Thursday, September 9, 2010

Reading Program:The Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing® (LiPS®)

Reading Program Overview

Intervention: Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing® (LiPS®)

Program Description

The Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing® (LiPS®) program (formerly called
the Auditory Discrimination in Depth® [ADD] program) is designed to teach
students the skills they need to decode words and to identify individual sounds
and blends in words. Initial activities engage students in discovering the lip,
tongue, and mouth actions needed to produce specific sounds. After students
are able to produce, label, and organize the sounds with their mouths,
subsequent activities in sequencing, reading, and spelling use the oral aspects
of sounds to identify and order them within words. The program also offers
direct instruction in letter patterns, sight words, and context clues in reading.
LiPS® is designed for emergent readers in kindergarten through grade 3 or
for struggling, dyslexic readers. The program is individualized to meet students’
needs and is often used with students who have learning disabilities or difficulties.
The version of the program tested here involved computer-supported activities.


One study of LiPS® that falls within the scope of the Students with Learning
Disabilities review protocol meets What Works Clearinghouse (WWC)
evidence standards. The study included 50 students with learning disabilities
from eight to ten years of age in three elementary schools in Florida.3

Based on this study, the WWC considers the extent of evidence for LiPS®
on students with learning disabilities to be small for alphabetics, reading fluency,
reading comprehension, writing, and math. No studies that meet WWC
evidence standards with or without reservations examined the effectiveness
of LiPS® on students with learning disabilities in the general reading
achievement, science, social studies, or progressing in school domains.


LiPS® was found to have potentially positive effects on alphabetics,
reading fluency, and math, no discernible effects on reading comprehension,
and potentially negative effects on writing for students with learning disabilities.

1 The descriptive information for this program was obtained from a publicly
available source: the program’s website (,
downloaded October 2009). The WWC requests developers to review the
program description sections for accuracy from their perspective. Further
verification of the accuracy of the descriptive information for this program
is beyond the scope of this review.

2 The studies in this report were reviewed using WWC Evidence
Standards, Version 2.0 (see the WWC Procedures and Standards
Handbook, Chapter III).

3 The evidence presented in this report is based on available research.
Findings and conclusions may change as new research becomes available.

4 These numbers show the average and range of student-level
improvement indices for all findings across the study.

Teachers and Administrators:
Please Give your Input on The Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing® (LiPS®)

WWC is an initiative of the U.S. Department of Education's

Institute of Education Sciences, the WWC:

Produces user-friendly practice guides for educators that address
instructional challenges with research-based recommendations for
schools and classrooms; Assesses the rigor of research evidence
on the effectiveness of interventions (programs, products, practices,
and policies), giving educators the tools to make informed decisions;

Develops and implements standards for reviewing and synthesizing
education research; and

Provides a public and easily accessible
to assist schools, school districts, and program
developers with designing and carrying out
rigorous evaluations.

All reports are reprinted from the
US Department of Education website
WWC for informational purposes.
Complete Reports Can Be Found

1 comment:

  1. Reading Program Reviews
    Please Give Ratings For
    Reading Comprehension
    Reading Fluency
    Reading Program Effectiveness
    Reading Program Research
    Alphabetics Effectiveness
    Reading Exams or State Assessments Results


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