Intervention: Fluency Formula™
Fluency Formula™ is a supplemental curriculum designed to promote reading
fluency for first- through sixth-grade students. The program emphasizes
automatic recognition of words, decoding accuracy, and oral expressiveness
as the foundation for building reading fluency. A daily 10- to 15-minute lesson
is delivered in the classroom. Students participate in whole-class, small-group,
and individual practice activities using workbooks, read-aloud anthologies,
library books, fluency activity cards, and audio CDs. The curriculum
encourages at-home practice and includes a Fluency Formula™ Assessment
System, which allows teachers to assess student fluency using one-minute
grade-level passages and a timer.
One study of Fluency Formula™ met the What Works Clearinghouse
(WWC) evidence standards. The study findings are based on data from
128 second-grade students in two suburban school districts in the Northeast.
1 The WWC considers the extent of evidence for Fluency Formula™ to be
small for fluency and comprehension. No studies that met WWC evidence
standards with or without reservations addressed alphabetics or general
Fluency Formula™ was found to have potentially positive effects on
fluency and potentially negative effects on comprehension.
1 The evidence presented in this report is based on available research.
Findings and conclusions may change as new research becomes available.
2 These numbers show the improvement indices based on the single
finding in each domain in the study.
Teachers, Parents, and Administrators:
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