Thursday, May 7, 2015

Cause and Effect Lesson with Mentor Text Grade 4-6

Reading Boot Camp 2.0 Cause and Effect Lesson with Mentor Text Grade 4-6

CCSS reading and writing Cause and Effect Lesson with Mentor Text

CCSSR ELA Reading Writing: Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. Includes questions you can ask about any story. Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence. Story Source: Sean Taylor and http://reading-sage.blogspot.com/

Cause and Effect Review:Cause and Effect Review: Causality (also referred to as causation) is the relation between an event (the cause) and a second event (the effect), where the first event is understood to be responsible for the second. Cause and effect test questions look for a logical connection (Cause and Effect ) between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence., causality is also the relation between a set of factors (causes) and a phenomenon (the effect).

Vocabulary Review: Fact, Opinion, Argument, Persuasion, Theses, Infer, Drawing conclusions, Compare and Contrast, Main Idea, Authors View Point, Chronological order, Cause and Effect. Sequence, Summarize, and Context Clues


The Disappeared Children

     Luxurious looking and spacious hallways; colossal columns with magnificent carvings and giant French windows glistening in brilliant sunshine of perfect proportions. Pavered courtyards bordered by beautifully kept flower beds and inviting green fields which serve the purpose of play and recreational grounds. This is what greets you at Pearsons Gates Academy. This is the new ultra-modern school which has been built to board students who have been failing the National Standards Tests. The Disappeared have been separated from their families, friends, hopes, dreams, and futures.
     Children, ages five to eighteen were walking diligently along the hallways. They were heading to their respective classrooms. These classrooms were equipped with the most modern of furnishings and futuristic electronic devices and equipment. This is where the apex of twenty-first century teaching and learning takes place daily. The resplendent classrooms which are airy and illuminated by large gushes of natural light from the numerous and huge windows, are perfect for learning.
NEWS BREAK: Education police said they received another tip from school officials that all the children in a single home failed their Reading and Math test. PGA officials obtained an emergency custody order to remove the students and enroll them in the Pearsons Gates Academy. When authorities arrived at the Plutarch's home, they said a 4-year-old girl answered the door. Police said the mother was asleep on the couch and when awakened by officers, she became augmentative and uncooperative. Police said they removed all six children from the Phoenix home Monday after their mother and father failed to show up for a mandatory Parental Accountability Meeting.
The students here are progressing relatively well in Numeracy and Literacy! Things could not have been better as they have superlative teachers who have been PGA trained. The teachers are courteous, knowledgeable and know just how to execute their craft. They get the students actively involved in learning through acting, singing and dancing. The technological advancement in the world of education is at its summit here at Pearsons Gates Academy. Every spacious classroom had its own 3D holographic learning lab.
     It sounds very impressive and it is; well, at least that’s what all the overly anxious parents thought until they realized that this was all a dream. A fiction that would never be realized. Instead of being taken to these splendid Academies, which, of course, doesn’t exist, the failing children were hauled off to engage in slave labor in dehumanizing and grossly-overcrowded gargantuan factories. Most of the students were from poor minority families causing a number of families to believe there was a plot to exploit the disappeared children.
   “Are we ever going to go back home?” asked Danna, the youngest of all the children. Jesus who was the eldest and acknowledged as being most clever, quickly responded, “we will, outwit, and more important, outnumber the guards tonight at 10, we'll escape and find our way back to our families and homes.” The thousands of lost children have been surviving the cruel adversities, working 18 hour days, with very little nutritious food and sweat shop conditions that would desolate any without great hope and perseverance. The children demonstrated great virtue and resiliency, all while hope was essentially stripped away from them. When children failed their test, they became disposable.
    Parents worried endlessly about their lost children as they queried PGA officials about their wellbeing.
The well-mannered quiet children all sat stone-faced at the huge, food bare tables in the messhall and waited for the guards to waltz in and march them to the den-of-culinary-atrocities to deposit their meal trays. This was a ritual that occurred daily at 10 pm.
The ‘lookouts’ who sat at the four corners of the room waited for the moment when all 80 guards collected their meals and sat to eat unaware of the children plot. The ‘lookouts’ stood up and the fierce animalistic instinct of thousands of children kicked in. They pounced on the guards who were far outnumbered, relieving them of their rubber batons, hitting them mercilessly in the process of subduing them, really beating them silly for good measure.
Before long, all the battered guards were on the slimy porridge covered floor in a dazed state. Little did they know that the children would be able to overpower them in such a completely unified and solid way. The rotten PGA minions lay on the floor writhing in excruciating pain occasioned by blows from their own batons.
All the children, led by Jesus and Danna dashed through the wide double doors, ran along the corridors and into the fields. Twenty-four hours later they all arrived at a farm near the freight depot. They waited for a freight train headed north to the US border and placed the smallest children on the train with a compassionate chaperone. The rest headed north enduring the arduous journey on foot to the US border. Being the led by the smart-charismatic Jesus, he made it relatively easy for them to navigate their way back to their small town across the border. Their anxious and worried parents were overjoyed to see them and they were all in school the next day.
In a supernatural-ingenuous plot, the disappeared led by Jesus and Danna outwitted the guards and escaped the subjugation. The children were diligent-strategic and meticulous in planning their every move and did not hesitate to execute their best-laid plan with great deliberation. The students used what little technology they had to document what really happened to them. The Disappeared shared the great atrocities and injustice of separating families in the name of School Reform and Accountability. The world learned firsthand what the PGA was really doing.
But what really led to the inception of this Modern Greek tragedy that all participants could or should have done without? Close examination revealed that thinking, fun, creativity, innovation and curiosity was taken out of learning because of the commercialization of education and the overbearing testing of the children mandated by politicians. There was no longer any joy, curiosity or excitement involved in teaching and learning. The enormous stresses associated with doing National Academic Standards Tests and Evaluation (NASTE) were imperious and almost terror-like.
However, following this ghastly episode of the Disappeared Children, the teachers and administrators have now revolutionized teaching and learning. Teachers are now in control of all educational decisions, they are paid like doctors, students are enjoying over an hour of recess everyday, there are more fun and games involved in lessons and there’s no mandatory testing.
To everyone’s surprise and delight, the passing rates have now been catapulted upwards from 20 percent in the poorest schools to 90 percent.
As for the PGA officials and factory guards who wielded power over the children as innocent victims; they were all imprisoned and subjected to mandatory rehabilitation courses. Never again would this ill-fated occurrence be allowed to take hold of education and innocent children.
There trods our obligatory ending, which we'll see in our fu ture, All the children learn happily ever after. The End?


