The first compulsory education law in the United States, however was only passed in 1852 as it relates to free elementary school education administrated by the government. These laws continued to be passed state by state until the 1852 when all states had passed compulsory education laws requiring children to attend elementary school.
During the 1900s labor reformers and organizers also advocated for the implementation of labour laws that would protect children, and during the 1930’s after the 1929 stock market crash followed by what is commonly referred to in white American society as The Great Depression, there was a strong movement demanding that jobs be made available to adults who were providing for their families. While this ignores the crucial role that child labor provided to low-income families, this did mean that children were no longer forced into paid labor at the expense of their education.
The high school movement also had an impact on women’s involvement in the labour force between 1930 and 1950 as they were able to attain similar levels of education as men and obtain employment outside the home, replacing younger children and youth in factories and other jobs.