrained by the fear of a father, gave
himself entirely over to his idle habits, and was never out of the
streets from his companions. This course he followed till he was fifteen
years old, without giving his mind to any useful pursuit, or the least
reflection on what would become of him. As he was one day playing,
according to custom, in the street, with his evil associates, a stranger
passing by stood to observe him. WCPM 279

This stranger was a sorcerer, known as the African magician, as he had
been but two days arrived from Africa, his native country.

The African magician, observing in Aladdin's countenance something which
assured him that he was a fit boy for his purpose, inquired his name and
history of some of his companions, and when he had learnt all he desired
to know, went up to him, and taking him aside from his comrades, said,
"Child, was not your father called Mustapha the tailor?" "Yes, sir,"
answered the boy, "but he has been dead a long time." WCPM 369


There was a miller who had three sons, and when he died he divided what
he possessed among them in the following manner: He gave his mill to the
eldest, his ass to the second, and his cat to the youngest. Each of the
brothers accordingly took what belonged to him, without the help of an
attorney, who would soon have brought their little fortune to nothing,
in law expenses. The poor young fellow who had nothing but the cat,
complained that he was hardly used: "My brothers," said he, "by joining
their stocks together, may do well in the world, but for me, when I have
eaten my cat, and made a fur cap of his skin, I may soon die of hunger!" 
WCPM 124

The cat, who all this time sat listening just inside the door of a
cupboard, now ventured to come out and addressed him as follows: "Do not
thus afflict yourself, my good master. You have only to give me a bag,
and get a pair of boots made for me, so that I may scamper through the
dirt and the brambles, and you shall see that you are not so ill
provided for as you imagine." Though the cat's master did not much
depend upon these promises, yet, as he had often observed the cunning
tricks puss used to catch the rats and mice, such as hanging upon his
hind legs, and hiding in the meal to make believe that he was dead, he
did not entirely despair of his being of some use to him in his unhappy
WCPM 266

When the cat had obtained what he asked for, he gayly began to equip
himself: he drew on his boots; and putting the bag about his neck, he
took hold of the strings with his fore paws, and bidding his master take
courage, immediately sallied forth. The first attempt Puss made was to
go into a warren in which there were a great number of rabbits. He put
some bran and some parsley into his bag; and then stretching himself out
at full length as if he was dead, he waited for some young rabbits, who
as yet knew nothing of the cunning tricks of the world, to come and get
into the bag, the better to feast upon the dainties he had put into it.
WCPM 394

Scarcely had he lain down before he succeeded as well as could be
wished. A giddy young rabbit crept into the bag, and the cat immediately
drew the strings, and killed him without mercy. Puss, proud of his prey,
hastened directly to the palace, where he asked to speak to the king. On
being shown into the apartment of his majesty, he made a low bow, and
said, "I have brought you, sire, this rabbit from the warren of my lord
the marquis of Carabas, who commanded me to present it to your majesty
with the assurance of his respect." (This was the title the cat thought
proper to bestow upon his master.) "Tell my lord marquis of Carabas,"
replied the king, "that I accept of his present with pleasure, and that
I am greatly obliged to him." Soon after, the cat laid himself down in
the same manner in a field of corn, and had as much good fortune as
before; for two fine partridges got into his bag, which he immediately
killed and carried to the palace: the king received them as he had done 
the rabbit, and ordered his servants to give the messenger something to
drink. In this manner he continued to carry presents of game to the king
from my lord marquis of Carabas, once at least in every week.
WCPM 621

Once upon a time there was a king and a queen who grieved sorely that
they had no children. When at last the queen gave birth to a daughter
the king was so overjoyed that he gave a great christening feast, the
like of which had never before been known. He asked all the fairies in
the land--there were seven all told--to stand godmothers to the little
princess, hoping that each might give her a gift, and so she should have
all imaginable perfections. WCPM 86

After the christening, all the company returned to the palace, where a
great feast had been spread for the fairy godmothers. Before each was
set a magnificent plate, with a gold knife and a gold fork studded with
diamonds and rubies. Just as they were seating themselves, however,
there entered an old fairy who had not been invited because more than
fifty years ago she had shut herself up in a tower and it was supposed
that she was either dead or enchanted. WCPM 171

The king ordered a cover to be laid for her, but it could not be a
massive gold one like the others, for only seven had been ordered made.
The old fairy thought herself ill-used and muttered between her teeth.
One of the young fairies, overhearing her, and fancying she might work
some mischief to the little baby, went and hid herself behind the
hangings in the hall, so as to be able to have the last word and undo
any harm the old fairy might wish to work. The fairies now began to
endow the princess. The youngest, for her gift, decreed that she should
be the most beautiful person in the world; the next that she should have
the mind of an angel; the third that she should be perfectly graceful;
the fourth that she should dance admirably well; the fifth, that she
should sing like a nightingale; the sixth, that she should play
charmingly upon every musical instrument. The turn of the old fairy had
now come, and she declared, while her head shook with malice, that the
princess should pierce her hand with a spindle and die of the wound.
This dreadful fate threw all the company into tears of dismay, when the
young fairy who had hidden herself came forward and said: WCPM 390

"Be of good cheer, king and queen; your daughter shall not so die. It is
true I cannot entirely undo what my elder has done. The princess will
pierce her hand with a spindle, but, instead of dying, she will only
fall into a deep sleep. The sleep will last a hundred years, and at the
end of that time a king's son will come to wake her." WCPM 460