Check for understanding?


Cause and Effect Question Stems

How or why did this occur ...?, What are the effects of...?, What caused the ....?, What is the primary cause...? What is the secondary cause...? What were the reasons for…?, What is the effect of....?, What caused …? What was the outcome of …?, What text evidence supports...?, Why was this detail needed...?, What was the purpose of ...?, Why did the author decide to include...?, Why did the author include ...?, How did the events turn out...? What happened when...?, How should the author restate the cause...?, Why did the author write this article? What inferences can you make from the text?, What evidence would you need to support the inference? What can you conclude from this text?, Why do you think that?, Can you give causal details from the text that supports your inference?, Can you show me where this is supported in the text?


1. There was no longer any joy, curiosity or excitement involved in teaching and learning. The enormous stresses associated with doing National Standards Tests were imperious and almost terror-like. The Passage is an example of,
A. cause
B. effect
C. opinion
D. argument
Writing Lesson
Highlight Keywords and Summarize the Story by Reading Aloud with a Partner. Write a new positive or sad ending for The Disappeared narrative. Explain your opinion about immigration using text evidence why you infer (conclude) that. Write a Tweet using keywords about the theme, main ideas, opinion or feelings! Example: THE COLONY - A claustrophobic, post-apocalyptic survival tale reminiscent of John Carpenter's GHOST OF MARS. Not a bad B-movie rental. | C+

Extensions

Students can do research on High Stakes testing in the US. Students can form arguments about the advantages and standardized testing. Example: Standardized test hold the teacher, parent and students accountable. Students can create a Cause and effect skit to model undeveloped parts of the narrative. Example: Cause and effect, Effect: There was no longer any joy, curiosity or excitement involved in teaching and learning. The enormous stresses associated with doing National Standards Tests were imperious and almost terror-like.

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