The king, in hopes of preventing what the old fairy had foretold,
immediately issued an edict by which he forbade all persons in his
dominion from spinning or even having spindles in their houses under
pain of instant death. WCPM 501

Now fifteen years after the princess was born she was with the king and
queen at one of their castles, and as she was running about by herself
she came to a little chamber at the top of a tower, and there sat an
honest old woman spinning, for she had never heard of the king's edict. 
WCPM 560

Common Core Practice Test Reading Passages with Bloom's and WEBB's Test Questions | One or Two minute Fluency Drills 4th, 5th, and 6th Grade 
Grade | Class  4, 5 and 6 Fluency Drills
Tales of Space and Time | The Crystal Egg
Wells, H. G.
There was, until a year ago, a little and very grimy-looking shop near Seven Dials, over which, in weather-worn yellow lettering, the name of "C. Cave, Naturalist and Dealer in Antiquities," was inscribed. The contents of its window were curiously variegated. They comprised some elephant tusks and an imperfect set of chessmen, beads and weapons, a box of eyes, two skulls of tigers and one human, several moth-eaten stuffed monkeys (one holding a lamp), an old-fashioned cabinet, a flyblown ostrich egg or so, some fishing-tackle, and an extraordinarily dirty, empty glass fish-tank. There was also, at the moment the story begins, a mass of crystal, worked into the shape of an egg and brilliantly polished. And at  that two people, who stood outside the window, were looking, one of them a tall, thin clergyman, the other a black-bearded young man of dusky complexion and unobtrusive costume. The dusky young man spoke with eager gesticulation, and seemed anxious for his companion to purchase the article. CWPM 164 While they were there, Mr. Cave came into his shop, his beard still wagging with the bread and butter of his tea. When he saw these men and the object of their regard, his countenance fell. He glanced guiltily over his shoulder, and softly shut the door. He was a little old man, with pale face and peculiar watery blue eyes; his hair was a dirty grey, and he wore a shabby blue frock coat, an ancient silk hat, and carpet slippers very much down at heel. He remained watching the two men as they talked. The clergyman went deep into his trouser pocket, examined a handful of money, and showed his teeth in an agreeable smile. Mr. Cave seemed still more depressed when they came into the shop. The clergyman, without any ceremony, asked the price of the crystal egg. Mr. Cave glanced nervously towards the door leading into the parlor, and said five pounds. The clergyman protested that the price was high, to his companion as well as to Mr. Cave—it was, indeed, very much more than Mr. Cave had intended to ask, when he had stocked the article—and an attempt at bargaining ensued. Mr. Cave stepped to the shop-door, and held it open. "Five pounds is my price," he said, as though he wished to save himself the trouble of unprofitable discussion. As he did so, the upper portion of a woman's face appeared above the blind in the glass upper panel of the door leading into the parlor, and stared curiously at the two customers. "Five pounds is my price," said Mr. Cave, with a quiver in his voice. CWPM 275 + 164
Blooms and WEBB'S DOK Discussion Questions!! 
  1. How would you finish writing this story? 
  2. What conclusions can you draw from both people wanting to buy the article (The Crystal Egg)?
  3. How would you react to finding a brilliantly polished Crystal Egg in a thrift shop?
  4. Can you predict some outcomes if ether or neither of the men purchase the The Crystal Egg?
  5. What is your interpretation of the author’s main idea or moral to this story?
  6. How would you describe the opening sequence of events and their importance to the story?
  7. Can you elaborate on the reason why the author used contrasting characters that want to buy the The Crystal Egg?
  8. What would happen if the The Crystal Egg has supernatural power or amazing alien technology?
  9. Can you formulate a theory for why the men want to buy The Crystal Egg?
  10. Can you explain what it means when Anna feels ground to the bone by her boss?
  11. How would you compare the tone of The Crystal Egg to other Science fiction stories? 
  12. How would you summarize the feelings of the merchant towards the customers?
  13. What do you notice about the authors use of Mr. Caves demeanor and falling countenance? 
The Complete PDF Book Feedbooks Free Online Books 
Antiquity noun
(usually plural) objects or customs belonging to ancient times.
This wing of the museum is dedicated to antiquities.
Comprise transitive verb    
to include. The fitness center comprises a pool as well as racquetball courts.
to consist of. This list comprises the names of all the students who passed the reading test.
Countenance noun
approval or an expression of approval.
She gave little countenance to her assistant's proposal.
His parents refused to give their countenance to the marriage.
Dusky adjective
dark or rather dark in hue.
a dusky complexion
Gesticulation noun
the act or an instance of using hand movements, as to add emphasis or expressiveness to speech. He could not hear what she was saying, but her frantic gesticulation told him that something was very wrong.
Inscribe transitive verb
to write one's name or a short comment or dedication in or on (a book, photograph, or the like given as a present). He asked the composer to inscribe his copy of the sheet music.
Naturalist noun
a person who has expertise in or is devoted to the study of the natural sciences, especially botany and zoology.
Peculiar adjective
belonging distinctively or uniquely to a person, group, thing, or situation. a habit that is peculiar to bats
Unobtrusive adjective
not noticeable; inconspicuous.
Variegated adjective
showing variety or diversity, especially in having patches, spots, streaks, or the like of various colors.

FLUENCY DRILLS 1st, 2nd, and 6th coming soon! 


  1. What is the source of the fluency rates WCPM? I have never seen such high numbers in my life.

  2. The WCPM Goals are for students that are in the 95th Percentile! That is the GOAL to be at the TOP not the median!


Thank you!